Gesneriaceae

AESCHYNANTHUS Jack

Synonims: Euthamnus Schltr.; Micraeschynanthus Ridl.; Oxychlamys Schltr.; Rheitrophyllum Hassk.; Trichosporum D.Don

  1. Aeschynanthus albidus (Blume) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 32 (1840). – Bignonia albida Blume, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 9: 195 (1823). – Trichosporum albidum (Blume) Nees, Flora 8: 144 (1825). – Lysionotus albidus (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 765 (1826). – Aeschynanthus purpurascens Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 154 (1844). – Aeschynanthus atropurpureus van Houtte, Hort. Vanhoutt. 1(2): 42 (1846). – Aeschynanthus motleyi C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 20 (1883). – Aeschynanthus motleyi var. sumatrensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 20 (1883). – Trichosporum motleyi (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Aeschynanthus fraserianus Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37: 284 (1906). – Trichsporum fraserianus Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 84[spec. no.]: 530 (1921). West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  2. Aeschynanthus amboinensis (Merr.) M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 55(3): 363 (1998). – Trichosporum amboinensis Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot. 11: 313 (1916). Sulawesi and Maluku. SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  3. Aeschynanthus amoenus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 47 (1883). – Trichosporum amoenum (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  4. Aeschynanthus angustifolius (Blume) Steud., Nomencl. Bot. ed. 2, 1: 32 (1840). – Bignonia angustifolia Blume, Catalogus: 82 (1823). – Trichosporum angustifolium (Blume) Nees, Flora 8: 144 (1825). – Lysionotus angustifolius (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 765 (1826). – Reitrophyllum subverticillatum Hassk., Flora 25 (2): beibl. 56 (1842). – Aeschynanthus tetraquetrus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 38 (1883). – Trichosporum tetraquetrum (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum ternifolium Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 153 (1934). West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  5. Aeschynanthus arfakensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 36 (1883). – Trichosporum arfakense (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Aeschynanthus batesii M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 324 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  7. Aeschynanthus brachyphyllus S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 123 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Aeschynanthus burtii M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 326 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  9. Aeschynanthus caudatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 34 (1883). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  10. Aeschynanthus celebicus Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 627 (1898). Endemic to North Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  11. Aeschynanthus chrysanthus P.Woods, Bot. Mag. (Kew Mag.) 8(1): 19 (1991). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  12. Aeschynanthus citrinus M.Mendum & S.Scott, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63: 67 (2003). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  13. Aeschynanthus cordifolius Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 37: 282 (1906). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  14. Aeschynanthus dasycalyx Hallier f., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indié 56: 342 (1896). – Trichosporum dasycalyx (Hallier f.) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 84[spec. no.]: 529 (1921). Endemic to West Kalimantan. KALIMANTAN.

  15. Aeschynanthus dempoensis S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 73 (1925). Endemic to South Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  16. Aeschynanthus ellipticus K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 541 (1900). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  17. Aeschynanthus elongatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 45 (1883). – Trichosporum elongatum (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Sumatra and Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  18. Aeschynanthus fruticosus Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 79 (1923). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  19. Aeschynanthus geminatus Zoll., Natuur-Geneesk. Arch. Ned.-Indié 2: 574 (1845). – Trichosporum geminatum (Zoll.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  20. Aeschynanthus gesneriflorus S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 124 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  21. Aeschynanthus gjellerupii Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 309 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  22. Aeschynanthus horsfieldii R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 116 (1839). – Trichosporum horsfieldii (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  23. Aeschynanthus intraflavus M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 55: 359 (1998). Endemic to Maluku (Seram). MALUKU.

  24. Aeschynanthus janowskyi Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 308 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  25. Aeschynanthus kermesinus Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 309 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  26. Aeschynanthus leptocladus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 39 (1883). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Aeschynanthus lobaticalyx M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 328 (2004). Endemic to South Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  28. Aeschynanthus longiflorus (Blume) A.DC., Prodr. 9: 262 (1845). – Lysionotus longiflorus Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 766 (1826). – Trichosporum longiflorum (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). S Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  29. Aeschynanthus macrocalyx C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 46 (1883). – Trichosporum macrocalyx (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  30. Aeschynanthus magnificus Stapf, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 4(2): 212 (1894). Sumatra and Borneo. SUMATRA.

  31. Aeschynanthus marginatus Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8: 67 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  32. Aeschynanthus microphyllus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 49 (1883). – Trichosporum microphyllum (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Borneo and Sulawesi. KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  33. Aeschynanthus microtrichus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 51 (1883). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  34. Aeschynanthus miniatus Lindl., Bot. Reg. [S. Edwards] 32: t. 61 (1846). – Trichosporum miniatum (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Java and Borneo. JAVA.

  35. Aeschynanthus nabirensis Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 112 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  36. Aeschynanthus obconicus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 50 (1883). – Trichosporum obconicum (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  37. Aeschynanthus oligodontus (Merr.) , comb. nov. – Trichosporum oligodontum Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 151 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  38. Aeschynanthus oxychlamys M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 52: 362 (1995). – Oxychlamys pullei Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 310 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  39. Aeschynanthus papuanus (Schltr.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 223 (1968). – Euthamnus papuanus Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58: 284 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  40. Aeschynanthus praelongus Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 7: 83 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  41. Aeschynanthus pulcher (Blume) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4: 656 (838). – Trichosporum pulchrum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 764 (1826). – Aeschynanthus parvifolius R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 115 (1839). – Aeschynanthus boschianus de Vriese, Ann. Soc. Agric. Bot. Gand 1: 403 (1845). – Aeschynanthus lobbianus Hook., Bot. Mag. 72: t. 4260 (1846). – Aeschynanthus javanicus Rollinson ex Hook., Bot. Mag. 76: t. 4503 (1850). – Aeschynanthus neesii Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. 3: 56 (1855). – Aeschynanthus lampongus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3: 563 (1861). – Aeschyanthus beccarii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 47 (1883). – Aeschynanthus zollingeri C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 44 (1883). – Trichosporum beccarii (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). – Trichosporum parvifolium (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum boschianum (de Vriese) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum lobbianum (Hook.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum javanicum (Hook.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum zollingeri (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Trichosporum lampongum (Miq.) Burkill, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1935: 319 (1935). S Vietnam, S Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  42. Aeschynanthus pullei Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 270 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  43. Aeschynanthus radicans Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 43 (1823). – Trichosporum radicans (Jack) Nees, Flora 8: 144 (1825). – Aeschynanthus radicans var. robustior C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 41 (1883). S Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  44. Aeschynanthus rhododendron Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 32: 500 (1896). S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  45. Aeschynanthus roseiflorus M.Mendum, Edinburgh J. Bot. 55: 361 (1998). Endemic to Maluku (Seram). MALUKU.

