Cucurbitaceae

ALSOMITRA (Blume) Spach

  1. Alsomitra macrocarpa (Blume) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 117; FM 26. - Zanonia macrocarpa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 937. - Macrozanonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn., Bull. Herb. Boiss. 1 (1893) 612. - Momordica coriacea Cogn. in K.Schum. & Hollrung, Fl. Kais. Wilh. Land (1892) 82. - Zanonia philippinensis Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 1, suppl. 1 (1906) 241. - Macrozanonia philippinensis (Merr.) Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 264. - Erythropalum triandrum Merr. & Quisumb., Philipp. J. Sci. 37 (1928) 143. Southern Thailand, Malesia, Bismarck Archipelago. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.


ANANGIA W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

  1. Anangia macrosepala W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12 (2006) 220, f. 1, 2.; FM 31. Endemic to Morotai, possibly also Yamdena. MALUKU.


BAIJIANA A.M.Lu & J.Q.Li

  1. Baijiania borneensis (Merr.) A.M.Lu & J.Q.Li in J.Q.Li, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 31 (1993) 50, for the type only; FM 32. - Thladiantha borneensis Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 298. - Siraitia borneensis (Merr.) A.M.Lu & Zhi Y.Zhang, Guihaia 4 (1984) 31, p.p., specimens from Borneo only; Zhi Y.Zhang & A.M.Lu, Cathaya 1 (1989) 26, f. 26, 27.

    • Baijiana borneensis subsp. borneensis. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.



BENINCASA Savi

  1. Benincasa pruriens (Parkinson) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12 (2008) 268; FM 41. - Cucurbita pruriens Parkinson, J. Voy. South Seas (1773) 44. Widespread in SE Asia.

    • Benincasa pruriens forma pruriens. Cucurbita vacua F.Muell., Fragm. 6 (1868) 186. - Benincasa vacua (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Syst. Census Austral. Pl. 1 (1882) 76. - Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn., for the wild form: I.Telford, Fl. Austr. 8 (1982) 170. Indochina to Malesia and Queensland. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

    • Benincasa pruriens forma hispida (Thunb.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes. - Benincasa pruriens (Parkinson) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes forma hispida (Thunb.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 17 (2008 ‘2007’) 47. - Cucurbita hispida Thunb., Nov. Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal. 4 (1783) 38. - Benincasa cerifera Savi, Mem. sopra una pianta Cucurbitaceae (1818) 58. - Cucurbita villosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 931. - Cucurbita farinosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 931. - Cucurbita littoralis Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Alt. (1844) 190. - Gymnopetalum septemlobum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 679. Widely cultivated.


CAYAPONIA Silva Manso

  1. Cayaponia martiana (Cogn.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 777, including var. acutiloba & var. tomentosa; FM 47. - Trianosperma martiana Cogn. in Mart., Fl. Bras. 6, 4 (1878) 87, t. 25. Native of South America. Introduced and running wild in East Java.


CITRULLUS Schrad.

  1. Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai, Cat. Sem. & Spor. Hort. Bot. Univ. Imp. Tokyo (1916) 30; FM 49. – Momordica lanata Thunb., Prodr. Pl. Cap. (1794) 13. - Citrullus vulgaris Schrad., Enum. Pl. Afric. Austral. 2 (1836) 279. - Citrullus edulis Spach, Hist. Nat. Vég. 6 (1838) 214. Native of Africa. Introduced and cultivated throughout Indonesia.


COCCINIA Wight & Arn.

  1. Coccinia grandis (L.) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calcutt. (1845) 59; FM 51. - Bryonia grandis L., Mant. Pl. (1767) 126. - Coccinia indica Wight & Arn., Prodr. Fl. Ind. Orient. 1 (1834) 347, nom. illeg.; Craib, Fl. Siam. 1 (1931) 761. - Cephalandra indica (Wight & Arn.) Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Sér. 5 (1866) 16, nom. illeg. - Momordica bicolor Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 928, including vars. a and b. - Coccinia wightiana M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 93. Old World tropics. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.


CUCUMIS L.

  1. Cucumis melo L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1011; FM 54. Widespread all over the world.

    • Cucumis melo forma melo. As the species. Widespread.

    • Cucumis melo forma agrestis (Naudin) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 17 (2008 ‘2007’) 55. - Cucumis melo L. var. agrestis Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., Sér. 4, 6 (1859) 73. - C. melo L. subsp. agrestis (Naudin) Pangalo in Zhuk., La Turquie Agricole (1933) 534. Old World. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  2. Cucumis sativus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1012; FM 55. - Cucurbita vittata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 932. - Cucumis? rumphii Hassk., Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 9 (1866) 280. Origin of SE Asia. Cultivated in Indonesia.


CUCURBITA L.

  1. Cucurbita maxima Duchesne, Essai Hist. Nat. Courges (1786) 7; FM 58. Cultivated.

  2. Cucurbita moschata Duchesne, Essai Hist. Nat. Courges (1786) 7; FM 59. - Cucurbita pepo L. var. moschata (Duchesne) Lam., encycl. (1786) 152. - Gymnopetalum calyculatum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2 (1861) 332. Widely cultivated.

