Piperaceae

PEPEROMIA Ruiz & Pav.

  1. Peperomia bismarckiana C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 207 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Peperomia bamleri C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 219 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Peperomia beccarii C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 294 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Peperomia bryophila C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 219 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Peperomia candida (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 105 (1843); POWO (2021). - Micropiper candidum (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 58 (1840). - Micropiper subrotundum Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 59 (1840). - Peperomia reinwardtiana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 141 (1843). - Piper avene Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 71 (1844). - Piper candidum Blume, Catalogus: 33 (1823). - Piper subrotundum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 235 (1826). Java and Borneo. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  6. Peperomia carnicaulis C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 303 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  7. Peperomia colossina C.DC., Candollea 1: 383 (1923); POWO (2021). - Peperomia purpurea Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 141 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Peperomia convexa (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 107 (1843); POWO (2021). - Micropiper convexum (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 60 (1840). - Piper convexum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 236 (1826). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  9. Peperomia decumbens C.DC., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 128 (1914); POWO (2021). Peninsular Malaysia and Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  10. Peperomia exigua (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 77 (1843); POWO (2021). - Micropiper exiguum (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 55 (1840). - Peperomia freireifolia A.Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 274 (1850). - Peperomia hymenophylla Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 78 (1843). - Piper exiguum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 232 (1826). - Piper hyalinum Wall., Numer. List: n.º 6662 (1832). Tropical Africa and Asia. JAVA.

  11. Peperomia gedehana C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 275 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  12. Peperomia gemella Miq., in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 2: 83 (1854); POWO (2021). - Peperomia malaccensis Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1895: 185 (1895). - Peperomia wallichii Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 82 (1843). - Piper basellifolium Wall., Numer. List: n.º 6665 (1832). Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Maluku, New Guinea. JAVA, MALUKU.

  13. Peperomia gruendleri C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 7 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  14. Peperomia hallieri C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 276 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  15. Peperomia hedyotidea Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 142 (1916); POWO (2021). - Peperomia angustilimba C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 218 (1918). - Peperomia linearifolia C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 218 (1918). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  16. Peperomia hirticaulis C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 275 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  17. Peperomia junghuhniana Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 15 (1851); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  18. Peperomia kalimatina C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 5 (1914); POWO (2021). - Peperomia elbertii C.DC., Candollea 1: 314 (1923). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  19. Peperomia kerinciensis I.M.Turner, Gard. Bull. Singapore 64: 251 (2012); POWO (2021). - Peperomia villosa Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 80 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra: Kerinci. SUMATRA.

  20. Peperomia kravangensis Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 108 (1843); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  21. Peperomia kuhliana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 104 (1843); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  22. Peperomia laevifolia (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 107 (1843); POWO (2021). - Micropiper bilineatum (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 59 (1840). - Micropiper laevifolium (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 56 (1840). - Peperomia apoana C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 411 (1910). - Peperomia bilineata (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 106 (1843). - Peperomia nativitatis C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 506 (1921). Piper bilineatum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 231 (1826). Piper laevifolium Blume, Catalogus: 33 (1823). Thailand to New Guinea. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  23. Peperomia lasiophylla C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 277 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  24. Peperomia lasiorhachis C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 208 (1918); POWO (2021). Papuasia. PAPUA.