  46. Aeschynanthus rubiginosus Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indié 25: 413 (1863). – Trichosporum rubiginosum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 78 (1891). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  47. Aeschynanthus sojolianus M.Mendum & L.E.R.Galloway, Edinburgh J. Bot. 63: 69 (2006). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  48. Aeschynanthus speciosus Hook., Bot. Mag. 73: t. 4320 (1847). – Trichosporum speciosum (Hook.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). S Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  49. Aeschynanthus suborbiculatus S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 123 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  50. Aeschynanthus teysmannianus Miq., Bot. Zeitung (Berlin) 6: 509 (1848). – Trichosporum teysmannianum (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  51. Aeschynanthus trichocalyx Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Bot. Hamburg 7: 82 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  52. Aeschynanthus tricolor Hook., Bot. Mag. 84: t. 5031 (1858). – Trichosporum tricolor (Hook.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  53. Aeschynanthus viridiflorus Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indié 27: 34 (1864). – Trichosporum viridiflorum (Teijsm. & Binn.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). Sulawesi, Maluku. SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  54. Aeschynanthus volubilis Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 42 (1823). – Trichosporum volubile (Jack) Nees, Flora 8: 144 (1825). – Aeschynanthus obovatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & D.DC.] 5(1): 47 (1883). – Trichosporum obovatum (C.B.Clarke( Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 478 (1891). – Aeschynanthus obovatus var. pallidus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 48 (1883). Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  55. Aeschynanthus wallichii R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 116 (1839). – Aeschynanthus brevicalyx Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 720 (1858). – Trichosporum brevicalyx (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Malay Peninsula and Sumatra. SUMATRA.


AGALMYLA Blume

Synonyms: Dichrotrichum de Vriese; Tetradema Schltr.

  1. Agalmyla affinis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 52 (2002). Endemic to Borneo (North Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  2. Agalmyla aitinyuensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 136 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Agalmyla ambonica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 85 (2002). Endemic to Maluku (Ambon Island). MALUKU.

  4. Agalmyla angiensis (Kaneh. & Hatus.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 78 (2002). – Dichrotrichum angiense Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 114 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea (Arfak Mts.). PAPUA.

  5. Agalmyla angustifolia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 723 (1858). – Agalmyla sericea Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 67 (1917). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  6. Agalmyla beccarii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 57 (1883). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  7. Agalmyla bicolor Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 91 (2002). Endemic to Central Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  8. Agalmyla brevifolia S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 73 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra (Lampung). SUMATRA.

  9. Agalmyla brevipes (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 171 (2002). – Dichrotrichum brevipes C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 54 (1883). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  10. Agalmyla brownii (Koord.) B.L.Burtt, dinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 76. – Didymocarpus brownii Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 551, 628 (1898). – Dichtrotrichum brownii (Koord.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 41 (1962). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  11. Agalmyla columneoides Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 89 (2002). Endemic to Maluku (Halmahera Island). MALUKU.

  12. Agalmyla dentatisepala Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 163 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  13. Agalmyla diandra Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 44 (2002). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  14. Agalmyla elegans (K.Schum. & Lauterb.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 191 (2002). – Dichrotrichum elegans K.Schum. & Lauterb., Nachtr. Fl. Deutsch. Südsee: 375 (1905). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  15. Agalmyla elongata (Blume) B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44: 383 (1999). – Tromsdorffia elongata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 763 (1826). – Morstdorffia elongata (Blume) Steud., Nomencl. ed. 2, 2: 162 (1841). Dichrotrichum ternateum de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Or.: 7, tabs. 1–2 (1856). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  16. Agalmyla exannulata Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 95 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  17. Agalmyla gjellerupii (Schltr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 195 (2002). – Dichrotrichum gjellerupii Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 311 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  18. Agalmyla glabrisepala Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 65 (2002). Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  19. Agalmyla glandulosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 182 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  20. Agalmyla hilliardiae D.J.Middleton & S.Scott, Edinburgh J. Bot. 65(1): 49 (2008). Endemic to Sulawesi (Gorontalo). SULAWESI.

  21. Agalmyla hirta Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 165 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea (Arfak Mts.). PAPUA.

  22. Agalmyla immersinervia Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 204 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  23. Agalmyla inaequidentata Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 82 (2002). Endemic to Maluku (Seram Island). MALUKU.

  24. Agalmyla javanica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 68. Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  25. Agalmyla johannis-winkleri (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 28: 224 (1968). – Dichrotrichum johannis-winkleri Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 84 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  26. Agalmyla kowapiana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 185 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Agalmyla leuserensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 60 (2002). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  28. Agalmyla longiattenuata Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 170 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Agalmyla manuselae Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44: 386 (1999). Endemic to Maluku (Seram Island). MALUKU.

  30. Agalmyla multiflora (Kaneh. & Hatus.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 194 (2002). – Dichrotrichum multoflorum Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 116 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  31. Agalmyla obiana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 75 (2002). Endemic to Maluku (Obi Island). MALUKU.

  32. Agalmyla parasitica (Lam.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 469 (1891). – Justicia parasitica Lam., Ill. Gen.: 42 (1791). – Agalmyla staminea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 767 (1826). Peninsular Malaysia and Java. JAVA.

  33. Agalmyla paromoia Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 162 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  34. Agalmyla parvifolia (S.Moore) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 173 (2002). – Dichrotrichum parvifolium S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 126 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  35. Agalmyla paucipilosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 80 (2002). Endemic to Suawesi (Latimojong Range). SULAWESI.

  36. Agalmyla pulcherrima Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 84 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi (Lore Lindu). SULAWESI.

  37. Agalmyla remotidentata Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 98 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  38. Agalmyla roseoflava Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 90 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  39. Agalmyla scabriflora Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 87 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi (Mekongga Mts.). SULAWESI.

  40. Agalmyla similis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 203 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Agalmyla singularis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 99 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  42. Agalmyla sojoliana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 78 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi (Mt. Sojol). SULAWESI.