  3. Cucurbita pepo L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1010; FM 59. Widely cultivated.


CYCLANTHERA Schrad.

  1. Cyclanthera brachystachya (Ser.) Cogn., Diag. Cucurb. Nouv. 2 (1877) 64; FM 61. - Elaterium brachystachium Ser. in DC, Prodr. 3 (1828) 310. Native of tropical America. Introduced and cultivated or even naturalized in Java.


DIPLOCYCLOS (Endl.) T.Post & Kuntze

  1. Diplocyclos palmatus (L.) C.Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 15 (1962) 352; FM 62. - Bryonia palmata L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1012. - Bryonia affinis Endl., Prodr. Fl. Norfolk. (1833) 68 (no. 125). - Bryonopsis affinis (Endl.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 479. - Bryonia pedata Hassk., Flora, Beibl. (1842) 32. - Bryonopsis pedata (Hassk.) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. (1844) 189. - Zehneria erythrocarpa F.Muell., Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 8 (1856) 51. - Bryonopsis laciniosa (L.) Naudin forma erythrocarpa (F.Muell.) M.Mizush., J. Jap. Bot. 41, 9 (1966) 259. - Bryonopsis erythrocarpa Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., Sér. 4, 18 (1862) 194. - Bryonopsis laciniosa (L.) Naudin var. erythrocarpa (Naudin) Naudin, Ill. Hort. 12 (1865) pl. 431. - Bryonia laciniosa auct. non L.: Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 927. - Bryonopsis laciniosa auct. non (L.) Naudin: Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., Sér. 4, 18 (1862) 195, p.p., excl. type. - Bryonia quinquefolia Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 5 (1790) 48, nom. nud. Africa to Oceania and Norfolk Islands.

    • Diplocyclos palmatus var. palmatus. As the species. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.


GOMPHOGYNE Griff.

  1. Gomphogyne peekelii W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 35 (2007) 62, f. 6, map 1; FM 67. - Gynostemma pedatum auct. non Blume: Peekel, Fl. Bismarck Archip., translated by E.E.Henty (1984) 551, f. 878. Maluku and New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.


GYMNOPETALUM Arn.

  1. Gymnopetalum chinense (Lour.) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. (1919) 256; FM 71. - Evonymus chinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 156. - Bryonia cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 595. - Gymnopetalum cochinchinense (Lour.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40 (1871) 57. - Momordica surculata Noronha, Verh. Batav. Genootsch. Kunsten 4 (1790) 21, nom. inval. - Gymnopetalum quinquelobum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 681. - Trichosanthes laciniata Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 59 (1911) 107. India to Indochina, W Malesia, Philippines, Sulawesi, and Lesser Sunda Islands. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  2. Gymnopetalum orientale W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 290, f. 5; FM 73. Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, and Maluku. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

  3. Gymnopetalum scabrum (Lour.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12 (2008) 268; FM 74. - Trichosanthes scabra Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 589. - Trichosanthes lucioniana Náves ex F.Villar, Fl. Filip., ed. 3 [F.M. Blanco] (1880) Nov. App.: 95, pl. 460 (see note). - Gymnopetalum integrifolium (Roxb.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 40 (1871) 58. - Cucumis integrifolius (‘integrifolia’) Roxb., Fl. Ind. (1832) 724. - Gymnopetalum leucostictum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 680. India to Malesia. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

    • Gymnopetalum scabrum var. scabrum. As the species.

    • Gymnopetalum scabrum var. pectinatum W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51, 2 (2006) 287, f. 1c, 4a, b; FM 78. Endemic to East Java; only known from the type. JAVA.


GYNOSTEMMA Blume

  1. Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 16 (1902) 179; FM 82.

    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum forma pentaphyllum. - Vitis pentaphylla Thunb., Fl. Jap. (1784) 105. - Gynostemma pedatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1825) 23. - Pestalozzia pedata Zoll. & Moritzi, Syst. Verz. Zoll. (1846) 31. - Zanonia pedata (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 683. - Zanonia laxa Wall., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2 (1831) 29. - Alsomitra laxa (Wall.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 118. - Pestalozzia laxa (Wall.) Thwaites, Enum. Pl. Zeyl. 2 (1859) 124. - Gynostemma laxum (Wall.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 914. Widespread, Malesia except Sulawesi. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum forma dasycarpum (C.Y.Wu) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea (2007) 269, pl. 1c.; FM 85. - Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb.) Makino var. dasycarpum C.Y.Wu, Acta Phytotax. Sin. 21 (1983) 362. - Gynostemma winkleri Cogn. in H.Winkl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 48 (1912) 118. Myanmar to Thailand, all over Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum forma fasciculare W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 52 (2007) 270; FM 86. – Endemic to Central Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

    • Gynostemma pentaphyllum forma simplicifolium (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 52 (2007) 271, f. 2a; FM 86. - Gynostemma simplicifolium Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1825) 24 (‘simplicifolia’). India, Myanmar, China, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Kalimantan, Philippines. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.


