Combretaceae

COMBRETUM Loefl.

  1. Combretum acuminatum Roxb. [Hort. Béng. (1814) 28 nom. nud.; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 538. - C. costatum Roxb. [Hort. Beng. (1814) 28 nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2 (1832) 227. - Embryogonia latifolia BL. MUS. Bot. Lugd. Bat. 2 (1852) 122. - Embryogonia acuminata BL. l.c. (1852) 123. - C. wallichii (non DC.) Hassk. Tijd. Nat. Gesch. 10 (1843) 145. - C. stenopetalum Heurck & MÜLL. ARG. in Heurck, Öbs. Bot. (1870) 225. - C. vanheurckii Mull.Arg.op. cit. (1870) 227. - Terminalia borneensis RIDL. Kew Bull. (1938) 283, non T. borneensis Sloot. India to Indochina and Malesia. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Combretum latifolium BL. Bijdr. (1825) 641, non C. latifolium Don (1827); FM. C. rotundifolium Roxb. [Hort. Beng. (1814) 88 nom. nud.] Fl. Ind. 2 (1832) 226, non Rich. (1792). C. extensum Roxb. [Hort. Beng. (1814) 28 nom. nud.] ex Don, Trans. Linn. 15 (1827) 414, 422; C. cyclophyllum Steud. Nom. ed. II, 1 (1841) 400. C. formosum GRIFF. Not. PI. As. 4 (1854)682, nonDon (1827). C. horsfieldii Miq. FL. Ind. Bat. 1 (1855) 609. C. micropetalum LLanos, Mem. Acad. Cienc. Madr. 4 (1856) 502, non DC. (1828). C. leucanthemum Heurck & Müll. Arg. in Heurck, Obs. Bot. (1870) 240. C. platyphyllum Heurck & Mull.Arg.op. cit. (1870) 242. India and Sri Lanka east to Indochina, W and C Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  3. Combretum nigrescens King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 340; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 538. C. kunstleri King, l.c.; CRAIB, Fl. Siam. En. 1 (1931) 617. C. scortechinii King, op. cit. (1897) 341. i C. glandulosum Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 39, t. 1, f. A; non C. glandulosumF. HOFFM. (1889). C. nigrescens var. kunstleri RIDL. hl. Mal. Pen. 1 (1922) 710. C. adenophorum Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 56. C. elmeri Merr. PI. Elm. Born. (1929) 241. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  4. Combretum punctatum BL. Bijdr. (1825) 640; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 539.

    • Combretum punctatum subsp. punctatum. Combretum punctatum Bl. Bijdr. (1825) 640; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 539. C. squamosum (non Roxb. ex Don) Merr. En. Born. (1921) 423. Sumatra, Java, Borneo. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

    • Combretum punctatum subsp. squamosum (Roxb. ex Don) Exell, Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 539. - Combretum squamosum Roxb. [Hort. Beng. (1814) 88 nom. nud.) ex Don, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. 15 (1827) 419, 438. - C. distillatorium Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 295. - Poivrea squamosa (Roxb. ex Don) WALP. Rep. 2 (1843) 64. - C. lepidotum Presl, Bot. Bemerk. (1844) 142. - C. laxum (non Jacq.. nec Aubl.) Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 206. - C. squamosum var. luzonicum Presl, Abh. Kon. Böhm. Ges. Wiss. V, 6 (1851) 576 - C. squamosum var. dissitum CRAIB, Fl. Siam. En. 1 (1931) 620. India to Indochina, Sumatra (Belitung), Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Philippines. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  5. Combretum sundaicum Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860) 327; FM. Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Boneo. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  6. Combretum tetralophoides Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 55; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 541. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  7. Combretum tetralophum Clarke in Hook. f. Fl. Br. Ind. 2 (1878) 454; FM. C. acuminatum acuminatum(non (non Roxb.) K.Schum. &Hollr. FL. Kais. Wilh.-Land (1889) 84. C. wrayi King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 339. C. tetragonocarpum (non Kurz) Koord. Minah. (1898) 453; Koord.-Schum. Syst. Verz. 3, I (1914) 93 C. neurophyllum (non Miq.) Backer. Buil. Jard. Bot. Btzg II, no 12 (1913) 12. Thailand, Indochina, Malesia, Caroline Islands, not in the Philippines and Maluku to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

  8. Combretum trifoliatum Vent. Choix PI. (1808) t. 58; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 537. C. lucidum BL. Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. (1825) 641. Cacoucia? trifoliata DC. Prod. 3 (1828) 22. Cacoucia lucida Hassk. Cat. Hort. Bog. (1844) 254. Embryogonia lucida BL. in Mus. Bot. Lugd.-Bat. 2 (1855) 122, t. 52 (1856). Myanmar to Indochina and Malesia (except Philippines and Maluku). SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  9. Combretum yunnanense Exell, Sunyatsenia I (1938) 88, t. 21, f. F,t. 23; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 540. C. chinense (an Roxb.?) Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 43. C. chinense var. pubescens King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66,2(1897) 339. Mainland Asia (Yunnan), possibly also Assam and Bengal, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo. SUMATRA.


