Lythraceae

AMMANIA L.

  1. Ammannia auriculata Willd., Hort. Berol. 1 (1803) pl. 7; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 8. - Ammannia auriculata Willd., Hort. Berol. 1 (1803) pl. 7. - Ammannia microcarpa DC., Rev. Lythr. (1826) 93; Prodr. 3 (1828) 78. - Ammannia debilis auct. non Aiton: Moritzi, Syst. Verz. (1846) 12. - Ditheca debilis (Aiton) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1856) 615, p.p., based on misidentification of a Zollinger specimen from Java. All continents including E Java. JAVA.

  2. Ammannia baccifera L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 120; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 11. Africa to S and SE Asia, as well as in Australia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  3. Ammannia dichotoma (Blume) S.G.Panigrahi, Bull. Bot. Surv. India (1979 (‘1976’)) 186; FM. Cryptotheca dichotoma Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1826) 1129. Suffrenia dichotoma (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1856) 616. Ammannia microcarpa auct. non DC.: Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. (1834) 453. Sumatra, Java, S Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands (Lombok, Flores, Timor). SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  4. Ammannia herbacea W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 59 (2014) 14; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 14. Endemic to E Java. JAVA.

  5. Ammannia octandra L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 127; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 14. - Ammanella linearis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1856) 619. India and Sri Lanka, Java (W and E). JAVA.


CUPHEA P.Browne

  1. Cuphea carthagenensis (Jacq.) J.F.Macbr., Publ. Field Columb. Mus., Bot. Ser. 8 (1930) 124; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 19. - Lythrum carthagenense Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 22. Cuphea balsamona Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 2 (1827) 363. Introduced from tropical America, naturalized.

  2. Cuphea hookeriana Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2 (1843) 107; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 19. Native of Mexico and C America. Introduced and naturalized in W Java and Flores.

  3. Cuphea hyssopifolia Kunth in Humb. et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 6 (1823) 199; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 19. Tropical America. Introduced.

  4. Cuphea hookeriana Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2 (1843) 107; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 21. - Cuphea platycentra auct. non Benth.: Lem., Fl. Serres Jard. Eur. 2 (1846) pl. 180. Native of Mexico and W Indies. Introduced.

  5. Cuphea micropetala Kunth in Humb. et al., Nov. Gen. Sp. 6 (1824) 209, t. 551; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 21. Native of Mexico. Introduced and naturalized in Java and Flores.

  6. Cuphea procumbens Ortega, Nov. Rar. Pl. Descr. Dec. (1797) 17; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 21. - Cuphea procumbens Cav., Icon. Descr. Pl. 4 (May 1798) 55, t. 380, nom. superfl. Native of Mexico. Introduced to Indonesia, in W Java running wild.


DUABANGA Buch.-Ham.

  1. D. grandiflora (DC.) Walp.

  2. D. moluccana Blume


LAGERSTROEMIA L.

  1. Lagerstroemia celebica Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (February 1856) 127; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 29. Lagerstroemia hexaptera Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 11, 4 (April 1856) 623. Lagerstroemia riedeliana Oliv., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. (1876) 99. - Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. riedeliana (Oliv.) Furtado & Srisuko (1969) 218, f. 10. Lagerstroemia piriformis Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 4 (1883) 23. Lagerstroemia batitinan S.Vidal, Rev. Pl. Vasc. Filip. (1886) 139. - Lagerstroemia piriformis Koehneforma batitinan (S.Vidal) Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 254, f. 28. Lagerstroemia koehneana K.Schum. in K.Schum. & Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh. Land (1889) 85. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. apiculata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 216, f. 9. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. novoguineensis Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 220, f. 11. Lagerstroemia crassifolia Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 232, f. 17. Lagerstroemia borneensis Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 234, f. 18. Lagerstroemia cristata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 236, f. 19. Lagerstroemia inopinata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 238, f. 20. Lagerstroemia aruensis Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 240, f. 21. Lagerstroemia alatulata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 242, f. 22. Lagerstroemia moluccana Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 244, f. 23. Lagerstroemia piriformis Koehne var. valleculata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 250, f. 26. Lagerstroemia piriformis Koehne var. callosa Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 252, f. 27. Sumatra to New Guinea except Java. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Lagerstroemia engleriana Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 4 (March 1883) 24; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 34. - Lagerstroemia archeriana F.M.Bailey, Syn. Queensl. Fl. (July 1883) 196, 809. - Lagerstroemia subsessilifolia Koehne in Engl., Pflanzenr. 17.IV.216 (1903) 267. - Lagerstroemia dielsiana Mansf., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. (1927) 24. - Lagerstroemia floribunda auct. non Jack: Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 126, t. 41B (based on the cited figure, drawn from material from Timor, the depicted flowers and fruit clearly represent L. engleriana, but there is no material in L from Timor collected before 1856). Eastern Malesia and Australia. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  3. Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack, Malayan Misc. 1, 5 (1820) 38; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 36. - Lagerstroemia turbinata Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 4 (1883) 34. - Lagerstroemia anisoptera Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 4 (1883) 407. - Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack var. brevifolia Craib, Fl. Siam. 1 (1931) 722. - Lagerstroemia floribunda Jack var. subecostata Craib, Fl. Siam. 1 (1931) 722.