  25. Peperomia lauterbachii K.Schum., in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 237 (1905); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  26. Peperomia microstachya C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 208 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Peperomia mollicaulis C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 6 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  28. Peperomia muscicola Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 141 (1916); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Peperomia nervosovenosa (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 104 (1843); POWO (2021). - Micropiper nervosovenosum (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 57 (1840). - Piper nervosovenosum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 228 (1826). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  30. Peperomia pangerangoana C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 276 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  31. Peperomia parcicilia C.DC., Proc. Sect. Sci. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam 14(4): 65 (1909); POWO (2021). Vietnam, Java, and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  32. Peperomia parvibacca C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 356 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  33. Peperomia parvibractea C.DC., Candollea 2: 189 (1925); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  34. Peperomia parvicaulis C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 294 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  35. Peperomia pubicaulis C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 6 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesse Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  36. Peperomia pubilimba C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 218 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  37. Peperomia ridleyi C.DC., Candollea 1: 407 (1923); POWO (2021). - Peperomia obliqua Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 142 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  38. Peperomia rigidicaulis C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 6 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  39. Peperomia rubrimaculata C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 220 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  40. Peperomia schlechteri Lauterb., in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 238 (1905); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Peperomia tenuipila C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1010 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  42. Peperomia teysmannii C.DC., Candollea 1: 327 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  43. Peperomia tjibodasana C.DC., Proc. Sect. Sci. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam 14(4): 67 (1909); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  44. Peperomia udisilvestris C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 220 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  45. Peperomia ventenatii Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 125 (1843); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  46. Peperomia versteegii C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 422 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


PIPER L.

  1. Piper aberrans C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 4 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  2. Piper acre Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 185 (1826); POWO (2021). - Cubeba acris (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). Peninsular Malaysia and Java. JAVA.

  3. Piper acutibracteum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 301 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  4. Piper acutistipulum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 282 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  5. Piper albamentum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 214 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Piper albidistigmatum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 293 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  7. Piper albopunctatum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 210 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Piper anisotrichum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 353 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  9. Piper arcuatum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 180 (1826); POWO (2021). - Cubeba arcuata (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Piper melanocarpum Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 88 (1923). - Piper zollingerianum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 351 (1869). S Asia, Thailand, W Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  10. Piper arfakianum C.DC., in L.S.Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 127 (1917); POWO (2021). - Piper pilosulinodum C.DC., in L.S.Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 128 (1917). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  11. Piper argyroneurum Hallier f., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 13: 297 (1896); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  12. Piper attenuatum Buch.-Ham. ex Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 306 (1843); POWO (2021). - Chavica melamiris Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 245 (1843). - Chavica pseudomelamiris Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 244 (1843). - Piper karok Blume, Catalogus: 33 (1823). - Piper malamiris Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 162 (1820). - Piper sirium C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 361 (1869). India to Myanmar, Java, Philippines. JAVA.

  13. Piper austrocaledonicum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 346 (1869); POWO (2021). Piper comptonii S.Moore, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 45: 381 (1921). - Piper paitense Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 39: 92 (1906). - Piper peekelii C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 57: 354 (1922). New Guinea to New Caledonia. PAPUA.

  14. Piper baccatum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 172 (1826); POWO (2021). - Muldera baccata (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 341 (1844). - Muldera firma Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 140 (1863). - Muldera recurva Zoll., Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 2: 84 (1854). - Muldera recurva (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 342 (1844). - Piper ceylanicum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 242 (1869). - Piper firmum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 242 (1869). - Piper flavimarginatum C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 26 (1912). - Piper pachyphyllum Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 80 (1886). - Piper protrusum Chaveer. & Tanee, J. Syst. Evol. 49: 468 (2011). - Piper recurvum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 176 (1826). - Piper sarcopodum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 207 (1916). S Asia to C Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  15. Piper bangkanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 288 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra: Bangka. SUMATRA.

