Solanaceae

BRUGMANSIA Pers.

  1. Brugmansia suaveolens (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Willd.) Sweet Hort. Suburb. Lond.: 41 (1818); POWO (2021). Native of tropical S America, probably also Congo. Introduced to Indonesia.


CAPSICUM L.

  1. Capsicum annuum L. Sp. Pl.: 188 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of Mexico and tropical America (N). Introduced to Indonesia.

  2. Capsicum frutescens L. Sp. Pl.: 189 (1753); POWO (2021). Native to Bolivia and Brazil. Introduced to Indonesia.


CESTRUM L.

  1. Cestrum nocturnum L. Sp. Pl.: 191 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of Mexico and C America. Introduced to Indonesia.


LYCIANTHES (Dunal) Hassl.

  1. Lycianthes aceratia Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 508 (1919); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  2. Lycianthes belensis (Merr. & L.M.Perry) A.R.Bean, Austrobaileya 6: 567 (2003); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Lycianthes biflora (Lour.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 461 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum biflorum Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1: 129 (1790). - Solanum biflorum var. corynephorum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 453 (1891). - Solanum calleryanum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 178 (1852). - Solanum decemdentatum Roxb., 1: 565. - Solanum decemfidum Nees, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 43 (1834). - Solanum diphyllum Osbeck, Voy. China 1: 328 (1771). - Solanum javanicum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 176 (1852). - Solanum mindanaense Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 8: 2832 (1915). - Solanum mollissimum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 698 (1826). - Solanum multifidum Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 96 (1825). - Solanum osbeckii Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 179 (1852). - Solanum osbeckii var. stauntonii Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 179 (1852). - Solanum roxburghii Dunal ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 96 (1825). - Solanum stauntonii Dunal ex D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 96 (1825). - Solanum zollingeri Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 176 (1852). - Solanum zollingeri var. multiflorum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 176 (1852). S to E Asia, mainland SE Asia, and Malesia. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  4. Lycianthes bimensis (Miq.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 490 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum bimense Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 642. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  5. Lycianthes brachyanthera Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 472 (1919); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  6. Lycianthes cladotrichota (Bitter) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Lycianthes patellicalyx (Bitter) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919). - Solanum cladotrichotum Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 96 (1917). - Solanum patellicalyx Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 99 (1917). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  7. Lycianthes denticulata (Blume) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 473 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum ciliatum Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 643. - Solanum crassipetalum Wight ex C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 4: 231 (1883). - Solanum denticulatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 697 (1826). - Solanum denticulatum var. sumatrense Witasek, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 80: 165 (1931). - Solanum membranaceum Wight ex C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 4: 231 (1883). - Solanum nematosepalum Miq., 2: 643. S Indochina to Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, BORNEO, MALUKU.

  8. Lycianthes impar (Warb.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum impar Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 415 (1891). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  9. Lycianthes lysimachioides (Wall.) Bitter Gatt. Lycianthes: 491 (1919); POWO (2021). - Lycianthes biflora subsp. lysimachioides (Wall.) Deb, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 76: 293 (1978). - Lycianthes lysimachioides var. cordifolia C.Y.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 79 (1978). - Lycianthes lysimachioides var. purpuriflora C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 79 (1978). - Lycianthes lysimachioides var. rotundifolia C.Y.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 80 (1978). - Numaeacampa kerrii Gagnep., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 95: 33 (1948). - Solanum caulorhizum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 181 (1852). - Solanum debilissimum Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 23: 265 (1923). - Solanum lysimachioides Wall., Fl. Ind. 2: 257 (1824). - Solanum macrodon var. lysimachioides (Wall.) C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India 4: 232 (1883). Himalaya to Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  10. Lycianthes laevis (Dunal ex Poir.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 484 (1919); POWO (2021). - Bassovia laevis (Dunal) Dunal, in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 13(1): 408 (1852). - Capsicum laeve (Dunal) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 450 (1891). - Solanum blumei Nees ex Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 696 (1826). - Solanum blumei var. erythrocarpum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 453 (1891). - Solanum blumei var. grandifolia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 642 (1861). - Solanum blumei var. parvifolia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 642 (1861). - Solanum blumei var. xanthocarpum Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 453 (1891). - Solanum eschweilerianum Zipp. ex Miq., 2: 642. - Solanum laeve Dunal ex Poir., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 751 (1814). - Solanum membranaceum Wall. ex Nees, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 17: 41 (1834). - S to E Asia, to C Malesia. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA.