  43. Agalmyla stellifera Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 72 (2002). Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  44. Agalmyla stenosiphon Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 174 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  45. Agalmyla tamrauana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 168 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  46. Agalmyla tobensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 58 (2002). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  47. Agalmyla torajiana Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(2): 323 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  48. Agalmyla triflora (Valeton) B.L.Burtt, Blumea 44: 389 (1999). – Dichrotrichum triflorum Valeton, Bull. Dept. Agric. Ind. Neerl. 10: 57 (1907). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  49. Agalmyla valetoniana (Lauterb.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 183 (2002). – Dichrotrichum valetonianum Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 325 (1909). – Dichrotrichum amabile S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 124 (1916). – Dichrotrichum concinnum S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 125 (1916). – Dichrotrichum vanderwateri S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 125 (1916). – Dichrotrichum lateritium S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 126 (1916). – Dichrotrichum splendidum Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60: 289, 292 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  50. Agalmyla vogelii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 94 (2002). Endemic to Central Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  51. Agalmyla wekariensis Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 166 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  52. Agalmyla wildeorum Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 61 (2002). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  53. Agalmyla wondiwoiana Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 59(1): 134 (2002). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


BECCARINDA Kuntze

Synonyms: Petrodoxa Anthony; Slackia Griff.

  1. Beccarinda sumatrana B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 378 (1998). Endemic to South Sumatra. SUMATRA.


BOEA Comm. ex Lam.

  1. Boea urvillei C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 147 (1883). Endemic to New Guinea (Raja Ampat Islands). PAPUA.

CODONOBOEA Ridl.

Synonym: Platyadenia B.L.Burtt

  1. Codonoboea alternifolia (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 388 (2013). – Didymocarpus alternifolius C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 106 (1883). – Paraboea alternifolia (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 46 (1962). – Henckelia alternifolia (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 339 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Codonoboea amoena (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 388 (2013). – Didymocarpus amoenus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 87 (1883). – Henckelia amoena (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Checkl. Fl. Pl. Gymnosperms Brunei Darussalam [M.J.E. Coode et al.]: 438 (1996). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Codonoboea angustifolia (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 388 (2013). – Didymocarpus angustifolius C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 89 (1883). – Henckelia angustifolia (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 339 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  4. Codonoboea battamensis (Ridl.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 389 (2013). – Didymocarpus battamensis Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 49: 22 (1908). – Henckelia battamensis (Ridl.) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 340 (1998). Endemic to Riau Archipelago. SUMATRA.

  5. Codonoboea beccarii (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 389 (2013). – Didymocarpus beccarii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 89 (1883). – Henckelia beccarii (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 340 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  6. Codonoboea bullata (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 389 (2013). – Didymocarpus bullatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 92 (1883). – Henckelia bullata (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 339 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  7. Codonoboea corniculata (Jack) D.J.Middleton, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 389 (2013). – Didymocarpus corniculatus Jack, Malayan Misc. 1(2): 4 (1820). – Henckelia corniculata (Jack) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4(2): 13 (1827). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  8. Codonoboea crenata (Baker) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 389 (2013). – Didymocarpus crenatus Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1896: 25 (1896). – Henckelia crenata (Baker) B.L.Burtt, Checkl. Fl. Pl. Gymnosperms Brunei Darussalam [M.J.E. Coode et al.]: 438 (1996). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  9. Codonoboea crinita (Jack) C.L.Lim, Gard. Bull. Singapore 62(2): 258 (2011). – Didymocarpus crinitus Jack, Malayan Misc. 1(2): 1 (1820). – Henckelia crinita (Jack) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4(2): 13 (1827). Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  10. Codonoboea dentata (Ridl.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus dentatus Ridl., J. Linn. Soc. 32: 515 (1896). – Henckelia battamensis (Ridl.) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 343 (1998). Endemic to Riau Archipelago. SUMATRA.

  11. Codonoboea elegans (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus elegans C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 88 (1883). – Henckelia elegans (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 344 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  12. Codonoboea follicularis (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus follicularis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 98 (1883). – Henckelia follicularis (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 345 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  13. Codonoboea gracilipes (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus gracilipes C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 97 (1883). – Henckelia gracilipes (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Checkl. Fl. Pl. Gymnosperms Brunei Darussalam [M.J.E. Coode et al.]: 438 (1996). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  14. Codonoboea humilis (Miq.) A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 788 (2011). Chirita humilis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 729 (1858). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  15. Codonoboea kjellbergii (B.L.Burtt) Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 69(2): 360 (2012). – Henckelia kjellbergii B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 738 (1998). Sulawesi, Maluku, New Guinea. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  16. Codonoboea koerperi (B.L.Burtt) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus koerperi B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 47: 236 (1990). – Henckelia koerperi (B.L.Burtt) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 347 (1998). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  17. Codonoboea kompsoboea (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 390 (2013). – Didymocarpus kompsoboea C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 92 (1883). – Henckelia kompsoboea (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 347 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  18. Codonoboea lanceolata (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 391 (2013). – Didymocarpus lanceolatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 89 (1883). – Henckelia lanceolata (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 348 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  19. Codonoboea lecptocalyx (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 391 (2013). – Didymocarpus leptocalyx C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 91 (1883). – Henckelia leptocalyx (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 348 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  20. Codonoboea mollis (Miq.). Chirita mollis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 728 (1858). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  21. Codonoboea nervosa (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 391 (2013). – Didymocarpus nervosus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 95 (1883). – Henckelia nervosa (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 350 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  22. Codonoboea punctata (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus punctatus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 90 (1883). – Henckelia punctata (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 353 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  23. Codonoboea racemosa (Jack) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus racemosus Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 34 (1823). – Henckelia racemosa (Jack) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4(2): 13 (1827). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  24. Codonoboea reticulosa (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus reticulosus C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 90 (1883). – Henckelia reticulosa (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 354 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  25. Codonoboea scabrinervia (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus scabrinervius C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 91 (1883). – Henckelia scabrinervia (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 355 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  26. Codonoboea serrata (R.Br.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus serratus R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 119 (1839). – Henckelia serrata (R.Br.) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 356 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  27. Codonoboea simplex (Kraenzl.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus simplex Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 88 (1927). – Henckelia simplex (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 356 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  28. Codonoboea teres (C.B.Clarke) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 392 (2013). – Didymocarpus teres C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 88 (1883). – Henckelia teres (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 357 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  29. Codonoboea vulcanica (Ridl.) A.Weber, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 393 (2013). – Didymocarpus vulcanicus Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 80 (1923). – Henckelia vulcanica (Ridl.) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 359 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

CYRTANDRA J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.