LUMNITZERA Willd.

  1. Lumnitzera littorea (Jack) Voigt, Hort. Suburb. Calc. (1845) 39; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 586. Pyrrhanthus littoreus Jack, Mai. Misc. 2, no 7 (1822) 57. Laguncularia purpurea Gaudich, in Freycinet. Voy. Bot. (1826) 481, t. 104. L. purpurea Presl, Rep. Bot. 1 (1834) 155. L. coccinea W. & A. Prod. (1834) 316. Tropical Asia to Australia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Lumnitzera racemosa Willd. Neue Schr. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. 4 (1803) 187; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 588.

    • Lumnitzera racemosa var. racemosa. L. racemosa Willd. in Neue Schr. Ges. Naturf. Fr. Berl. 4 (1803) 187; FM. Laguncularia rosea Gaud, in FREYC. Voy. Bot. (1826) 481, t. 105, f. 2. L. rosea Presl, Rep. Bot. 1 (1834) 155. Petaloma alba Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 344. L. racemosa var. pubescens Koord. & VAL. Bijdr. Booms. 9 (1903) 34. Old World tropics. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

    • Lumnitzera racemosa var. lutea (Gaud.) Exell, Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 589. - Laguncularia lutea Gaud, in FREYC. Voy. Bot. (1826) 481, t. 105, f. 1. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.


QUISQUALIS L.

Species now moved to Combretum.

  1. Quisqualis conferta (Jack) Exell, J. Bot. 69 (1931) 122. Sphalanthus confertus Jack, Mai. Misc. 2, no 7 (1822) 55. Q. densiflora Wall. [Cat. (1831) 4011 nomen nudum] ex Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1855) 611. Sphalanthus ovatifolius Jack ex Steud. Nom. ed. 2, 2 (1841) 621, nomen nudum. Thailand, Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, possibly also Sumatra. SUMATRA?.

  2. Quisqualis indica LINNE, Sp. PI. ed. 2, 1 (1762) 556; FM. Quisqualis RUMPH. Herb. Amb. 5 (1747) 71, t. 38. Kleinia quadricolor Crantz, Inst. 2 (1766) 488. Q. pubescens Burm.f. Fl. Ind. (1768) 104, t. 35, f. 2. Q. glabra BURM.f. op. cit. 104, t. 28, f. 2. Q. spinosa Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 254. Q. densiflora (non Wall. ex Miq.) F.-Vill. Novis. App. (1880) 81. Throughout Old World tropics. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  3. Quisqualis sulcata Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 49; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 546. - Q. sulcata var. subcordata Sloot. l.c. (1919) et (1924) 62; Exell, l.c. - Q. indica (non L.) Sloot. l.c. (1924) 61, quoad spec. TEYSMANN 12837. Sulawesi and the Lesser Sunda Islands. SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.


TERMINALIA L.

  1. Terminalia adenopoda Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860) 327; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 581. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  2. Terminalia beccarii Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 325; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 573. Endemic to New Guinea in Mt Arfak. PAPUA.

  3. Terminalia bellirica (Gaertn.) Roxb. PI. Corom. 2 (1805) 54, t. 198 (',‘bellerica’). Myrobalanus bellirica Gaertn. Fruct. 2 (1791) 90, t. 97, f. a-d ('(‘bellirina’). ). : Terminalia punctata ROTH, Nov. Sp. (1821) 381. - Terminalia laurinoides Terminalia & B. ex Miq. - Terminalia lauriformis l.c. - Terminalia & B. [Cat. Hort. Bog. 1855, 252, ined.] ex Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 22. - Terminalia moluccana (non LAMK) Miq. torn. cit. (1855) 601; K.Schum. in K.Schum. & Hollr. FL. Kais. Wilh. Land (1889) 84. - T. belerica var. laurinoides Clarke, l.c.; Back. Schoolfl. Java (1911) 490. Myrobalanus laurinoides Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. (1891) 237. Sri Lanka and India east to Maluku Archipelago. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.