  16. Piper bantamense Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 164 (1826); POWO (2021). - Cubeba bantamensis (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). Java to Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  17. Piper baramense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 283 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  18. Piper barbispicum C.DC., Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 6: 482 (1917); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  19. Piper batuanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 280 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to W Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  20. Piper beccarii C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 286 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  21. Piper betle L., Sp. Pl.: 28 (1753); POWO (2021). - Artanthe hexagyna Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 412 (1844). - Betela mastica Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 85 (1838). - Chavica auriculata Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 269 (1843). - Chavica betle (L.) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 228 (1843). - Chavica blumei Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 246 (1843). - Chavica canaliculata (Opiz) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6: 224 (1851). - Chavica densa Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 252 (1843). - Chavica siriboa (L.) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 224 (1843). - Cubeba melamiri Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 34 (1840). - Cubeba siriboa (L.) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 34 (1840). - Macropiper potamogetonifolium (Opiz) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 221 (1843). - Piper anisodorum Náves ex Fern.-Vill., in F.M.Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 3, 4(13A): 175 (1880). - Piper anisodorum Blanco, Fl. Filip., ed. 2: 16 (1845). - Piper bathicarpum C.DC., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1: 153 (1905). - Piper betel Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 22 (1837). - Piper bidentatum Stokes, Bot. Mat. Med. 1: 79 (1812). - Piper blancoi Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 1(Suppl.): 41 (1906). - Piper blumei (Miq.) Backer, Bekn. Fl. Java 3(38): 12 (1941). - Piper canaliculatum Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 156 (1828). - Piper carnistilum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 774 (1910). - Piper densum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 193 (1826). - Piper fenixii C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 425 (1910). - Piper macgregorii C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 215 (1916). - Piper malamiri Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 203 (1826). - Piper malamiris L., Sp. Pl.: 29 (1753). - Piper malarayatense C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 442 (1910). - Piper marianum Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 159 (1828). - Piper philippinense C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 353 (1869). - Piper pinguispicum C.DC. & Koord., Proc. Sect. Sci. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam 14(4): 37 (1909). - Piper potamogetonifolium Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 156 (1828). - Piper rubroglandulosum Chaveer. & Mokkamul, Acta Phytotax. Geobot. 59: 142 (2008). - Piper saururus Burm., Fl. Malab.: 3 (1769). - Piper silletianum P.K.Mukh., Phytotaxa 289(2): 188 (2016). - Piper siriboa L., Sp. Pl.: 29 (1753). - Piperi betlum (L.) St.-Lag., Ann. Soc. Bot. Lyon 7: 132 (1880). Mainland SE Asia, Philippines, and Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  22. Piper bilobulatum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 418 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  23. Piper bipunctatum C.DC., in L.S.Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 207 (1917); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea.

  24. Piper bistigmatum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 292 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  25. Piper boehmeriifolium (Miq.) Wall. ex C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 348 (1869); POWO (2021). S to E Asia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, and Philippines. SUMATRA.

  26. Piper bojonyum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 299 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  27. Piper bolanicum Schltr. ex R.O.Gardner, Blumea 48: 59 (2003); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  28. Piper boorsroae C.DC., Candollea 2: 216 (1925); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Piper borneense N.E.Br., Gard. Chron., n.s., 17: 108 (1882); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  30. Piper bosnicanum C.DC., in L.S.Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 207 (1917); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  31. Piper brevifolium C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 273 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  32. Piper brevipes C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 213 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  33. Piper buruanum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 141 (1863); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku: Buru. MALUKU.

  34. Piper caducibracteum C.DC., Interpr. Herb. Amboin.: 183 (1917); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  35. Piper capitellatum C.DC., Candollea 1: 176 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  36. Piper celebicum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 157 (1826); POWO (2021). - Chavica celebica Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 276 (1843). - Cubeba celebica (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Piper ellipticum Roem. & Schult., Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 1: 328 (1817). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  37. Piper chlorostachyum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 214 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  38. Piper cilibracteum C.DC., Proc. Sect. Sci. Kon. Akad. Wetensch. Amsterdam 14(4): 49 (1909); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  39. Piper cinereocaule C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 215 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  40. Piper clavibracteum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 420 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Piper coactile Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 88 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  42. Piper crassum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 189 (1826); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  43. Piper cubeba L.f., Suppl. Pl.: 90 (1782); POWO (2021). - Cubeba cubeba (L.f.) H.Karst., Ill. Repert. Pharm.-Med. Bot.: 478 (1886). - Cubeba officinalis Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 84 (1838). - Cubeba segetum Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 304 (1843). Myanmar to Indochina, W Malesia to Maluku. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

  44. Piper curtilimbum C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 3 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  45. Piper decumanum L., Herb. Amb.: 19 (1754); POWO (2021). Philippines and Sulawesi to New Guinea. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  46. Piper dempoanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 285 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  47. Piper djabia C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 298 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  48. Piper dumiformans C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 213 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  49. Piper durilimbum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 416 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  50. Piper elatostema Hallier f., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 13: 295 (1896); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  51. Piper elbertii C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 2 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  52. Piper forstenii C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 348 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica imperialis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 134 (1863). Endemic to Maluku: Ambon. MALUKU.