    • Lagerstroemia floribunda var. floribunda. Myanmar, Thailand, Indochina, and Peninsular Malaysia. Introduced to Indonesia.

  4. Lagerstroemia indica L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10 (1759) 1076; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 38. Lagerstroemia chinensis L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10 (1759) 1076. Velaga globosa Gaertn. (Sterculiaceae), Fruct. Sem. Pl. (1791) 246, t. 133. Himalaya, China, Indochina, to Japan. Introduced to Indonesia.

  5. Lagerstroemia loudonii Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië (1863) 425 (‘loudoni’); De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 40. - Lagerstroemia tomentosa C.Presl. var. loudonii (Teijsm. & Binn.) C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2 (1979) 578. Native of Thailand. Introduced to Indonesia as ornamental.

  6. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 2 (1851) 306; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 41. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. exapiculata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 213, f. 7: B1–B6, 8. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. ruptilis Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 215, f. 7: D1–D 3. Lagerstroemia ovalifolia Teijsm. & Binn. var. minor Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 216, f. 7: C. Thailand, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, and W Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  7. Lagerstroemia pustulata Furtado & Srisuko, Gard. Bull. Singapore 24 (1969) 222, f. 12; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 44. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  8. Lagerstroemia speciosa (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. 2, 1 (1807) 72; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 45. - Munchausia speciosa L. in Münchh., Hausvater 5 (1770) 357, t. 2. Adambea glabra Lam., Encycl. 1 (1783) 39. Lagerstroemia flos-reginae Retz., Observ. Bot. (1789) 25. Lagerstroemia reginae Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1 (1796) 46, pl. 65. ?Lagerstroemia punctata Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 126. India east to Indochina, Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  9. Lagerstroemia vanosii W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 41 (2013) 96; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 48. Endemic to C Java: Banyumas. JAVA.


LAWSONIA L.

  1. Lawsonia inermis L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 349; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 50. Lawsonia (‘Lausonia’) alba Lam., Encycl. 3, 2 (1792) 106, nom. superfl., combines L. inermis and L. spinosa. Lawsonia spinosa L., Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 349. Introduced in Indonesia.


PEMPHIS J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

  1. Pemphis acidula J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl., ed. 2 (1776) 68, t. 34; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 51. Lythrum pemphis L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1782) 249, nom. superfl. Pemphis acidula J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. var. crassifolia Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 45 (1906) 196. E Africa to E Asia, extend to Polynesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


PUNICA L.

  1. Punica granatum L. Sp. Pl. 1 (1753) 47; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 53. Introduced to Indonesia.


ROTALA L.

  1. Rotala cordata Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1, 2 (1880) 172; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 54. Rotala diversifolia Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 41, 2 (1907) 77. NE India to Vietnam, Sumatra, Sulawesi, New Guinea. SUMATRA, SULAWESI, PAPUA.

  2. Rotala hexandra Wall. ex Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1, 2 (1880) 167; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 57. - Ammannia hexandra Wall., Cat. No. 2103, nom. nud. Myanmar and Hainan, W Java, Philippines. JAVA.

  3. Rotala indica (Willd.) Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1, 2 (1880) 172; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 57. Peplis indica Willd., Sp. Pl. 2, 1 (1799) 244. Ameletia acutidens Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 11 (1856) 617. Iran to E Asia, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara (Lombok). SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  4. Rotala mexicana Cham. & Schltdl., Linnaea 5 (1830) 567; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 58. - Ammannia pygmaea Kurz, J. Bot. 5 (1867) 376. - Rotala pygmaea (Kurz) Rajagopal & Ramayya, Kew Bull. 23 (1969) 465. Widespread in the warmer parts of the world. JAVA, PAPUA.