  4. Terminalia calamansanai (Blanco) Rolfe, J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 21 (1884) 310; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 556. - Gimbernatea calamansanai Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 266. - Pentaptera pyrifolia Presl, Abh. Kon. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. 6 (1851) 575.T. pyrifolia Kurz, Prelim. Rep. For. Veg. Pegu App. A (1875) 59. - Terminalia papilioHANCE, J. Bot 15 (1877) 333. - Terminalia bialata (non Kurz) Fern.-Vill. Novis. App. Fl. Philip. (1880) 80 pro parte quoad syn. cit. ‘Gimbernatia Calamansanay’. - Myrobalanus pyrifolia Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. (1891) 237. - T. bialata (non Steud.) Kino, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 332. - Terminalia mollis Merr. Govt Lab. Publ. (Philip.) 17 (1904) 34 non Terminalia mollis Laws. (1871) nec Rolfe (1885). - Terminalia blancoi Merr. Philip. J. Sc. C. Bot. 4 (1909) 645. - Terminalia calamansanai var. acuminata Merr. torn. cit. (1909) 646 et var. platypteris Merr. l.c. - Terminalia latialata C. - Terminalia White, J. Arn. Arb. 10 (1929) 249.

  5. Terminalia canaliculate Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 327; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 581. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Terminalia capitulata Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 322; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 583. Endemic to western New Guinea: Balim River.

  7. Terminalia catappa LINNÉ, Syst. Nat. ed. 12, 2 (1767) 674 (err. 638); FM. Catappa RUMPH. Herb. Amb. 1 (1741) 174, t. 68. - Terminalia moluccana LAMK, Encycl. 1 (1783) 349. - Terminalia latifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 376, non Terminalia latifolia Sw. (1788). - Terminalia macrocarpa, catappa var. macrocarpa, rhodocarpa et chlorocarpa Hassk. Tijd. Nat. Gesch. & Phys. 10 (1843) 145; Flora (1844) 606. - Terminalia mauritiana (non Lamk) Blanco, op. cit. ed. 2 (1845) 264. Myrobalanus catappa Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. (1891) 237. Tropical Asia, Australia, and Polynesia. WIDESPREAD.

  8. Terminalia celebica Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 325; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 573. Endemic to Central Sulawesi: Malili. SULAWESI.

  9. Terminalia citrina (Gaertn.) Roxb. ex Flem. in As. Res. 11 (1810) 183; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 555. - Myrobalanus citrina Gaertn. Fruct. 2 (1791) 91, t. 97, fig. n-s. - Terminalia chebula (non RETZ.) BL. Bijdr. (1825) 643. Bucida comintana Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 856. - Terminalia chebula (non Willd.) Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1855) 601; FERN.-VILL. Novis. App. (1880) 80. Embryogonia arborea Terminalia & B. in Miq. J. Bot. Neerl. 1 (1861) 365. Combretum arboreum Miq. l.c. - Terminalia citrina var. malayanaClarke in Hook. f. Fl. Br. Ind. 2 (1878) 447. - Terminalia teysmannii K. & V. Bijdr. Booms. 9 (1903) 20. - Terminalia arborea K. & V. Bijdr. Booms. 9 (1903) 22. - Terminalia multiflora Merr. Govt Lab. Publ. Philip. 27 (1904) 34. - Terminalia comintana Merr. Philip. J. Sc. C. Bot. 4(1909) 300. - Terminalia curtisii RIDL. Kew Bull. (1931) 449. India east to Indochina, throughout Malesia (probably) except New Guinea. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  10. Terminalia complanata K.Schum. in K.Schum. & Hollr. FI. Kais. Wilh. Land (1889) 83; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 563. New Guinea to Solomon Islands. PAPUA.

  11. Terminalia copelandii ELMER, Leafl. Philip. Bot. 5 (1913) 1759; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 579. - Terminalia crassiramea Merr. Philip. J. Sc. C. Bot. 12 (1917) 28. - Terminalia gigantea Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 33, f. 3. - Terminalia catappoides White & Francis, Proc. R. Soc. Queensl. *38 (1927) 249, f. 13. Sumatra, Borneo, Philippines, Sulawesi, Maluku, New Guinea. KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  12. Terminalia foetidissima GRIFF. Not. PI. As. 4 (1854) 685; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 577. - Terminalia sumatrana Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. Suppl. (1860) 326. Myrobalanus foetidissima Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. (1891) 237. - Terminalia oocarpa Merr. Govt Lab. Publ. Philip. 17 (1904) 32 (‘ovocarpa’); Terminalia ellipsoidea Merr. torn. eit. (1904) 33. - Terminalia borneensis Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 14. Myanmar, Thailand, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  13. Terminalia hypargyrea K.Schum. & Lauterb. Fl. Deut. Schutzgeb. Siidsee (1901) 467; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 563. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  14. Terminalia kaernbachii Warb. Bot. Jahrb. 18 (1893) 201; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 581. - T. okari C. T. White, Proc. R. Soc. Queensl. 34 (1922) 46. Maluku east to Solomon Islands. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  15. Terminalia kangeanensis Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 35, fig. 4; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 573. Endemic to Island in Java complex (Kangean, possibly also Karimunjawa). JAVA.