HODGSONIA Hook.f. & Thomson

  1. Hodgsonia macrocarpa (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 349; FM 87. - Trichosanthes macrocarpa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 935. - Trichosanthes hexasperma Blume, Bijdr. 15 (1826) 935. - Trichosanthes kadam Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. (1861) 331. - Hodgsonia kadam (Miq.) Greshoff, Bull. Kol. Mus. 30 (1904) 163, with figure. - Hodgsonia capniocarpa Ridl.; Fl. Malay Penin. 1 (1922) 843. S Myanmar to Thailand and W Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.


INDOMELOTHRIA W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

  1. Indomelothria blumei (Ser.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea (2006) 6; FM 90. - Bryonia blumei Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 305. - Bryonia heterophylla auct. non (Lour.) Raeusch.: Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 925 (see under Solena heterophylla Lour.). - Melothria marginata (Blume) Cogn. var. ? var. heterophylla (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 594, p.p.; in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 93, p.p. Widespread; in Malesia only Sumatra, Kalimantan (East) and West Java. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  2. Indomelothria chlorocarpa W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea (2006) 7, f. 3; FM 91. Java and Borneo.

    • Indomelothria chlorocarpa subsp. chlorocarpa. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

    • Indomelothria chlorocarpa subsp. halimunensis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 9, f. 3: c–l. pl. 2; FM 93. Endemic to W Java in G. Halimun. JAVA.


KEDROSTIS Medik.

  1. Kedrostis bennettii (Miq.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 2 (2004) 130, f. 1; FM 94. - Bryonopsis bennettii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 657. - Cerasiocarpum bennettii (Miq.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 729. Sumatra, Kalimantan (Sabah, East Kalimantan), Java, and Bali. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  2. Kedrostis hirta W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 2 (2004) 132; FM 97. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.


LAGENARIA Ser.

  1. Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl., Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 3 (1930) 435; FM 100. - Cucurbita siceraria Molina, Sag. Stor. Nat. Chili (1782) 133. - Cucurbita lagenaria L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1010. - Lagenaria vulgaris Ser., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 3, 1 (1825) t. 2. Cultivated worldwide.


LUFFA Mill.

  1. Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb., Hort. Bengal. (1814) 70; FM 101. - Cucumis acutangulus L. (1753) 1011. - Cucurbita acutangula (L.) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 932. Native of S India. Introduced to Indonesia.

  2. Luffa aegyptiaca Mill., Gard. Dict., ed. 8 (1768) without pagination, based on Momordica luffa L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1009; FM 103. - Momordica cylindrica L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1009. - Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 63. - Luffa petola Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 303. - Luffa subangulata. Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 667. - Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb. var. subangulata (Miq.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 461. Widespread in the Old World, naturalized in tropical America. Feral in Indonesia.

    • Luffa aegyptiaca forma aegyptiaca. Throughout the tropics.

    • Luffa aegyptiaca forma sylvestris (Miq.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 17 (2008 ‘2007’)70; FM 105. - Luffa sylvestris Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 666. - Luffa aegyptiaca Mill. var. leiocarpa (Naudin) Heiser & E.E.Schill., Biotropica 20 (1988) 186. - Luffa cylindrica (L.) M.Roem. var. leiocarpa Naudin, Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot., Sér. 4, 12 (1859) 121. - Luffa leiocarpa (Naudin) F.Muell., Fragm. 3 (1862) 107. Yaman east to mainland SE Asia, Malesia, and the Pacific, also in Australia. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.


MELOTHRIA L.

  1. Melothria pendula L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 35; FM 105; Mustaqim & Putra, Floribunda 6, 5: 184 (2020). Bryonia filiformis Roxb., Fl. Ind. 3 (1832) 727. Native of American continent. Introduced and naturalized in Sumatra, Bali, and Sulawesi.


MOMORDICA L.

  1. Momordica charantia L., Sp. Pl. ed. 1 (1753) 1009; FM 109. - Momordica indica L. (in Stickman), Herb. Amboin. (1754) 24. - Momordica muricata Willd., Sp. Pl. 4 (1805) 602. Africa to Australia and Oceania. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Momordica charantia forma charantia. Widely cultivated.

    • Momordica charantia abbreviata (Ser.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 17 (2008 ‘2007’) 73, f. 8; FM 111. - Momordica charantia L. var. abbreviata Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 311. As the species.

  2. Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 3 (1826) 14; FM 113. - Muricia cochinchinensis Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 596. - Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng. var. minor Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 446. - Momordica macrophylla Gage, Rec. Bot. Surv. India 3 (1908) 61. - Momordica macrophylla Gage, Rec. Bot. Surv. India 3 (1908) 61. - Passiflora saponaria Blanco 1837, Fl. Filip. (1837) 650. - Modecca? saponaria Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 453. - Momordica ovata Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 446. - Momordica suringarii Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 434. NE India east to Oceania. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  3. Momordica denticulata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1858) 1090; FM 114. - Momordica racemiflora (Miq.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 448. - Momordica denticulata var. racemiflora Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1858) 1091. - Momordica acuminata Merr., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1, 87 (1923) 45. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo (except South). SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  4. Momordica subangulata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 928, excl. ref. to Rumph. 5, f. 150 = Luffa cylindrica; FM 116.