Synonyms: Cyrtandroidea F.Br.; Protocyrtandra Hosok.; Whitia Blume

  1. Cyrtandra albiflora Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 174 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  2. Cyrtandra anisophylla C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 249 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  3. Cyrtandra arborescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 773 (1826). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  4. Cyrtandra arfakensis Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 333 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Cyrtandra augusti Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 316 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Cyrtandra aurea Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 29 (1823). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  7. Cyrtandra aureotincta Bramley & Cronk, Harvard Pap. Bot. 7(2): 419 (2003). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  8. Cyrtandra axillaris C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 260 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  9. Cyrtandra balgooyi H.J.Atkins & Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 78: 364-19 (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  10. Cyrtandra bataviensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 215 (1883). Java. JAVA.

  11. Cyrtandra beccarii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 249 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  12. Cyrtandra bicolor Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 27 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  13. Cyrtandra boliohutensis Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 178 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  14. Cyrtandra brevicaulis Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 70 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  15. Cyrtandra bruteliana Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 550, 627 (1898). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  16. Cyrtandra bungahijau Bramley & H.J.Atkins, Kew Bull. 74: 29-2 (2019). Endemic to New Guinea (Yapen Island). PAPUA.

  17. Cyrtandra burleyana B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61: 149 (2005). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  18. Cyrtandra calyptribracteata Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 396 (1950). Endemic to East Java. JAVA.

  19. Cyrtandra capitellata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 259 (1883). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  20. Cyrtandra caudata Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 120 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  21. Cyrtandra celebica Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 772 (1826). – Cyrtandra coccinea var. celebica (Blume) C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 256 (1883). – Cyrtandra rhizantha Kraenzl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 37: 277 (1906). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  22. Cyrtandra cerea Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 106 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  23. Cyrtandra chlamydocalyx Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 340 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  24. Cyrtandra coccinea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 772 (1826). Java and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  25. Cyrtandra confusa Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 347 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  26. Cyrtandra consimilis S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 130 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  27. Cyrtandra cordifolia de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 16 (1856). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  28. Cyrtandra cryptantha Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 339 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Cyrtandra cuneata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 773 (1826). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  30. Cyrtandra dajakorum Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 108 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  31. Cyrtandra debilis Kraenzl., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 24: 219 (1928). Endemic to Borneo (South Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  32. Cyrtandra decurrens de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 14 (1856). Maluku and New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  33. Cyrtandra dispar DC., Prodr. 9: 282 (1845). S Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  34. Cyrtandra dissimilis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 207 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  35. Cyrtandra disticha Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 327 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  36. Cyrtandra dolichocarpa Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 102 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  37. Cyrtandra elbertii Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 396 (1950). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  38. Cyrtandra elegans Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 329 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  39. Cyrtandra engleri Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 628 (1898). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  40. Cyrtandra eriantha Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 321 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Cyrtandra eriophylla S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 128 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  42. Cyrtandra fasciata H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 309 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  43. Cyrtandra fenestrata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 233 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  44. Cyrtandra filisecta B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61: 151 (2005). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  45. Cyrtandra flabelligera Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 69 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  46. Cyrtandra flabelliifolia S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 75 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  47. Cyrtandra flavescens Blumea, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 772 (1826). Endemic to Java (Nusa Kambangan Island). JAVA.

  48. Cyrtandra flavomaculata H.J.Atkins & Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 78: 364-35 (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  49. Cyrtandra flexiramea Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 340 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  50. Cyrtandra floccosa R.Bone & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 457 (2013). Endemic to Sulawesi (Latimojong Range). SULAWESI.

  51. Cyrtandra foliosa S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 129 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  52. Cyrtandra foveolata Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 107 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  53. Cyrtandra frutescens Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 31 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  54. Cyrtandra fulvisericea Bramley, Blumea 50(1): 173 (2005). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  55. Cyrtandra gambutensis Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 180 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  56. Cyrtandra geesinkiana B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 47(3): 214 (1990). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  57. Cyrtandra geocarpa Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 627 (1898). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  58. Cyrtandra gjellerupii Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 861 (1912). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  59. Cyrtandra glabra Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 28 (1823). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  60. Cyrtandra gorontaloensis H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 307 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  61. Cyrtandra grandis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 773 (1826). – Cyrtandra ampla C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 259 (1883). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  62. Cyrtandra hekensis Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 182 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  63. Cyrtandra hendrianii Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 185 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  64. Cyrtandra heterophylla de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 15 (1856). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  65. Cyrtandra hirsuta Jack, Trans Linn. Soc. London 14: 27 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  66. Cyrtandra hirta Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 329 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  67. Cyrtandra hispidula Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 187 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  68. Cyrtandra holodasys Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 747 (1858). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  69. Cyrtandra homoplastica S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 131 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  70. Cyrtandra humilis Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 769 (1826). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  71. Cyrtandra hypogaea Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 628 (1898). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  72. Cyrtandra impar Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 97 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  73. Cyrtandra impressivenia C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 212 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  74. Cyrtandra incompta Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 29 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  75. Cyrtandra insignis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1); 263 (1883). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  76. Cyrtandra insularis Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1926: 75 (1926). Endemic to Sumatra (Mentawai Islands). SUMATRA.

  77. Cyrtandra integrifolia C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 248 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  78. Cyrtandra jabiensis Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 315 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  79. Cyrtandra janowskyi Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 316 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA

  80. Cyrtandra jellesmanii Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 628 (1898). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  81. Cyrtandra kalimantana B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 56: 374 (1999). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  82. Cyrtandra kalyptantha Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 330 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  83. Cyrtandra kinhoi Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 190 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  84. Cyrtandra kjellbergii R.Bone & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 460 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi (Latimojong Range). SULAWESI.

  85. Cyrtandra klossii S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 131 (1916). Endemic to Neew Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  86. Cyrtandra kostermansii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Kew Bull. 59: 255 (2004). Endemic to Borneo (East Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  87. Cyrtandra lanceolifera S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 129 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  88. Cyrtandra ligulifera C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 252 (1883). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  89. Cyrtandra locuples S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 75 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  90. Cyrtandra longirostris de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 12 (1856). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  91. Cyrtandra longistamina H.J.Atkins & Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 78): 364-68 (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  92. Cyrtandra lorentzii Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 326 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  93. Cyrtandra luteiflora H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 311 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  94. Cyrtandra macrobracteata Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 118 (1943). Endemi cto New Guinea. PAPUA.