  11. Lycianthes memecylonoides (Bitter & Schltr.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Lycianthes balanidium (Bitter) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919). - Solanum balanidium Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 95 (1917). - Solanum memecylonoides Bitter & Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 93 (1917). - Solanum memecylonoides subsp. finisterrae Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 94 (1919). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  12. Lycianthes minutipila Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 473 (1919); POWO (2021). Sumatra and Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  13. Lycianthes moszkowskii (Bitter) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum acuminatissimum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 49 (1949). - Solanum moszkowskii Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 103 (1917). - Solanum ridleyanum Wernham, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 119 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  14. Lycianthes multifolia (Merr. & L.M.Perry) A.R.Bean, Austrobaileya 6: 567 (2003); POWO (2021). - Solanum multifolium Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 50 (1949). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  15. Lycianthes oliveriana (K.Schum. & Lauterb.) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Lycianthes ledermannii (Bitter) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919). - Solanum ledermannii Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 107 (1917). - Solanum oliverianum K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 535 (1900). Maluku to New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  16. Lycianthes parasitica (Blume) Bitter, Gatt. Lycianthes: 504 (1919); POWO (2021). - Solanum parasiticum Blume, Catalogus: 55 (1823). Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  17. Lycianthes peranomala (Wernham ex Ridl.) A.R.Bean, Austrobaileya 6: 567 (2003); POWO (2021). - Solanum peranomalum Wernham ex Ridl., in Hooker's Icon. Pl. 31: t. 3062 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  18. Lycianthes wollastonii (Wernham) A.R.Bean, Austrobaileya 6: 568 (2003); POWO (2021). - Solanum wollastonii Wernham, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 120 (1916). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.


NICANDRA Adans.

  1. Nicandra physalodes (L.) Gaertn. Fruct. Sem. Pl. 2: 237 (1791); POWO (2021). Native of western S America. Introduced to Indonesia.


NICOTIANA L.

  1. Nicotiana tabacum L. Sp. Pl.: 180 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of Bolivia. Introduced to Indonesia.


PHYSALIS L.

  1. Physalis angulata L. Sp. Pl.: 183 (1753); POWO (2021). Sp. Pl.: 183 (1753). Native of tropical America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  2. Physalis peruviana L. Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1670 (1763); POWO (2021). Native of Bolivia to W Brazil. Introduced to Indonesia.


SOLANUM L.

  1. Solanum abortivum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 93 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Solanum alpinum Zoll. & Moritzi, Natuur- Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indië 2: 571 (1854); POWO (2021). - Solanum anacamptocarpum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 59 (1852). - Solanum bromoense Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 453 (1891). - Solanum dichrophyllum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 48 (1852). - Solanum viscidissimum Zoll. & Moritzi, Natuur- Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indië 2: 571 (1845). Java and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  3. Solanum americanum Mill. Gard. Dict. ed. 8: n.° 5 (1768); POWO (2021). Native of tropical America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  4. Solanum anfractum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 93 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Solanum athroanthum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 208 (1852); POWO (2021). - Solanum densiflorum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 208 (1852). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  6. Solanum athenae Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 85 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  7. Solanum betaceum Cav. Anales Hist. Nat. 1: 44 (1799); POWO (2021). Native of tropical S America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  8. Solanum borgmannii Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 97 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  9. Solanum callicarpoides Wall., Fl. Ind. 2: 258 (1824); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  10. Solanum comitis Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 345 (1852); POWO (2021). - Solanum comitum St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 185 (1880). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  11. Solanum cyanocarphium Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 700 (1826); POWO (2021). - Solanum bullatorugosum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 236 (1852). - Solanum coeruleum Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 26 (1790). - Solanum sparsiflorum Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 5: 1838 (1913). Vietnam, Java, and Philippines. JAVA.

  12. Solanum dallmannianum Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 415 (1891); POWO (2021). - Solanum cremastocarpum K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 534 (1900). - Solanum dolichopodum Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 68 (1917). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  13. Solanum dammerianum Lauterb. & K.Schum., Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2: 147 (1898); POWO (2021). - Solanum oligolobum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 46 (1949). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  14. Solanum denseaculeatum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 100 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to W New Guinea. PAPUA.

  15. Solanum diphyllum L., Sp. Pl. 1: 184─185. 1753; Hariri & Irsyam, Alkauniyah 11, 1: 27 (2018); POWO (2021). Native of tropical America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  16. Solanum dunalianum Gaudich., Voy. Uranie: 448 (1829); POWO (2021). - Solanum dunalianum var. inerme Witasek, Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 89: 601 (1913). - Solanum dunalianum var. lanceolatum Witasek, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 5: 166 (1908). - Solanum dunalianum var. puberius Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 73 (1919). - Solanum pulvinare Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 1: 39 (1876). Maluku, New Guinea, to E Australia. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  17. Solanum expedunculatum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 103 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  18. Solanum galactites A.R.Bean, Austrobaileya 9: 574 (2016); POWO (2021). - Solanum heteracanthum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 48 (1949). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  19. Solanum gibbsiae J.R.Drumm., Fl. Arfak Mts.: 177 (1917); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  20. Solanum graciliflorum Dunal ex Poir., Encycl., Suppl. 3: 763 (1814); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  21. Solanum incanoalabastrum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 132 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  22. Solanum infuscatum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 107 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  23. Solanum involucratum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 701 (1826); POWO (2021). - Solanum ferox var. involucratum (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 746 (1861). - Solanum ovoideum Zipp. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 647. Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java. JAVA.