    • Momordica subangulata subsp. subangulata. Possibly Myanmar, recorded from Thailand, Laos, S China, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, W Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  5. Momordica trifolia L. (‘Stickman’), Herb. Amboin. (1754) 24; FM 117. - Momordica trifoliolata L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2 (1763) 1434. - Momordica rumphii W.J.de Wilde, Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & St. Petersburg) 87, 3 (2002) 144, f. 2h–j, nom. superfl. Endemic to Maluku: Seram and Ambon. MALUKU.


MUELLERARGIA Cogn.

  1. Muellerargia timorensis Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 630; FM 121. - Melothria subpellucida Cogn., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belgique, sér. 3, 14 (1887) 356. - Zehneria ejecta F.M.Bailey, Queensl. Fl. 2 (1900) 699. - Melothria ejecta (Bailey) Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 108. Java east to New Guinea, Christmas Island, Australia. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


MUKIA Arn.

  1. Mukia javanica (Miq.) C.Jeffrey in Hooker’s Ic. Pl. 37, 3 (1969) 3, t. 3661: 1–10; FM 124. - Karivia javanica Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 661. - Melothria javanica (Miq.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 625. - Cucumis javanicus (Miq.) Ghebret. & Thulin, Novon 17 (2007) 177. NE India to China, Java, Borneo, Philippines. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  2. Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 47; FM 124. - Cucumis maderaspatanus L., Sp. Pl. (1753) 1012. - Melothria maderaspatana (L.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 623. - Bryonia scabrella L. in L.f., Suppl. Pl. (1781) 424. - Mukia scabrella (L.) Arn. in Hook., J. Bot. 3 (1841) 276. - Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M.Roem. var. scabrella (L.) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 46 (1877) 104. - Bryonia althaeoides Ser. in DC., Prodr. 3 (1828) 306. - Mukia althaeoides (Ser.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 47. Africa through SW Asia east to Oceania. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  3. Mukia rumphiana (Scheff.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 34 (2006) 45; FM 128. - Melothria rumphiana Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 1 (1876) 25. - Cucumis rumphianus (Scheff.) H.Schaef., Blumea 52 (2007) 168.

    • Mukia rumphiana subsp. rumphiana; FM 128. - Mukia celebica (Cogn.) F.M.Bailey, Queensl. Fl. 2 (1900) 700, for the type only. - Melothria javanica auct. non (Miq.) Cogn.: Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin. (1917) 491. - Cucumis murinus ruber Rumph., Herb. Amboin. 5 (1750) 463, t. 171, f. 1 & a. Sulawesi to New Guinea. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Mukia rumphiana subsp. tomentosa W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 34 (2006) 47, f. 3, 4f; FM 130. Sulawesi (SW) and Maluku (Buru). SULAWESI, MALUKU.


NEOACHMANDRA W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

  1. Neoachmandra backeri W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 14; FM 131. Java and Wallacea.

    • Neoachmandra backeri subsp. backeri. Java, Sulawesi, Nusa Tenggara, Maluku. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

    • Neoachmandra backeri subsp. balinensis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 15; FM 132. Endemic to Bali. NUSA TENGGARA.

  2. Neoachmandra idenburgensis (Merr. & L.M.Perry) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 21; FM 135.— Melothria idenburgensis Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30 (1949) 57. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Neoachmandra indica (Lour.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 21; FM 135. - Melothria indica Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 35. - Aechmandra indica (Lour.) Arn., J. Bot. (1841) 274. - Zehneria indica (Lour.) Keraudren in Aubrév. & J.-F.Leroy, Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 15 (1975) 52, pl. 9: 5–8. - Bryonia geminata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 924. - Cucumis luzonicus Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 861. S India to S China to W Malesia. JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  4. Neoachmandra leucocarpa (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 23. - Bryonia leucocarpa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 924. - Bryonopsis? leucocarpa (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 657. - Melothria leucocarpa (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 601, p.p. - Zehneria deltoidea Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 655. - Melothria rauwenhoffii Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 597 (not Melothria deltoidea (Schumach.) Benth. in Hook., Niger Fl. (1849) 368). - Zehneria deltoidea Miq. var. subintegerrima Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 655. - Melothria rauwenhoffii Cogn. var. pengalenganensis Hochr., Candollea (1934) 287. Sumatra and Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  5. Neoachmandra nesophila W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 26; FM 140. Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands, Maluku. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.


NEOALSOMITRA Hutch.