  53. Piper fragile Benth., London J. Bot. 2: 234 (1843); POWO (2021). - Chavica benthamiana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 233 (1843). - Piper barclayanum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 336 (1869). - Piper carolinense Hosok., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 25: 117 (1935). Philippines and Maluku east to Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  54. Piper fragiliforme C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 272 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  55. Piper frustratum (Miq.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 73 (1900); POWO (2021). - Chavica frustrata Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 16 (1851). - Piper ramipilum C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 3 (1912). - Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  56. Piper fuscescentispicum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 216 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  57. Piper gibbiflorum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 279 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  58. Piper glaberrimum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 283 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  59. Piper gracilipes C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 15-16: 231 (1912); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  60. Piper grandispicum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 417 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  61. Piper gibbilimbum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 16 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  62. Piper graveolens C.DC., Candollea 1: 182 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  63. Piper havilandii C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 281 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  64. Piper hirtovarium C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 207 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  65. Piper hispidiramum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 290 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  66. Piper hollrungii K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 256 (1900); POWO (2021). - Piper tapenbeckii K.Schum. & Lauterb. ex C.DC., Candollea 1: 281 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  67. Piper hosei C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 287 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  68. Piper hypoglaucum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 139 (1863); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  69. Piper insectifugum C.DC. ex Seem., Fl. Vit.: 262 (1868); POWO (2021). - Piper melula Trel., J. Arnold Arbor. 9: 148 (1928). Philippines and New Guinea. PAPUA.

  70. Piper insignilimbum C.DC., Candollea 2: 219 (1925); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  71. Piper internibaccum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 420 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  72. Piper internovarium C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 209 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  73. Piper keyanum C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 32: 3 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku: Kei Islands. MALUKU.

  74. Piper koordersii C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 298 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  75. Piper kreangense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 302 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  76. Piper krintjingense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 273 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  77. Piper kurzii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 82: 188 (1920); POWO (2021). - Piper kurzii C.DC., Candollea 1: 198 (1923). Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, and Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  78. Piper labillardierei C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 361 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica consanguinea Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 232 (1843). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  79. Piper lanatum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 161 (1820); POWO (2021). - Chavica haenkeana (Opiz) C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 6: 224 (1851). - Chavica viminalis (Opiz) Miq., Linnaea 20: 131 (1847). - Cubeba canina (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Cubeba lanata (Roxb.) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 298 (1843). - Cubeba lowong (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Peperomia lanata A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. ed. 6, 1: 145 (1831). - Piper acutibaccum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 459 (1910). - Piper apoanum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 785 (1910). - Piper arborescens Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl.: 293 (1860). - Piper arborisedens C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 223 (1916). - Piper banksii Miq., Verslagen Meded. Afd. Natuurk. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., ser. 2, 2: 61 (1868). - Piper basilanum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 457 (1910). - Piper boerlagei C.DC., Candollea 1: 226 (1923). - Piper bombycatum Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 23 (1790). - Piper bonthainense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 302 (1920). - Piper cabadbaranum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 6: 2292 (1914). - Piper caninum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 214 (1826). - Piper dagatpanum C.DC., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1: 154 (1905). - Piper densibaccum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 454 (1910). - Piper gelalae C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 260 (1916). - Piper haenkeanum Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 159 (1828). - Piper hallieri C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 458 (1910). - Piper hirsutissimum D.Dietr., Syn. Pl. 1: 122 (1839). - Piper javanicum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 343 (1869). - Piper kietanum C.DC., in Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Wien. Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 89: 527 (1913 publ. 1914). - Piper lowong Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 161 (1826). - Piper malaganum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 461 (1910). - Piper marivelesanum C.DC., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1: 155 (1905). - Piper merrittii C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 460 (1910). - Piper negrosense C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 786 (1910). - Piper obovatibracteum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 784 (1910). - Piper parcipilum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 445 (1910). - Piper pedunculatum Reinw. ex Miq., Linnaea 21: 484 (1848). - Piper perpunctatum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 219 (1916). - Piper pilobracteatum Chaveer. & Sudmoon, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 44: 449 (2006). - Piper sablanum Quisumb., Philipp. J. Sci. 43: 15 (1930). - Piper tenuipedunculum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 460 (1910). - Piper tenuirameum C.DC., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1: 159 (1905). - Piper thwaitesii C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 357 (1869). - Piper villilimbum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 788 (1910). - Piper viminale Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 150 (1828). S Asia east to Malesia and E Australia. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  80. Piper landakanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 290 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  81. Piper lateoblongum S.Moore, J. Bot. 63(Suppl.): 84 (1925); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  82. Piper lauterbachii C.DC., in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 255 (1900); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  83. Piper ledermannii C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 217 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  84. Piper lessertianum (Miq.) C.DC., J. Bot. 4: 164 (1866); POWO (2021). - Chavica lessertiana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 270 (1843). - Ottonia lessertiana (Miq.) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 546 (1844). - Piper biroi K.Schum., in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 238 (1905). - Piper lineatipilum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1009 (1914). - Piper oblongibaccum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 777 (1910). - Piper pseudochavica C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 351 (1869). - Piper viridibaccum Trel., J. Arnold Arbor. 9: 150 (1928). Philippines, Sulawesi, New Guinea. SULAWESI, PAPUA.