  24. Solanum lasiocarpum Dunal, Hist. Nat. Solanum: 222; POWO (2021). - Solanum ferox L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 267 (1762). - Solanum ferox var. lasiocarpum (Dunal) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 647 (1861). - Solanum hirsutum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 253 (1824). - Solanum immane Hance ex Walp., Ann. Bot. Syst. 3: 165 (1852). - Solanum lasiocarpum var. domesticum Heiser, : 413 (1986). Solanum lasiocarpum var. velutinum Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 253 (1852). - Solanum quadriloculare Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(2): 72 (1827). - Solanum stramoniifolium Pav. ex Dunal, Prodr. 13(1): 346 (1852). - Solanum zeylanicum Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 136 (1837). S to E Asia, Malesia, Australia. JAVA, ?KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  25. Solanum leptacanthum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 45 (1949); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  26. Solanum lycopersicum L. Sp. Pl.: 185 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of Peru. Introduced to Indonesia.

  27. Solanum melongena L. Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of mainland Asia to Peninsular Malaysia. Introduced to Indonesia.

  28. Solanum missimense Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 113 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Solanum multivenosum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 73 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  30. Solanum nolense Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 115 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea.

  31. Solanum papuanum Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 116 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  32. Solanum pittosporifolium Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 171 (1890); POWO (2021). - Solanum hidetaroi Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 29: 84 (1939). - Solanum japonense Nakai, Fl. Sylv. Kor. 14: 58 (1923). - Solanum nipponense Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 3: 20 (1926). - Solanum pittosporifolium var. pilosum C.Y.Wu & S.C.Huang, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 16(2): 72 (1978). - Solanum schiffnerianum Witasek, Oesterr. Bot. Z. 80: 163 (1931). - Solanum takaoyamense Makino, J. Jap. Bot. 3: 38 (1926). C to SE and E Asia, Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  33. Solanum poka Dunal, Encycl. [J. Lamarck & al.] Suppl. 3: 768. 1814; Aubriot et al. PhytoKeys 70: 104 (2016). Solanum torvum Sw. var. scabrescens Miq. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 648. 1861. Sumatra to Maluku. W SUMATRA.

  34. Solanum rivicola Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 118 (1985); POWO (2021). Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  35. Solanum schefferi F.Muell., Descr. Notes Papuan Pl. 1(3): 43 (1876); POWO (2021). - Solanum incanum Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 1: 39 (1876). Solanum smilacocladum Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 79 (1917). Sulawesi and New Guinea. SULAWESI, PAPUA.

  36. Solanum spirale Roxb., Fl. Ind. 2: 247 (1824); POWO (2021). - Solanum apoense Elmer, Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 2: 730 (1910). - Solanum callium C.T.White ex R.J.F.Hend., Austrobaileya 1: 13 (1977). - Solanum naratida Buch.-Ham. ex Wall., Numer. List: n.° 2619 B (1831). - Solanum spirale var. tetrasepalum H.Zhu, Acta Sci. Nat. Univ. Sunyatseni 28(2): 67 (1989). Solanum superficiens Adelb., Blumea 6: 331 (1948). C Asia to SE and E Asia, Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  37. Solanum torricellense Bitter, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 75 (1917); POWO (2021). - Solanum mankiense Symon, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 8: 135 (1985). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  38. Solanum torvoideum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 47 (1949); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  39. Solanum torvum Sw. Prodr. Veg. Ind. Occ.: 47 (1788); POWO (2021). Native of tropical America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  40. Solanum trichostylum Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30: 47 (1949); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Solanum tuberosum L. Sp. Pl.: 185 (1753); POWO (2021). Native of S America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  42. Solanum turraeifolium S.Moore, J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 37 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

References

Aubriot X, Loup C, Knapp S. 2016. Confirming the identity of two enigmatic “spiny solanums” (Solanum subgenus Leptostemonum, Solanaceae) collected by Jean-Baptiste Leschenault in Java. PhytoKeys 70: 97-110. doi: 10.3897/phytokeys.70.9758

Hariri MR, Irsyam ASD. A note on naturalized Solanum diphyllum L. (Solanaceae) in Java. AL-KAUNIYAH; Journal of Biology, 11(1): 25-32.

POWO. 2021. Plants of the World Online. http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org accessed 6 June 2021.