  1. Neoalsomitra clavigera (Wall.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 101; FM 145. - Zanonia clavigera Wall., Numer. List (1831) 3725, nom. nud. - Alsomitra clavigera (Wall.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 118. - Melothria trifoliolata F.Muell., Fragm. 5 (1866) 181. - Alsomitra trifoliolata (F.Muell.) K.Schum., Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 2, 13 (1898) 155. - Neoalsomitra trifoliolata (F.Muell.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. N-S, 6 (1942) 100. - Alsomitra hookeri F.Muell., Fragm. 6 (1868) 188, nom. illeg. - Zanonia hookeri F.Muell., Syst. Census Austral. Pl. (1882) 76, nom. illeg. - Alsomitra beccariana Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 932. - Neoalsomitra beccariana (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 101. - Gynostemma integrifoliola Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 916. - Alsomitra integrifoliola (Cogn.) Hayata, J. Coll. Sci. Imp. Univ. Tokyo 30 (1911) 121. - Neoalsomitra integrifoliola (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 99. - Gynostemma elongatum Merr., Philipp. J. Sc., Bot. 3 (1908) 267. - Hemsleya elongata (Merr.) Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 26. - Alsomitra muelleri Cogn., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belgique, Cl. Sci., sér. 3, 14 (1887) 363. - Neoalsomitra muelleri (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 100. - Alsomitra rotundifolia Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 13. - Neoalsomitra rotundifolia (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 100. - Alsomitra pubescens Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C. 13 (1918) 64. - Neoalsomitra pubescens (Merr.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 101. - Alsomitra pubigera Prain var. glauca Craib, Fl. Siam. (1931) 768. - Alsomitra schefferiana auct. non Cogn.: Peekel, Fl. Bismarck Archip., translated by E.E.Henty (1984) 541, f. 863 (1), based on Peekel 328 (382) (B†). NE India and Bhutan to Oceania. SUMATRA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Neoalsomitra hederifolia (Decne.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 48 (2003) 108, f. 1i, 3; FM 147. - Sicyos hederifolius Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 3, 3 (1834) 450. - Gynostemma ? hederifolia (Decne.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 916, ‘hederaefolia’. - Zanonia timorana Span., Linnaea (1841) 205, Icon. 55 (plate not found). - Alsomitra timorana (Span.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 117. - Neoalsomitra timorana (Span.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 98. - Gynostemma spec. C,.de Voogd, Trop. Natuur, Jubileum Uitg. (1936) 71, f. 8, photo of habit. Java and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  3. Neoalsomitra sarcophylla (Wall.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 100; FM 149. – Zanonia sarcophylla Wall., Numer. List (1831) 3724, nom. nud. - Alsomitra sarcophylla (Wall.) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 118. - Alsomitra philippinensis Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 15. - Neoalsomitra philippinensis (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 100. Myanmar to Indochina, Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Islands. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  4. Neoalsomitra schefferiana (Cogn.) Hutch., Ann. Bot. (Oxford) 6 (1942) 101, (excl. Peekel 328 (B†) = Neoalsomitra clavigera.); FM 151. - Alsomitra schefferiana Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 932. - Alsomitra schefferiana Cogn. var. minor Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 933. Wallacea and New Guinea. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Neoalsomitra schefferiana subsp. schefferiana. Rare. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Neoalsomitra schefferiana subsp. podagrica (Steenis) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 488 (2003) 114, f. 1h; FM 153. - Neoalsomitra podagrica Steenis, Webbia 11 (1956) 192, f. 1b, 2, nom. prov. East Nusa Tenggara. NUSA TENGGARA.


PAPUASICYOS Duyfjes

  1. Papuasicyos papuana (Cogn.) Duyfjes, Blumea 48 (2003) 124, f. 2, 3; FM 189. - Melothria papuana Cogn., Bull. Acad. Roy. Sci. Belgique, Cl. Sci., sér. 3, 14 (1887) 355. New Guinea. PAPUA.


PILOGYNE Schrad.

  1. Pilogyne bodinieri (H.Lév.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; FM 193. - Melothria bodinieri H.Lév., Fl. Kouy-Tcheou (1914) 122. - Zehneria bodinieri (H.Lév.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Thai Forest Bull, Bot. 32 (2004) 17. - Melothria perpusilla (Blume) Cogn. var. subtruncata Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 608. - Zehneria hookeriana auct. non (Wight & Arn.) Arn.: C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1879) 624, p.p. - Melothria perpusilla auct. non (Blume) Cogn.: Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 607, p.p. - Bryonia oxyphylla, Wallich Cat. 6697, nom. nud. - Bryonia cissoides, Wallich Cat. 6698, nom. nud. Sri Lanka, east to Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Kalimantan (Sabah) and Palawan. SUMATRA.

  2. Pilogyne elbertii (W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes. Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; FM 195. - Zehneria elbertii W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 54. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands, only known from Lombok (Sembalun Highlands). NUSA TENGGARA.

  3. Pilogyne erythrobacca (W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Gard. Bull. Singapore 61, 1 (2009) 210; FM 196. - Zehneria erythrobacca W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 55, f. 13a–h. - Melothria indica auct. non Lour.: Peekel, Fl. Bismarck Archip., translated by E.E.Henty (1984) 543, f. 867. - Diplocyclos palmatus auct. non (L.) C.Jeffrey: Peekel, Fl. Bismarck Archip., translated by E.E.Henty (1984) 547, f. 873, p.p. New Guinea and Bismarck Archipelago. PAPUA.

  4. Pilogyne immarginata (W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; FM 198. - Zehneria immarginata W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 63. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands (Lombok and Flores). NUSA TENGGARA.