  85. Piper longifilamentum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 216 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  86. Piper longipilum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 216 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  87. Piper lutescens C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 355 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  88. Piper macrocarpum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 421 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  89. Piper macrostylum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 211 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  90. Piper maculatum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 199 (1826); POWO (2021). - Chavica maculata (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 256 (1843). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  91. Piper majusculum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 210 (1826); POWO (2021). - Chavica amboinensis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 134 (1863). - Chavica majuscula (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 271 (1843). - Cubeba majuscula (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 34 (1840). - Piper amboinense (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 347 (1869). - Piper febrifugum C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 10 (1912). - Piper inebrians Royle, Ill. Bot. Himal. Mts.: 333 (1836). - Piper kraense Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10: 112 (1920). - Piper leyteanum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 220 (1916). - Piper magicum Reinw. ex Miq., Linnaea 21: 484 (1848). - Piper rotundistigmum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 425 (1910). - Piper subgrande Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 5: 329 (1925). Myanmar, Thailand, and Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  92. Piper malacocarpum K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 259 (1900); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  93. Piper matangaum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 289 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  94. Piper metallicum Hallier f., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 13: 297 (1896); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  95. Piper microstigma (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 351 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica microstigma Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 138 (1863). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  96. Piper mikii M.Hiroe, Hikobia, Suppl. 1: 237 (1981); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  97. Piper mollissimum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 223 (1826); POWO (2021). - Cubeba mollissima (Blume) Miq., in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 2: 84 (1854). - Pothomorphe mollissima (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 46 (1840). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  98. Piper montivagum Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 143 (1916); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  99. Piper mucronulatum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 218 (1826); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  100. Piper muricatum Blume, Catalogus: 33 (1823); POWO (2021). - Piper villosum Blume ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 454 (1859). Thailand, W Malesia, and Philippines. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  101. Piper nagelii C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 365 (1869); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  102. Piper nigroramum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 274 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  103. Piper nigrovirens C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 212 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  104. Piper nigrum L., Sp. Pl.: 28 (1753); POWO (2021). - Muldera multinervis Miq., London J. Bot. 5: 558 (1846). - Muldera wightiana Miq., London J. Bot. 5: 557 (1846). - Piper aromaticum Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1: 79 (1791). - Piper baccatum C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 242 (1869). - Piper colonum C.Presl, Abh. Königl. Böhm. Ges. Wiss., ser. 5, 3: 542 (1845). - Piper denudatum Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 158 (1828). - Piper glabrispica C.DC., Fragm. Fl. Philipp. 1: 155 (1905). - Piper glyphicum Hoffmanns. ex Kunth, Linnaea 13: 573 (1840). - Piper laxum Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1: 326 (1804). - Piper malabarense C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 242 (1869). - Piper nigricans Willd. ex Link, Jahrb. Gewächsk. 1(3): 60 (1820). - Piper nigrum var. hirtellosum Asokan Nair & Ravindran, J. Econ. Taxon. Bot. 10: 167 (1987 publ. 1988). - Piper rotundum Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5(4): 23 (1790). - Piper trioicum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 153 (1820). - Rhyncholepis haeankeana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 284 (1843). Native of India. Introduced to Indonesia.