  5. Rotala rosea (Poir.) C.D.K.Cook ex H.Hara, Enum. Fl. Pl. Nepal 2 (June 1979) 173; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 60. Ammannia rosea Poir. in Lam., Encycl. Suppl. 1 (1810) 329. Ammannia leptopetala Blume, Mus. Bot. 2 (1856) 134. - Rotala leptopetala (Blume) Koehne, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 1, 2 (1880) 162. Rotala leptopetala (Blume) Koehne var. pentamera Koehne in Engl., Pflanzenr. 17.IV.216 (1903) 35. Rotala pentandra auct. non (Roxb.) Blatt. & Hallb.: Leeuwen, Blumea 19 (1971) 55, p.p. India east to Korea and Japan, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Philippines, New Guinea. SUMATRA, JAVA, PAPUA.


SONNERATIA L.f.

  1. Sonneratia alba J.Smith in Rees, Cycl. 33, 2 (1819); Duke & Jacker 1987: 286; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 62. - Rhizophora caseolaris L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 13, p.p. - Sonneratia acida auct. non L. f.: Benth., Fl. Austral. 3 (1866) 301, p.p. - Blatti alba Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 1 (1891) 238. - Sonneratia caseolaris auct. non (L.) Engl.: Engl., Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas C (1895) 286. - Sonneratia pagatpat auct. non Blanco: Merr., Bull. Bur. For. Philipp. 1 (1903) 42. - Sonneratia griffithii auct. non Kurz: Watson, Malayan For. Rec. 6 (1928) 50,55,120, f.24. - Chiratia leucantha Montr., M6m. Acad. Sci. Lyon, Sect. Sci. 10 (1860) 203. - Sonneratia mossambicensis Klotzsch in W. Peters, Naturw. Reise Mossambique 1 (1862) 66, pi. 12. - Sonneratia acida var. mossambicensis (Klotzsch) Mattei, Boll. Reale Orto Bot. Giard. Colon. Palermo 7 (1908) 108. - Sonneratia iriomotensis Masam., Syokubutu-tirigaku (1936) f. 71; Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 29 (1939) 272. - Sonneratia alba J. Smith var. iriomotensis (Masam.) Yamamoto, J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 12 (1940) 162. SE Africa east to Oceania. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engl, in E. & P., Nat.Pfl.Fam.Nachtr. 1 (1897) 261; Duke & Jackers l.c. 289; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 62. - Rhizophora caseolaris L., Herb. Amb. (1754) 13, ex parte. - Sonneratia acida auct. non L. f.: Lam., Encycl. 1 (1785) 429. - Sonneratia rubra Oken, Allg. Naturgesch. 3 (1841) 1952. - Blatti caseolaris Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. 1 (1891) 238; Niedenzu in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 3, 7 (1892) 21, f. 7a-g, p.p. - Sonneratia alba non J.Smith: Fernando & Pancho, Silvatrop. Philipp. For. Res. J. 5 (1980) 51. - Sonneratia acida L. f., Suppl. PI. (1781) 252. - Sonneratia pagatpat Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 424. - Blatti pagatpat Niedenzu in E. & P., Nat. Pfl. Fam. 3, 7 (1892) 21. - Sonneratia ovalis Korth., Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1 (1846) 198. - Sonneratia neglecta Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1851) 338. - Sonneratia evenia Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1851) 337. - Sonneratia obovata Blume, Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 1 (1851) 337. - Sonneratia acida auct. non L. f. var. mucronata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1855) 496, p.p. India east to Oceania. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  3. Sonneratia ovata Backer, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenz. Ill, 2 (1920) 329; Duke & Jackes l.c. 299; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 62. -Sonneratia alba auct.non J.Smith; Watson, Malayan For. Rec. 6 (1928) 50, 55, 122, f. 23. China southeast to New Guinea. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


TRAPA L.

  1. Trapa bicornis Osbeck var. cochinchinensis (Lour.) Glück ex Steenis (= Trapa natans L. var. bicornis (Osbeck) Makino), and T. maximowiczii Korsh.


WOODFORDIA Salisb.

  1. Woodfordia fruticosa (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40 (1871) 56; De Wilde & Duyfjes, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 22 (2016) 64. - Lythrum fruticosum L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10, 2 (1759) 1045. - Grislea tomentosa Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1 (1795) 29, t. 31, nom. superfl. - Woodfordia floribunda Salisb., Parad. Lond. (1806) t. 42, nom. superfl. - Lythrum punctatum Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 202, nom. nud. Madagascar to S Asia east to Malesia. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

References

De Wilde WJJO, Duyfjes BEE. 2016. Lythraceae. Flora Malesiana series 1, 22: 1-64.

Duke NC, Jackes R. A systematic revision of the mangrove genus Sonneratia (Sonneratiaceae) in Australasia. Blumea. 1987;32:277-302.