  5. Pilogyne mucronata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410: FM 199. - Bryonia mucronata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 923 (incl. var.). - Zehneria mucronata (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 656. - Melothria mucronata (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 608. - Zehneria alba Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 45 (1906) 195. - Melothria alba (Ridl.) Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 109. - Melothria lobata Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 7 (1912) 104. - Bryonia arguta Span., Linnaea (1841) 206, nom. nud. Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, LSI, Maluku, New Guinea, and Christmas Isl. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  6. Pilogyne perpusilla (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; FM 202. - Cucurbita perpusilla Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenzorg (1823) 105. - Bryonia perpusilla (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 926. - Melothria perpusilla (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 607. - Zehneria perpusilla (Blume) Bole & M.R.Almeida, J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc. 79, 2 (1983) 315, for the type only. - Bryonia stipulacea Willd. var. perpusilla (Blume) Ser. in C., Prodr. 3 (1828) 307. - Zehneria scabra auct. non (L.f.) Sond.: C.Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 15 (1962 (‘1961’)) 369, p.p., for the synonym Melothria perpusilla (Blume) Cogn. only. - Cucurbita scabra Blume, Cat. Gew. Buitenzorg (1823) 105, non Bryonia scabra L.f., 1781. - Bryonia scabrata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 923. W Java, Selayar Isl. (Sulawesi), Bali?, Lombok, Flores. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  7. Pilogyne repanda (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 410; FM 205. - Zehneria repanda (Blume) C.M.Simmons, Blumea 45 (2000) 240, f. 2. - Bryonia repanda Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 923; Ser. in DC., Prodr. (1828) 305. - Melothria punctata (Thunb.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 615, p.p. - Zehneria scabra auct. non (L.f.) Sond.: C.Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 15 (1962 (‘1961’)) 369, p.p., for the synonym Bryonia repanda Blume only. - Zehneria exasperata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 655. - Melothria cordata auct. non (Thunb.) Cogn.: Backer in Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 297, p.p. - Zehneria maysorensis auct. non (Wight & Arn.) Arn.: C.Jeffrey, Kew Bull. 15 (1962 (‘1961’)) 371, p.p., for the Sumatra record only. Taiwan, Sumatra, Java, Philippines, Sulawesi, Bali. SUMATRA, JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  8. Pilogyne trullifolia (W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Reinwardtia 12, 5 (2009) 411; FM 212. - Zehneria trullifolia W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 77. Endemic to Central Sulawesi: Sopu valley. SULAWESI.


SCOPELLARIA W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

  1. Scopellaria marginata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 297; FM 215. - Bryonia marginata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 924. - Melothria marginata (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 593. - Zehneria marginata (Blume) Keraudren in Aubrév. & J.-F.Leroy, Fl. Cambodge, Laos & Vietnam 15 (1975) 55, pl. 9: 4. - Scopella marginata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 35, f. 9, nom. illeg. - Bryonia epigaea auct. non Rottl.: Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 925. - Aechmandra blumeana M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 33, p.p; Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 657, p.p. (a new name for Bryonia epigaea auct. non Rottl.: Blume). - ?Cerasiocarpum maingayi C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1879) 629. - Melothria affinis King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 67 (1898) 38. - Melothria gracilipes Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19 (1934) 199. East Myanmar to Indochina, W Malesia, Philippines, Sulawesi.

    • Scopellaria marginata var. marginata. As the species. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

    • Scopellaria marginata var. penangense (C.B.Clarke) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 296. - ?Cerasiocarpum penangense C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1879) 629. - Scopella marginata (Blume) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes var. penangense (C.B.Clarke) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 38, nom. illeg. - Bryonia heterophylla auct. non Blume: Wallich Cat. 6704. Myanmar and S China to Indochina, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia. SUMATRA.


SECHIUM P.Browne

  1. Sechium edule (Jacq.) Sw., Fl. Ind. Occid. (1800) 1150; FM 218. - Sicyos edulis Jacq., Enum. Syst. Pl. (1760) 32. - Chayota edulis (Jacq.) Jacq., Select. Stirp. Amer. Hist., ed. 2 (1780) 245. Central America. Introduced, now widespread in Indonesia.


SIRAITIA Merr.

  1. Siraitia siamensis (Craib) S.Q.Zhong & D.Fang, Guihaia 4 (1984) 23; FM 220. - Thladiantha siamensis Craib, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew (1914) 7.

    • Siraitia siamensis var. siamensis. Highly likely as the species.

    • Siraitia siamensis var. silomaradjae (Merr.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes. - Siraitia siamensis (Craib) S.Q.Zhong & D.Fang var. silomaradjae (Merr.) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 503. - Siraitia silomaradjae Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19 (1934) 200. Endemic to Sumatra (Asahan). SUMATRA.


SOLENA Lour.

  1. Solena heterophylla Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 514; FM 224. - Bryonia heterophylla (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. bot. (1797) 282. – Melothria heterophylla (Lour.) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 618. - Bryonia hastata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 594. - Bryonia rheedii Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 925. – Karivia rheedii (Blume) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 45. - Bryonia sagittata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 925. - Zehneria connivens Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 656. - Zehneria hastata Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 656, nom. illeg. - Melothria ovata Cogn. in Engl., Pflanzenr. 66, 4.275.I (1916) 114. - Zehneria umbellata auct. non (Willd.) Thwaites: C.B.Clarke in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. Ind. 2 (1879) 625, p.p.

    • Solena heterophylla subsp. heterophylla. NE Afghanistan to Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, Java. JAVA.