  105. Piper noveninervium C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 212 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  106. Piper nudipedunculum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 205 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  107. Piper nudiramum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 261 (1916); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  108. Piper nudispicuum C.DC., Annaes Esc. Polytechn. São Paulo 1907: 58 (1907); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  109. Piper obatense O.Schwartz, Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 232 (1931); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  110. Piper obesispicum S.Moore, J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 40 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  111. Piper ornatum N.E.Br., Gard. Chron., n.s., 22: 424 (1884); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  112. Piper pachyarthrum K.Schum. in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 239 (1905); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  113. Piper padangense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 282 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  114. Piper pallidilimbum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1009 (1914); POWO (2021). - Piper peracutilimbum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1005 (1914). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  115. Piper pallidirubrum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 289 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  116. Piper pantjarense C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 272 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  117. Piper parvantherum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 280 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  118. Piper parvipedunculum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1006 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  119. Piper perbarbatum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 354 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  120. Piper perpilosum C.DC., Candollea 1: 211 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  121. Piper philodendon Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 87 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  122. Piper phyllostictum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 340 (1869); POWO (2021). - Cubeba phyllosticta Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 294 (1854). S Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  123. Piper prianamense C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 376 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica multinervia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 473 (1861). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  124. Piper procerifolium C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 300 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  125. Piper protractispicum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1008 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  126. Piper protractum C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 18 (1912); POWO (2021). - Piper fulvirameum C.DC., Candollea 1: 228 (1923). - Piper gegarvum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 287 (1920). Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. SUMATRA.

  127. Piper pseudamboinense C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 206 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  128. Piper puberulispicum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 271 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  129. Piper pubipedunculum C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 354 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  130. Piper pubipes C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 421 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  131. Piper puncticulatum Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 143 (1916); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  132. Piper quinqueangulatum Miq., in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 2: 85 (1854); POWO (2021). - Piper amphibracteum C.DC., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 42: 128 (1914). - Piper cristatum C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 770 (1910). - Piper korthalsii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 139 (1863). - Piper magnibaccum C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 5 (1912). - Piper salticola Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 88 (1923). - Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Islands. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA.

  133. Piper quinquenervium Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 284 (1891); POWO (2021). New Guinea and Solomon Islands. PAPUA.

  134. Piper raapii C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 286 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  135. Piper rafflesii (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 349 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica rafflesii Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 273 (1843). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  136. Piper recessum R.O.Gardner, Blumea 48: 62 (2003); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  137. Piper reinwardtianum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 354 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica reinwardtiana (Miq.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 136 (1863). - Macropiper reinwardtianum Miq., Linnaea 21: 481 (1848). Endemic to Maluku Archipelago. MALUKU.