  95. Cyrtandra macrophylla Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 25 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  96. Cyrtandra maculata Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 26 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  97. Cyrtandra magnoliifolia Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 106 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  98. Cyrtandra megalocrater Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 111 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  99. Cyrtandra melinocalyx Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 361 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  100. Cyrtandra membranacea Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 71 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  101. Cyrtandra minor S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 75 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  102. Cyrtandra mirabilis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 283 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  103. Cyrtandra mollis de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 16 (1856). – Cyrtandra vriesii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC] 5(1): 237 (1883). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  104. Cyrtandra multibracteata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 253 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  105. Cyrtandra multinervis Karton. & R.Bone, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 193 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  106. Cyrtandra nabirensis Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 122 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  107. Cyrtandra navicellata Zipp. ex C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 240 (1883). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  108. Cyrtandra nemorosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 771 (1826). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  109. Cyrtandra nitida Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 196 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  110. Cyrtandra oblongifolia (Blume) Benth & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 2: 1013 (1876). – Whitia oblongifolia Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenzorg: 17, 86 (1823). – Cyrtandra carnosa Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 50. – Whitia carnosa (Jack) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 775 (1826). – Cyrtandra rufa Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 398 (1950). Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java, Borneo, Philippines. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  111. Cyrtandra oligantha Korth. ex C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 241 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  112. Cyrtandra palimasanica Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 62: 155 (2006). Endemic to Borneo (East Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  113. Cyrtandra pandurata Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 81 (1923). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  114. Cyrtandra paravelutina Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61: 143 (2005). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  115. Cyrtandra parvicalyx H.J.Atkins & Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 78: 364-82 (2021). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  116. Cyrtandra parvifructa Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 62: 157 (2006). Endemic to Borneo (Central Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  117. Cyrtandra patentiserrata Bramley & Cronk, Harvard Pap. Bot. 7(2): 420 (2003). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  118. Cyrtandra pauciflora Ridl., J. Malay Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 81 (1923). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  119. Cyrtandra paxiana Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 540 (1910). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  120. Cyrtandra peltata Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 30 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  121. Cyrtandra pendula Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 770 (1826). S Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  122. Cyrtandra penduliflora Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 100 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  123. Cyrtandra penduliflora var. grossipilosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Gard. Bull. Singapore 55: 42 (2003). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  124. Cyrtandra perplexa S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 74 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA

  125. Cyrtandra phaeotricha Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 317 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  126. Cyrtandra phoenicea C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 256 (1883). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  127. Cyrtandra phoenicolasia Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 541 (1910). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  128. Cyrtandra picta Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 769 (1826). – Cyrtandra longepetiolata de Vriese, Pl. Bat. Orient.: 12 (1856). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  129. Cyrtandra pilosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 770 (1826). Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  130. Cyrtandra plicata Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 62: 224 (2006). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  131. Cyrtandra poikilophylla Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 109 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  132. Cyrtandra polyneura (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 47(3): 225 (1990). – Cyrtandra decurrens var. polyneura C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 233 (1883). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  133. Cyrtandra populifolia Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 741 (1858). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  134. Cyrtandra producta Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 95 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  135. Cyrtandra prostrata Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 104 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  136. Cyrtandra pulleana Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 862 (1912). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  137. Cyrtandra purpurea H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 313 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  138. Cyrtandra purpureofucata R.Bone & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 461 (2013). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  139. Cyrtandra quercifolia S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 130 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  140. Cyrtandra quinquenotata Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 105 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  141. Cyrtandra rantemarioensis Karton. & R.Bone, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 198 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi (Latimojong Range). SULAWESI.

  142. Cyrtandra ramunculosa Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61: 140 (2005). Endemic to Borneo (East Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  143. Cyrtandra reinwardtii (C.B.Clarke) Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 397 (1950). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  144. Cyrtandra repens de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 14 (1856). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  145. Cyrtandra reticosa C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 212 (1883). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.Cyrtandra rhyncanthera C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 233 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  146. Cyrtandra rhynchothecoides Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 121 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  147. Cyrtandra robusta Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 112 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  148. Cyrtandra roemeri Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 860 (1912). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  149. Cyrtandra rosea Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 70 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  150. Cyrtandra roseiflora H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 318 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  151. Cyrtandra rostrata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 771 (1826). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  152. Cyrtandra rubra de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 16 (1856). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  153. Cyrtandra rubribracteata Karton. & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 75(2): 201 (2018). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  154. Cyrtandra rubiginosa Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 32 (1823). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  155. Cyrtandra rubriflora P.E.Sm. & H.J.Atkins, Rheedea 30(1): 159 (2020). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  156. Cyrtandra rubropicta Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot Hamburg 7: 98 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  157. Cyrtandra sagetorum Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 358 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  158. Cyrtandra sandei de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 14 (1856). Sumatra, Java, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi. SUMATRA, JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA, SULAWESI.

  159. Cyrtandra saniensis Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 359 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  160. Cyrtandra scutata S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 76 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  161. Cyrtandra serratifolia H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 313 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  162. Cyrtandra serratobracteata Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 538 (1910). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  163. Cyrtandra siporensis Olivar, Taxon 71 (2022) . Cyrtandra chiritoides Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1926: 75 (1926). Endemic to Sumatra (Mentawai Islands). SUMATRA.

  164. Cyrtandra sororia Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58(4): 356 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  165. Cyrtandra spectabilis R.Bone & H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 70(3): 463 (2013). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  166. Cyrtandra spicata de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 13 (1856). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI

  167. Cyrtandra splendens C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 209 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  168. Cyrtandra stenoptera Bramley & Cronk, Harvard Pap. Bot. 7(2): 417 (2003). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  169. Cyrtandra strictipes Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot Hamburg 7: 109 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  170. Cyrtandra suberosa Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 329 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  171. Cyrtandra subgrandis B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 30: 39 (1970). Cyrtandra grandis Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot Hamburg 7: 110 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  172. Cyrtandra sulcata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 770 (1826). Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI.

  173. Cyrtandra tenebrosa B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 47(3): 230 (1990). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  174. Cyrtandra tenuicarpa H.J.Atkins, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 316 (2004). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  175. Cyrtandra teres C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 207 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  176. Cyrtandra teysmannii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 741 (1858). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  177. Cyrtandra toreniiflora B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 61: 156 (2005). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  178. Cyrtandra treubiana Schltr., Nova Guinea 14: 318 (1926). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  179. Cyrtandra trichodon Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 70 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra (Kerinci Range). SUMATRA.