THLADIANTHA Bunge

  1. Thladiantha cordifolia (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 424; FM 227. - Luffa cordifolia Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 929. - Thladiantha cordifolia (Blume) Cogn. forma glabrescens Hochr., Candollea (1934) 287. - Thladiantha calcarata Cogn. in Hook.f., Fl. Brit. India 2, 3 (1880) Errata, without page. - Trichosanthes javanica Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 678. - Gymnopetalum piperifolium Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 680. - Gymnopetalum horsfieldii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 680. E India to Thailand and S China, Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.


TRICHOSANTHES L.

  1. Trichosanthes auriculata Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 3 (1998) 216; FM 255. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  2. Trichosanthes beccariana Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 380; FM 256. Sumatra and Borneo.

    • Trichosanthes beccariana subsp. beccariana. W Central Sumatra and North Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

    • Trichosanthes beccariana subsp. pusilla Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 3 (1998) 217; FM 258. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Trichosanthes borneensis Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 369; 258. - Trichosanthes sumatrana Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 373, excluding var. obtusiloba. - Trichosanthes wallichiana auct. non (Ser.) Wight: Ridl., Fl. Malay Penin. I (1922) 845. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Kalimantan. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  4. Trichosanthes celebica Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC. Mongraph. Phan. 3 (1881) 385; FM 260. From Sulawesi to Maluku. SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  5. Trichosanthes coriacea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 935; FM 261. Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  6. Trichosanthes cucumerina L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1008; FM 261. - Trichosanthes reniformis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 675. - Trichosanthes pedatifolia Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1856) 677.

    • Trichosanthes cucumerina var. cucumerina. India to Malesia and Australia. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

    • Trichosanthes cucumerina var. anguina (L.) Haines, Bot. Bihar Orissa (1922) 388; FM 263. - Trichosanthes anguina L., Sp. Pl. 2 (1753) 1008. Widely cultivated.

  7. Trichosanthes densiflora Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 252; FM 263. - Trichosanthes bracteata auct. non Voigt: Pulle, Nova Guinea 8 (1912) 689. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Trichosanthes edulis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 254, f. 2; FM 265. - Trichosanthes trifida Lu Q.Huang, B.Yang & C.H.Yueh, Act. Phytotax. Sin. 35, 2 (1997) 130, pl. 3: 45–47, nom. nud. Philippines and New Guinea. PAPUA.

    • Trichosanthes edulis var. edulis. New Guinea. PAPUA.

    • Trichosanthes edulis var. sativa Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia, 11, 4 (1999) 256; FM 267. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  9. Trichosanthes elmeri Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15 (1929) 299; FM 268. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Borneo, Philippines. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  10. Trichosanthes emarginata Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 258, f. 4; FM 270. Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. SUMATRA.

  11. Trichosanthes floresana Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 260, f. 5; FM 272. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands (Flores). NUSA TENGGARA.

  12. Trichosanthes fusca W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 14 (2004) 17, f. 4; FM 273. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  13. Trichosanthes globosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 936; FM 274. - Involucraria globosa (Blume) M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 99. - Trichosanthes grandiflora Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 934. - Trichosanthes sumatrana Cogn. var. obtusiloba Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 373. Sumatra, Java, Borneo. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  14. Trichosanthes hastata Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60 (1925) 160; FM 276. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  15. Trichosanthes laeoica C.Y.Cheng & Lu Q.Huang, Bull. Bot. Res., Harbin 16, 4 (1996) 503, f. 2; FM 282.

    • Trichosanthes laeoica forma sorongensis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 265; FM 284. Endemic to the Bird’s Head Peninsula area. PAPUA.

    • Trichosanthes laeoica forma yapenensis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 265; FM 284. Endemic to Yapen Island in Geelvink Bay. PAPUA.

  16. Trichosanthes leuserensis Rugayah, in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 265; FM 284. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  17. Trichosanthes montana Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 3 (1998) 218; FM 287. - Trichosanthes sumatrana auct. non Cogn.: Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Blumea 42, 2 (1997) 479, f. 4, p.p. Sumatra, Java, Borneo.

    • Trichosanthes montana subsp. montana. Sumatra and W Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

    • Trichosanthes montana subsp. crassipes W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Sandakania 14 (2004) 23. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  18. Trichosanthes obscura Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 269; FM 291. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  19. Trichosanthes papuana F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 7 (1900) 349; FM 292. Maluku and New Guinea. PAPUA.

  20. Trichosanthes pilosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1 (1790) 588; FM 294. - NE India to Australia and the Solomon Islands.

    • Trichosanthes pilosa var. pilosa. Trichosanthes pilosa Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 1 (1790) 588. - Trichosanthes ovigera Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 934. - Trichosanthes horsfieldii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 677. - Trichosanthes vanoverberghii Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 9 (1915) 458. - Trichosanthes mafuluensis Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30 (1949) 58. SE Asia to Solomon Islands. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  21. Trichosanthes pubera Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 936; FM 300.