  138. Piper retrofractum Vahl, Enum. Pl. 1: 314 (1804); POWO (2021). - Amalago antillana Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 84 (1838). - Amalago malamiri Raf., Sylva Tellur.: 84 (1838). - Chavica arnottiana Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 268 (1843). - Chavica chaba Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 251 (1843). - Chavica labillardierei Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 263 (1843). - Chavica maritima Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 262 (1843). - Chavica officinarum Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 256 (1843). - Chavica parvifolia (Blanco) Hassk., Flora 47: 59 (1864). - Chavica retrofracta (Vahl) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 275 (1843). - Cubeba chaba (W.Hunter) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 34 (1840). - Piper arnottianum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 352 (1869). - Piper callosum Opiz, in C.B.Presl, Reliq. Haenk. 1: 152 (1828). - Piper chaba W.Hunter, Asiat. Res. 9: 391 (1809). - Piper hapnium Buch.-Ham. ex Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 5: 86 (1886). - Piper longum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 197 (1826). - Piper maritimum (Miq.) Blume ex C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 356 (1869). - Piper officinarum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 356 (1869). - Piper palawanum C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 11: 210 (1916). - Piper parvifolium Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 23 (1837). - Piper siriboa B.Heyne, in N.Wallich, Numer. List: n.º 6651 B (1832). Mainland SE Asia, Peninsular Malaysia, Philippines, and Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  139. Piper ribesioides Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 1: 79 (1830); POWO (2021). - Cubeba sumatrana Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Cubeba wallichii Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 289 (1843). - Piper pseudorubeba Korth. ex Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 22 (1839). - Piper sumatranum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 343 (1869). India to Vietnam, Sumatra, and Peninsular Malaysia. SUMATRA.

  140. Piper ridleyi C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 19 (1912); POWO (2021). - Piper malaccense C.DC., Rec. Bot. Surv. India 6: 12 (1912). - Piper velutibracteum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 284 (1920). Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, and Philippines. KALIMANTAN.

  141. Piper rindjanense C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 3 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Lombok. NUSA TENGGARA.

  142. Piper rindu C.DC., in A.Koorders-Schumacher, Syst. Verz. 1(53): 8 (1911); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  143. Piper roemeri C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1008 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  144. Piper rostratum Roxb., Fl. Ind. 1: 162 (1820); POWO (2021). - Peperomia rostrata (Roxb.) A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. ed. 6, 1: 153 (1831). - Piper birmanicum C.DC., J. Bot. 4: 163 (1866). - Piper stylosum Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 139 (1863). - Rhyncholepis roxburghii Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 284 (1843). Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Java, and Maluku Archipelago. SUMATRA, JAVA, MALUKU.

  145. Piper rubramentum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 419 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  146. Piper rueckeri K.Schum., in K.M.Schumann & U.M.Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh. Land: 36 (1889); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  147. Piper rufum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1007 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  148. Piper rumphii (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 354 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica rumphii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 141 (1863). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  149. Piper rupicola C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 210 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  150. Piper sapitense C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 22: 2 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  151. Piper sarasinorum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 299 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  152. Piper sarawakanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 285 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  153. Piper sarmentosum Roxb., Asiat. Res. 11: 565 (1810); POWO (2021). - Asiat. Res. 11: 565 (1810), Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 2: 275 (1898). - Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 2: 275 (1898). - Chavica sarmentosa (Roxb.) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 242 (1843). - Peperomia sarmentosa (Roxb.) A.Dietr., Sp. Pl. ed. 6, 1: 161 (1831). - Piper albispicum C.DC., in H.Lecomte (ed.), Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 85 (1910). - Piper allenii C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 441 (1910). - Piper baronii C.DC., Notul. Syst. (Paris) 2: 50 (1911). - Piper brevicaule C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 2: 272 (1898). - Piper diffusum Blume ex Miq., Linnaea 20: 130 (1847). - Piper gymnostachyum C.DC., in H.Lecomte (ed.), Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 72 (1910). - Piper hainana (C.DC.) K.Schum., Just's Bot. Jahresber. 26(1): 363 (1898). - Piper lolot C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 2: 272 (1898). - Piper pierrei C.DC., in H.Lecomte (ed.), Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 78 (1910). - Piper saigonense C.DC., in H.Lecomte (ed.), Fl. Indo-Chine 5: 79 (1910). - Piper siassiense C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 443 (1910). - Piper zamboangae C.DC., Philipp. J. Sci., C 5: 424 (1910). - S to E Asia, mainland SE Asia, Malesia, N to E Australia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  154. Piper schlechteri C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 55: 204 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  155. Piper silvimontanum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 297 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  156. Piper sogerense S.Moore, J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 40 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  157. Piper sogerianum C.DC., Candollea 1: 178 (1923); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  158. Piper squamuliferum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1009 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  159. Piper stenocarpum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 2: 270 (1898); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  160. Piper stenopodum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 419 (1910); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  161. Piper subbullatum K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 262 (1900); POWO (2021). - Piper lageniovarium C.DC., Leafl. Philipp. Bot. 3: 767 (1910). Philippines, New Guinea to Solomon Islands. PAPUA.