  180. Cyrtandra trisepala C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 253 (1883). – Cyrtandra producta Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 95 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  181. Cyrtandra umbellata de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 13 (1856). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  182. Cyrtandra urceolata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 236 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  183. Cyrtandra velutina Korth. ex C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 208 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN

  184. Cyrtandra versteegii Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 329 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  185. Cyrtandra viridescens C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 247 (1883). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  186. Cyrtandra vittata Bramley & H.J.Atkins, Kew Bull. 74: 29-4. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  187. Cyrtandra vulpina (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 36: 178 (1978). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  188. Cyrtandra warburgiana Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 540 (1910). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  189. Cyrtandra wentiana Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 328 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  190. Cyrtandra wichmanniana Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58: 364 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  191. Cyrtandra widjajae Karton., Reinwardtia 14(1): 6 (2014). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  192. Cyrtandra winkleri Lauterb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 44: 539 (1910). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  193. Cyrtandra wollastonii S.Moore, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 128 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea (Jayawijaya Mts.). PAPUA.

  194. Cyrtandra zippelii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 239 (1883). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  195. Cyrtandra zollingeri C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 258 (1883). Endemic to Java. JAVA.


CYRTANDROPSIS Lauterb.

  1. Cyrtandropsis monoica Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 331 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Cyrtandropsis nabirensis Kaneh. & Hatus., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 374 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


DAMRONGIA Kerr ex Craib

  1. Damrongia sumatrana (B.L.Burtt) C.Puglisi, Taxon 65: 285 (2016). Streptocarpus sumatranus B.L.Burtt, Notes. Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 48 (1962). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.


DIDISSANDRA C.B.Clarke

Synonym: Ellobum Blume

  1. Didissandra brachycarpa A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 217 (1998). Endemic to North Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  2. Didissandra elongata (Jack) C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 67 (1883). – Didymocarpus elongatus Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 37 (1823). – Henckelia elogata (Jack) Spreng., Syst. Veg., ed. 16, 4(2): 13 (1827). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  3. Didissandra elongata subsp. burleyi A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 211 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra (Riau). SUMATRA.

  4. Didissandra elongata subsp. minor (Ridl.) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 211 (1998). – Didissandra minor Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1926: 75 (1926). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  5. Didissandra elongata subsp. montanum (Blume) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 213 (1998). – Ellobum montanum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 747 (1826). – Vandellia ellobum Benth., Prodr. [A.DC.] 10: 417 (1846). – Lobelia ellobum (Benth.) Koord., Exkurs.-Fl. Java 3: 179 (1912). – Didissandra montana (Blume) Bakh.f., Fl. Males. Bull. 1(3): 73 (1948). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  6. Didissandra elongata subsp. ternata (Miq.) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 216 (1998). – Didymocarpus ternatus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3: 564 (1861). – Roettlera ternata (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). Endemic to Sumatra (Riau). SUMATRA.

  7. Didissandra sprengelii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 68 (1883). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  8. Didissandra triflora C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 69 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  9. Didissandra wildeana A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 218 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.


DORCOCERAS Bunge

  1. Dorcoceras philippense (C.B.Clarke) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58: 259 (1923). – Boea philippensis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 146 (1883). China, Hainan, Vietnam, Philippines, Sulawesi and Lesser Sunda Islands. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.


EPITHEMA Blume

Synonym: Aikinia R.Br.

  1. Epithema benthamii C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 180 (1883). – Epithema brunonis var. scabridum C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 178 (1883). – Epithema calcicola Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 125 (1943). East Malesia. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Epithema horsfieldii (R.Br.) A.DC., Prodr. 9: 279 (1845). – Aikinia horsfieldii R.Br., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 66 (1832). – Epithema difformis Span., Linnaea 15: 331 (1841). – Epithema horsfieldii var. epiphyllum Hiliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 112 (1997). Java, Lesser Sunda to Sulawesi. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA, SULAWESI.

  3. Epithema involucratum (Roxb.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 308 (1958). Gratiola involucrate Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. 1: 138 (1820). – Epithema roxburghii A.DC., Prodr. 9: 279 (1845). – Aikinia brunonis Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 66 (1832). – Epithema brunonis (Wall.) Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3: 404 (1834). East Malesia. NUSA TENGGARA, SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  4. Epithema longipetiolatum (Merr.) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 112 (1997). – Epithema brunonis var. longipetiolatum Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot. 11: 313 (1916). East Malesia. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  5. Epithema longitubum Hillirad & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 112 (1997). Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  6. Epithema membranaceum (King) Kiew, Malayan Nat. J. 38(3): 36 (1985). – Argostemma membranaceum King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 72: 145 (1903). Thailand, Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra.

  7. Epithema sarawakense Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 113 (1997). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  8. Epithema saxatile Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 738 (1826). Indochina to Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  9. Epithema steenisii Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 113 (1997). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  10. Epithema strigosum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 113 (1997). – Epithema brunonis var. strigosum C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 179 (1883). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  11. Epithema tenerum (C.B.Clarke) Hilliard & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 54: 113 (1997). – Epithema brunonis var. tenerum C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 180 (1883). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.


HEXATHECA C.B.Clarke

  1. Hexatheca fulva C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 194 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Hexatheca johannis-winkleri Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 93 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

LIEBIGIA Endl.

Synonyms: Bilabium Miq.

  1. Liebigia adenonema (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita adenonema Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 381 (2004). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  2. Liebigia barbata (Jack) D.J.Middleton, Gard. Bull. Singapore 66(1): 57 (2014). – Didymocarpus barbatus Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 38 (1823). – Agalmyla asperifolia Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned Ind. 14: 767 (1826). – Tromsdorffia speciosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned Ind. 14: 763 (1826). – Liebigia speciosa (Blume) DC., Prodr. 9: 259 (1845). – Busea asperifolia (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 733 (1858). – Chirita spectabilis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3: 564 (1861). – Dichrotrichum asperifolium (Blume) C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 54 (1883). – Chirita blumei C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 122 (1883). – Chirita forbesii S.Moore, J. Bot. 37: 175 (1899). – Chirita forbesii Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 44: 60 (1905). – Tetradema asperifolium (Blume) Schltr., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Mus. Berlin-Dahlem 7: 361 (1920). – Chirita ridleyana S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 74 (1925). – Didymocarpus asperifolius (Blume) Bakh.f., Beknopte Fl. Java [C.A. Backer], Afl. ix a. Fam. 195: 8 (1949). – Chirita asperifolia (Blume) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 41 (1962). Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  3. Liebigia dissimilis (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita dissimilis Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 372 (2004). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Liebigia glabra (Miq.) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita glabra Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 729 (1858). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  5. Liebigia horsfieldii (R.Br.) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita horsfieldii R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 117 (1839). – Chirita scaberrima R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 117 (1839). – Liebigia bracteosa Zoll. & Moritzi, Natuur. Geneesk. Arch. Neerl. Indie 2: 574 (1845). – Chirita bracteosa (Zoll. & Moritzi) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 728 (1858). – Chirita horsfieldii var. scaberrima (R.Br.) C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 124 (1883). – Roettlera horsfieldii (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 475 (1891). Java and Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali). JAVA, BALI.