  16. Terminalia kjellbergii Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 322; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 559. Endemic to Central Sulawesi (Malili, Lake Towuti). SULAWESI.

  17. Terminalia longespicata Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 19, t. 1, f. 1-5; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 564. - T. phaeoneura Diels, Bot. Jahrb. 57 (1922) 419. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  18. Terminalia microcarpa DECNE, NOUV. Ann. Mus. Par. 3 (1834) 457; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 562. - Terminalia intermedia SPAN, in HOOK. Comp. Bot. Mag. 1 (1836) 347, nom. nud. - Terminalia angustifolia Blanco, Fl. Filip. (1837) 377, non Terminalia angustifolia Jacq.. (1776). - Terminalia edulis Blanco, Fl. Filip. ed. 2 (1845) 265. Pentaptera mollis Presl, Abh. Kon. Bohm. Ges. Wiss. V, 6 (1850) 574. - Terminalia javanica Miq. Fl. Ind. Bat. 1, 1 (1855) 602; Terminalia mollis (Presl) Rolfe, J. Bot. 23 (1885) 212, non Terminalia mollis Laws. (1871). Myrobalanus microcarpa Kuntze, Rev. Gen. PI. (1891) 237.- Myrobalanus javanica Kuntze, l.c. - Terminalia foveolata White & Francis ex Lane-Poole, For. Res. Papua & N. Guin. (1925) 123 (sphalm. ‘faveolata’); Proc. R. Soc. Queensl. 38 (1927) 248, f. 12. Throughout Malesia, except Peninsular Malaysia; from Sumatra only based on sterile collection. SUMATRA?, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  19. Terminalia molii Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 324; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 577. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  20. Terminalia myriocarpa Heurck & Mull.Arg. Obs. Bot. (1870) 215; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 554. India east to Indochina, Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  21. Terminalia papuana Exell, Brittonia 2 (1936) 246; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 576. - T. brassii Exell, torn. cit. (1936), non T. brassii Exell (1935). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  22. Terminalia phellocarpa King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 330; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 579. Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia. Sumatra.

  23. Terminalia phillocarpa King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 330; FM. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia. SUMATRA.

  24. Terminalia rubiginosa K.Schum. in K.Schum. & Hollr. FL Kais. Wilh. Land (1889) 84; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 562. Maluku to New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  25. Terminalia samoensis Rechinger, in FEDDE, Rep. 4 (1907) 229; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 568. Sulawesi and Pacific Ocean. SULAWESI.

  26. Terminalia slooteniana Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 323; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 559. Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Terminalia soembawana Sloot. Bijdr. Combr. (1919) 11; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 574. - T. trivialis Sloot. torn. cit. (1924) 38, f. s. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands (from Kangean, Sumbawa, and Timor). NUSA TENGGARA.

  28. Terminalia steenisiana Exell, Blumea 7 (1953) 327; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 560. - T. cf. ‘foveolata’ Exell, Brittonia 2 (1936) 138. Endemic to Indonesian New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Terminalia subspathulata King, J. As. Soc. Beng. 66, 2 (1897) 332; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 558. - Terminalia bialata (non Kurz) K. & V. Bijdr. Booms. 9 (1903) 28. Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  30. Terminalia supitiana Koord. Minah. (1898) 454, 623; Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 560. Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  31. Terminalia zollingeri Exell, Exell, Fl. Malesiana ser I, 4(5) (1954) 576. - T. mollis T. & B. [Cat. Hort. Bog. 1855, 252 ined.] ex Sloot. Bull. Jard. Bot. Btzg III, 6 (1924) 30, f. 2, non T. mollis Ouv. (1871). - T. macrocarpa Sloot. op. cit. 4 (1922) 282, nomen nudum, non T. macrocarpa Kurz (1877), nomen nudum. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands: Sumbawa and West Timor. NUSA TENGGARA.

References

Exell AW. 1954. Combretaceae. Flora Malesiana ser 1. 4(5): 532-589.