  162. Piper subcaniramum C.DC., Candollea 1: 196 (1923); POWO (2021). - Piper trombek P.Royen, Alpine Fl. New Guinea 3: 1278 (1982). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  163. Piper subcordatum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 353 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica subcordata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 138 (1863). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  164. Piper subepunctatum C.DC., Meded. Rijks-Herb. 32: 1 (1918); POWO (2021). Endemic to Maluku Archipelago: Kei Islands. MALUKU.

  165. Piper subseptemnervium (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 377 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica subseptemnervia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 473 (1861). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  166. Piper sulcatum Blume, Catalogus: 34 (1823); POWO (2021). - Cubeba nigrescens (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Cubeba sulcata (Blume) Miq., Comm. Phytogr.: 33 (1840). - Piper nigrescens Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 161 (1826). Thailand, Sumatra, Java, and Philippines. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  167. Piper sundaicum Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 11: 187 (1826); POWO (2021). - Chavica sundaica (Blume) Miq., Syst. Piperac.: 274 (1843). - Piper amplilimbum C.DC., Candollea 1: 218 (1923). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  168. Piper teysmannii (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 345 (1869); POWO (2021). - Chavica teysmannii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 141 (1863). Sulawesi and Maluku. SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  169. Piper tjambae C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 355 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  170. Piper tomohonum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 301 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  171. Piper torricellense Lauterb., in K.M.Schumann & C.A.G.Lauterbach, Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee, Nachtr.: 239 (1905); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  172. Piper truncatibaccum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1006 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  173. Piper ulvifolium K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 259 (1900); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  174. Piper ungaramense C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 243 (1869); POWO (2021). - Muldera cordata Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 17 (1851). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  175. Piper variipilum C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 1005 (1914); POWO (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  176. Piper venosum (Miq.) C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 340 (1869); POWO (2021). - Cubeba venosa Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 295 (1854). - Piper dominantinervium Chaveer. & Mokkamul, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 44: 447 (2006). - Piper polycarpum Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10: 112 (1920). Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  177. Piper versteegii C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 415 (1910); POWO (2021). New Guinea to Bismarck Archipelago. PAPUA.

  178. Piper vestitum C.DC., J. Bot. 4: 166 (1866); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  179. Piper villipedunculum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 291 (1920); POWO (2021). Sumatra and Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  180. Piper villirameum C.DC., Annuaire Conserv. Jard. Bot. Genève 21: 303 (1920); POWO (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  181. Piper wichmannii C.DC., Nova Guinea 8: 418 (1910); POWO (2021). - Piper arbuscula Trel., J. Arnold Arbor. 9: 146 (1928). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  182. Piper winkleri C.DC., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 49: 352 (1913); POWO (2021). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  183. Piper zollingeri C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 364 (1869); POWO (2021). Endemic to Java. JAVA.


ZIPPELIA Blume

  1. Zippelia begoniifolia Blume, in J.J.Roemer & J.A.Schultes, Syst. Veg., ed. 15 bis 7: 1651 (1830); POWO (2021). - Circaeocarpus saururoides C.Y.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 6: 223 (1957). - Piper begoniifolium (Blume) Quisumb., Philipp. J. Sci. 43: 9 (1930). - Piper zippelia C.DC., in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(1): 256 (1869). - Zippelia lappacea Benn., Pl. Jav. Rar.: 76 (1838). SE to E Asia, W Malesia, and the Philippines. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.




References

POWO. 2021. Plants of the World Online. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. Published on the internet; http://www.plantsoftheworldonline.org (accessed 13 August 2021).