  6. Liebigia leuserensis (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita leuserensis Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 383 (2004). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  7. Liebigia limans (Miq.) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Bilabium limans Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 730 (1858). – Chirita bilabium C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 127 (1883). – Roettlera limans (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 476 (1891). – Chirita limans (Miq.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 21: 196 (1954). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  8. Liebigia neoforbesii (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita neoforbesii Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 368 (2004). – Chirita blumei var. cordifolia S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 74 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  9. Liebigia polyneura (Miq.) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita polyneura Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 728 (1858). – Chirita polyneura var. albiflora Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 2: 728 (1858). – Chirita spectabilis var. pedicellata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 124 (1883). – Chirita alba Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 68 (1917). – Chirita glabra var. intermedia Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 68 (1917). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  10. Liebigia praeterita (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 779 (2011). – Chirita praeterita Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 370 (2004). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  11. Liebigia tenuipes (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 780 (2011). – Chirita tenuipes Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 384 (2004). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  12. Liebigia tobaensis (Hilliard) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, Taxon 60(3): 780 (2011). – Chirita tobaensis Hilliard, Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 379 (2004). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.


LOXOCARPUS R.Br.

  1. Loxocarpus caulescens B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 44 (1962). – Henckelia caulescens (B.L.Burtt) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 342 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  2. Loxocarpus conicapsularis (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 45 (1962). – Didymocarpus conicapsualris C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 100 (1883). – Roettlera conicapsularis (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 476 (1891). – Henckelia conicapsularis (B.L.Burtt) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 342 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Loxocarpus meijeri B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 45 (1962). – Henckelia meijeri (B.L.Burtt) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 350 (1998). Endemic to West Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Loxocarpus repens B.L.Burtt, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 85: 24 (1982). – Henckelia procumbens B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 353 (1998). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  5. Loxocarpus rufescens (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 22: 309 (1958). – Didymocarpus rufescens C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 99 (1883). – Roettlera rufescens (C.B.Clarke) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 477 (1891). – Didymocarpus johannis-winkleri Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 89 (1927). – Henckelia rufescens (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 355 (1998). Sumatra (Lingga Island) and Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  6. Loxocarpus sericeus (Ridl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 31: 49 (1971). – Didymocarpus sericeus Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 513 (1896). – Henckelia sericea (Ridl.) A.Weber & B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol Pflanzen 70: 356 (1998). Endemic to Sumatra (Lingga Island). SUMATRA.

  7. Loxocarpus stapfii (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 46 (1962). – Didymocarpus stapfii Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 89 (1927). – Henckelia stapfii (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 356 (1998). Sumatra (Lingga Island) and Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.


LOXONIA Jack

Synonym: Loxophyllum Blume

  1. Loxonia burttiana A.Weber, Pl. Syst. Evol. 127: 209 (1977). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Loxonia discolor Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 40 (1823). Endemic to Southern Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  3. Loxonia hirsuta Jack, Trans. Linn. Soc. London 14: 41 (1823). – Loxophyllum racemosum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 751 (1826). – Loxonia acuminata R.Br., Pl. Jav. Rar. [J.R. Bennet]: 105 (1840). West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.


MICROCHIRITA (C.B.Clarke) Y.Z.Wang

  1. Microchirita caerulea (R.Br.) Y.Z.Wang, J. Syst. Evol. 49: 60 (2011). Java and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.


MONOPHYLLAEA R.Br.

Synonym: Moultonia Balf.f. & W.W.Sm.

  1. Monophyllaea anthocrena B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 35 (1978). Endemic to Sulawesi. Sulawesi.

  2. Monophyllaea brevipes S.Moore, Trns. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 127 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Monophyllaea caulescens B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 45 (1978). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Monophyllaea chinii B.L.Burtt, Gard. Bull. Singapore 54: 241 (2002). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  5. Monophyllaea eymae B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 30 (1978). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  6. Monophyllaea furcipila Ohwi, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 57: 127 (1943). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  7. Monophyllaea glauca C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 182 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  8. Monophyllaea hirtella Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 3: 564 (1861). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  9. Monophyllaea horsfieldii R.Br., Pl. Jav. Rar. [J.R. Bennet]: 115 (1840). – Monophyllaea pygmaea C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 183 (1883). West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  10. Monophyllaea johannis-winkleri Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 91 (1927). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.Monophyllaea kostermansii B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 38 (1978). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  11. Monophyllaea leuserensis B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 38 (1978). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.Monophyllaea merriliana Kraenzl., Philipp. J. Sci., Bot. 8: 168 (1913). Sulawesi and Philippines. SULAWESI.

  12. Monophyllaea papuana Lauterb., Nova Guinea 8: 326 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  13. Monophyllaea ramosa B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 36 (1978). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  14. Monophyllaea singularis (Balf.f. & W.W.Sm.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 37 (1978). – Moultonia singularis Balf.f. & W.W.Sm., Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 8: 349 (1915). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  15. Monophyllaea stellata B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 35 (1978). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  16. Monophyllaea wildeana B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 37: 57 (1978). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.


PARABOEA (C.B.Clarke) Ridl.

Synonyms: Buxiphyllum W.T.Wang & C.Z.Gao; Chlamydoboea Stapf; Phylloboea Benth.; Trisepalum C.B.Clarke

  1. Paraboea berouwensis Z.R.Xu & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 2 (1991). Endemic to Borneo (East Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  2. Paraboea detergibilis (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 46 (1962). – Didymocarpus detergibilis C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 107 (1883). Sumatra and Borneo. SUMATRA.

  3. Paraboea kalimantanensis Z.R.Xu & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 3 (1991). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  4. Paraboea leporina (H.J.Lam) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 431 (1984). – Boea leporina H.J.Lam, Blumea 5: 580 (1965). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  5. Paraboea leuserensis B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 431 (1984). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  6. Paraboea mataensis Z.R.Xu & B.L.Burtt, Edinburgh J. Bot. 48: 5 (1991). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  7. Paraboea minahassae (Teijsm. & Binn.) B.L.Burtt, Kew Bull. 3: 56 (1948). – Boea minahassae Teijsm. & Binn., Tijdschr. Ned. Ind. 25: 415 (1863). – Didymocarpus minahassae (Teijsm. & Binn.) H.O.Forbes, J. Linn.Soc., Bot. 19: 298 (1882). Endemic to North SUlawesi. SULAWESI.