    • Trichosanthes pubera subsp. pubera. Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) Voigt var. pubera (Blume) Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 377. Sumatra, Java, Borneo (Sabah and East Kalimantan). SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  22. Trichosanthes pulleana Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60 (1925) 160; FM 301. - Trichosanthes papuana Pulle, Nova Guinea 8 (1910) 406, nom. inval. (non T. papuana F.M.Bailey). Maluku to New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  23. Trichosanthes quinquangulata A.Gray, U.S. Expl. Exped., Phan. 1 (1854) 645; FM 302. - Trichosanthes longiflora Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 374. - Trichosanthes reineckeana Cogn., Bot. Jahrb. 25 (1898) 691. Myanmar to S China, Thailand, Indochina, and through Malesia except Sulawesi. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  24. Trichosanthes rotundifolia Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 3 (1998) 223; 304. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  25. Trichosanthes schlechteri Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60 (1925) 159; FM 305. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  26. Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour., Fl. Cochinch. 2 (1790) 589; FM 308.

    • Trichosanthes tricuspidata subsp. javanica Duyfjes & Pruesapan. - Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. subsp. javanica Duyfjes & Pruesapan, Thai Forest Bull., Bot. 32 (2004) 99. - Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour., p.p. (excluding subsp. tricuspidata): Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 935. - Trichosanthes tricuspis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1, 1 (1856) 679. - Trichosanthes bracteata auct. non (Lam.) Voigt: Backer in Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 1 (1964) 304, p.p. Thailand, W Malesia east to Maluku Archipelago, not in the Philippines. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

    • Trichosanthes tricuspidata forma javanica. As the species except Siberut (Mentawai Islands), Timor, and Seram. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

    • Trichosanthes tricuspidata forma asperifolia Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 276; FM 311. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

    • Trichosanthes tricuspidata forma seramensis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 277; FM 311. Endemic to Seram, only known from type collection. MALUKU.

    • Trichosanthes tricuspidata forma siberutensis. - Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour. forma siberutensis Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 277. Endemic to Sumatra (Siberut Island). SUMATRA.

  27. Trichosanthes valida Rugayah in Rugayah & W.J.de Wilde, Reinwardtia 11, 4 (1999) 277; FM 312. Philippines, Wallacea, and New Guinea. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  28. Trichosanthes villosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 934; FM 313. S China and mainland SE Asia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, Lesser Sunda Islands.

    • Trichosanthes villosa subsp. villosa. As the species except Philippines. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA.

  29. Trichosanthes wawrae Cogn. in A.DC. & C.DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 384 (‘wawraei’); FM 316. - Trichosanthes trifolia auct. non (L.) Blume: Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15 (1826) 936 (‘trifoliata’). - Involucraria trifolia auct. non (L.) M.Roem.: M.Roem., Fam. Nat. Syn. Monogr. 2 (1846) 99 (‘trifoliata’). - Trichosanthes azurea C.K.Lim & Theseira, Folia Malaysiana 8, 1 (2007) 35. - Trichosanthes azurea C.K.Lim & Theseira var. merahputih C.K.Lim & Theseira, Folia Malaysiana 10 (2009) 42, pl. 1, 2, 4–7. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Kalimantan.

    • Trichosanthes wawrae forma wawrae. Thailand and Laos, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Java, Borneo (Sabah, C and E Kalimantan). SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.


URCEODISCUS W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes

  1. Urceodiscus arfakensis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 40; FM 319. Endemic to western New Guinea: Birds’ Head Peninsular. PAPUA.

  2. Urceodiscus belensis (Merr. & L.M.Perry) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 40, f. 10, 11; FM 320. - Melothria belensis Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 30 (1949) 57. - Melothria cissybium M.Jacobs, Blumea 7 (1954) 617 (for the male flowering material only). New Guinea. PAPUA.

    • Urceodiscus belensis var. belensis. All area except Vogelkop Peninsula.

  3. Urceodiscus hippocrepicus W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 44; FM 323. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  4. Urceodiscus parviflora W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 45; FM 324. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Urceodiscus scabridula (Merr. & L.M.Perry) W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 45; FM 324. - Melothria scabridula Merr. & L.M.Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. (1949) 56. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Urceodiscus viridis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 51 (2006) 46, f. 12; pl. 1a; FM 326. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


ZANONIA L.

  1. Zanonia indica L., Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2 (1759) 1292; FM 328. - Zanonia indica L. var. angustifolia Cogn. in A.DC. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 927. - Tinospora curtisii Ridl., J. Bot. 58 (1920) 148. - Alsomitra simplicifolia Merr., Philipp. J. Sci. 20 (1922) 470. - Juppia borneensis Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 85 (1922) 170. NE India east to New Guinea.

    • Zanonia indica subsp. pubescens.

      • Zanonia indica subsp. pubescens var. pubescens Cogn. - Zanonia indica L. var. pubescens Cogn. in A.DC. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 3 (1881) 927. - Zanonia indica L. subsp. orientalis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes var. orientalis, nom. superfl. (De Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 52 (2007) 288). Distribution as the subspecies. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

      • Zanonia indica subsp. pubescens var. paludosa W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes. - Zanonia indica L. subsp. orientalis W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes var. paludosa W.J.de Wilde & Duyfjes, Blumea 52 (2007) 288, f. 2e, f, 3; FM 333. Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

References

De Wilde WJJO, BEE Duyfjes. Cucurbitaceae. Fl. Malesiana, Ser. I. 2010;19(1):1-333.

Mustaqim WA, Putra HF. Melothria (Cucurbitaceae): a new genus record of naturalized cucumber in Sumatra. Floribunda 6(5): 183–187.