  8. Paraboea minuta (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 47 (1962). – Didymocarpus minutus Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 88 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  9. Paraboea paniculata (Ridl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 434 (1984). – Boea paniculata Ridl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 519 (1896). Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  10. Paraboea primuloides Z.R.Xu, Edinburgh J. Bot. 65(2): 293 (2008). – Didymocarpus primuloides Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 90 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  11. Paraboea scabriflora B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 437 (1984). Endemic to Sumatra (Aceh). SUMATRA.

  12. Paraboea schefferi (H.O.Forbes) B.L.Burtt, Kew Bull. 3: 56 (1948). – Didymocarpus schefferi H.O.Forbes, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 298 (1882). – Didymocarpus paraboeoides Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 90 (1927). – Paraboea paraboeoides (Kraenzl.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 434 (1984). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  13. Paraboea schefferi var. ambigua (C.B.Clarke) Z.R.Xu, Edinburgh J. Bot. 65(2): 308 (2008). – Didymocarpus schefferi var. ambigua C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 106 (1883). Endemic to Borneo (Karimata Island). KALIMANTAN.

  14. Paraboea swinhoei (Hance) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 41: 439 (1984). – Boea swinhoei Hance, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. sér. 5, 5: 231 (1866). – Boea swinhoei var. diffusior C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 142 (1883). S China, Taiwan, Indochina, Thailand, Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  15. Paraboea treubii (H.O.Forbes) B.L.Burtt, Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 85: 25 (1982). – Boea treubii H.O.Forbes, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 19: 297 (1882). Peninsular Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo. SUMATRA.

RHYNCHOGLOSSUM Blume

Synonyms: Antonia R.Br.; Klugia Schltdl.; Loxotis R.Br. ex Benth.; Glossanthus Klein ex Benth.

  1. Rhynchoglossum borneense Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15: 269 (1929). – Rhynchoglossum medusothrix B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 169 (1962). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Rhynchoglossum capsulare Ohwi ex Karton., Edinburgh J. Bot. 69: 358 (2012). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  3. Rhynchoglossum klugioides C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 163 (1883). Philippines and Maluku. MALUKU.

  4. Rhynchoglossum obliquum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 741 (1826). –Rhynchoglossum blumei DC., Prodr. 9: 274 (1845). India to S China, Throughout Malesia to New Guinea. THROUGHOUT INDONESIA.

RHYNCHOTECHUM Blume

Synonyms: Chiliandra Griff.; Corysanthera Wall. ex Endl.; Isanthera Nees

  1. Rhynchotechum discolor (Maxim.) B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 24: 37 (1962). – Isanthera discolor Maxim., Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg 19: 538 (1874). China, Taiwan, Japan, Philippines, East Malesia. NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  2. Rhynchotechum eximium (C.B.Clarke) Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 58: 303 (1923). – Isanthera eximia C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 193 (1883). – Rhynchotechum angustifolium Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 80 (1923). Sumatra, Java and Lesser Sunda Islands. SUMATRA, JAVA, BALI.

  3. Rhynchotechum formosanum Hatus., J. Jap. Bot. 15: 132 (1939). Taiwan, China, Vietnam, Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Rhynchotechum parviflorum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 14: 775 (1826). India (Nicobar Islands), S China, Indochina, Thailand, throughout Malesia. THROUGHOUT INDONESIA.

  5. Rhynchotechum vestitum (Griff.) Wall. ex C.B.Clarke, Commelyn. Cyrtandr. Bengal.: 132 (1874). – Corysanthera vestita Griff., Itin. Pl. Khasyah Mts.: 124 (1848). – Rhynchotechum hispidum C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 197 (1883). India to Southeast Asia and West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

RIDLEYANDRA A.Weber & B.L.Burtt

  1. Ridleyandra natunae B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 266 (1998). Endemic to Natuna Islands. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Ridleyandra ornata (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 267 (1998). – Didissandra ornata C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 69 (1883). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Ridleyandra rufa (C.B.Clarke) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 270 (1998). – Didissandra rufa C.B.Clarke, Monogr. Phan. [A.DC. & C.DC.] 5(1): 70 (1883). – Didymocarpus consobrinus Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 86 (1927). – Didymocarpus papillosus Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 86 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  4. Ridleyandra synaptica (B.L.Burtt) B.L.Burtt, Beitr. Biol. Pflanzen 70: 265 (1998). – Didissandra synaptica B.L.Burtt, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 35: 374 (1977). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

STAURANTHERA Benth.

Synonym: Miquelia Blume

  1. Stauranthera argyrescens Hallier f., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 13: 286 (1896). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  2. Stauranthera coerulea (Blume) Merr., Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. 3: 455 (1923). – Miquelia coerulea Blume, Bull. Sci. Phys. Nat. Néerl. 1: 94 (1838). – Stauranthera ecalcarata R.Br., Cyrtandreae: 121 (1839). Southeast Asia to Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  3. Stauranthera ionantha Hallier f., Bull. Herb. Boissier 6: 286 (1898). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Stauranthera johannis-winkleri Kraenzl., Mitt. Inst. Allg. Bot. Hamburg 7: 92 (1927). Endemic to Borneo (West Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  5. Stauranthera parvifolia S.Moore, J. Bot. 63[Suppl.]: 73 (1925). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

References

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Hilliard OM. 2004. A revision of Chirita sect. Liebigia (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh J. Bot. 60(3): 361–387.

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Kartonegoro A. 2013. A revision of Rhynchoglossum (Gesneriaceae) in Malesia. Reinwardtia 13(5): 421–432.

Middleton DJ. 2016. A revision of Aeschynanthus (Gesneriaceae) in Singapore and Peninsular Malaysia. Gardens’ Bulletin Singapore 68(1): 1–63.

Middleton DJ, Weber A, Yao TL, Sontag S, Möller M. 2013. The current status of the species hitherto assigned to Henckelia (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 70(3): 385–404.

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Weber A. 1977. Revision der Gattung Loxonia (Gesneriaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 127: 201–216.

Weber A, Burtt BL. 1998. Revision of the genus Didissandra (Gesneriaceae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 70: 191–223.

Weber A, Burtt BL. 1998. Revision of the genus Ridleyandra (Gesneriaceae). Beiträge zur Biologie der Pflanzen 70: 225–273.

Xu ZR, Burtt BL, Skog LE, Middleton DJ. 2008. A revision of Paraboea (Gesneriaceae). Edinburgh Journal of Botany 65(2): 161–347.