Boraginaceae

BOTHRIOSPERMUM Bunge

  1. Bothriospermum zeylanicum (J. Jacq.) Druce, Rep. Bot. Exch. CI. Brit. Is. 1916 (1917) 610; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 63. — Anchusa zeylanica J. Jacq.,Eclogae 1 (1813) 47, t. 29. - Bothriospermum tenellum (Hornem.) Fischer & C.A.Meyer, Index Sent. Hort. Petrop. 1 (1855) 23. Native of mainland Asia. Introduced to and naturalized in Java.


CARMONA Cav.

  1. Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Formosa 30 (1940)61; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 65. Cordia retusa Vahl, Symb. Bot. 2 (1791) 42. Ehretia microphylla Lam., Tabl. Encycl. 1 (1792) 425. Carmona microphylla (Lam.) G.Don, Gen. Syst. 4 (1837) 391. Ehretia buxifolia Roxb., PI. Corom. 1 (1796) 42. India to E Asia, also widespread in Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


COLDENIA L.

  1. Coldenia procumbens L., Sp. PI. (1753) 125; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 67. Africa, S to E Asia, Malesia, and Australia. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


CYNOGLOSSUM L.

  1. Cynoglossum amabile Stapf & Drumm., Kew Bull. (1906) 202; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 82. Native of S China. Introduced to Java.

  2. Cynoglossum castaneum Riedl, Blumea 38 (1994) 462; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 82. Endemic to Central Java: only known from the type. JAVA.

  3. Cynoglossum celebicum Brand in Engl., Pflanzenr., fam. IV.252 (1921) 147; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 83. Endemic to Sulawesi: only known from type collection. SULAWESI.

  4. Cynoglossum furcatum Wall, in Roxb., Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 2 (1824) 6; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 83. - Cynoglossum zeylanicum Brand in Engl., Pflanzenr., fam. IV.252 (1921) 134, p.p., non Thunb. ex Lehm. (1817), nomen in syn. = Echinospermum zeylanicum Lehm. S to E Asia, Java, Philippines. JAVA.

  5. Cynoglossum hellwigii Brand in Fedde, Repert. 13 (1915) 546.; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 84. - Cynoglossum javanicum auct. non Thunb. ex Lehm.: Van Royen, Pac. Sc. 29 (1975) 95. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Cynoglossum javanicum Thunb. ex Lehm., Neue Schr. Naturf. Ges. Halle 3 (1817) 21; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997). Sumatra, Java, possibly also Bali and Lombok. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  7. Cynoglossum lanceolatum Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 41. Cynoglossum micranthum Desf., Tabl. Ec. Bot. (1804) 220. Africa to C Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  8. Cynoglossum timorense Riedl, Blumea 38 (1994) 463; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 89. Endemic to Lesser Sunda Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.


EHRETIA L.

  1. Ehretia acuminata R. Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 497; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 92. - Ehretia serrata Roxb., Hort. Beng. (1814) 17, nomen; Fl. Ind., ed. Carey & Wall., 2 (1824)340, descr. - Ehretia ovalifolia Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bogor. (1844) 137. - Ehretia polyantha DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 503; Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1856) 920. — Ehretia acuminata R. Br. var. polyantha (DC.) I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 32 (1951) 24. - Ehretia acuminata R. Br. var. pyrifolia (D. Don) I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 32 (1951) 23. China, Malesia, and Australia. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Ehretia asperula Zoll. & Mor. in Mor., Syst. Verz. Zoll. (1845-46) 52; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997). Hainan, Vietnam, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  3. Ehretia dichotoma Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 842; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997). Ehretia laurifolia Decne., Nouv. Ann. Mus. Paris 3 (1834) 395. ? Ehretia lucida Herb. Timor. 67. Span., Linnaea 15 (1841) 334. Ehretia timorensis auct. non Decne.: Ng in Tree Fl. Malaya 4 (1989) 62. Andaman and Vietnam, W Malesia east to Sulawesi and Timor. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  4. Ehretia javanica Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 842; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 95. Java, probably Borneo, and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  5. Ehretia keyensis Warb., Bot. Jahrb. 13 (1891)424; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 95. Maluku: Kei Islands. MALUKU.

  6. Ehretia moluccanaRiedl, Blumea 38 (1994)463; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 96. Endemic to Maluku Archipelago: Ternate, Halmahera, Seram. MALUKU.


HELIOTROPIUM L.

  1. Heliotropium amplexicaule Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3 (1794) 21; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 101. - Heliotropium anchusaefolium Poir., Encycl. Suppl. 3 (1813) 23. — Cochranea anchusifolia (Poir.) Guerke in Engl. & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4, 3a (1894) 97. Native of S America. Introduced to Indonesia: Java.

  2. Heliotropium arborescens L., Syst. Nat., ed. 10 (1759) 913; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 102. — Heliotropium peruvianum L., Sp. PI., ed. 2 (1762) 187, nom. superfl. Native of Peru. Introduced to Indonesia: Java.

  3. Heliotropium curassavicum L., Sp. PL (1753) 130; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 103. Native of American continent. Introduced to Indonesia: Java.

  4. Heliotropium elongatum (Lehm.) Willd. ex Cham., Linnaea 4 (1829) 452; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 103. - Tiaridium elongatum Lehm., PI. Asperif. Nucif. (1818) 16. - Heliotropium decipiens Steenis ex Backer, nomen in Backer & Bakh. f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 462, in syn. Native of S America. Introduced to Indoensia: Java.

  5. Heliotropium indicum L., Sp. PI. (1753) 130; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997). Probably native of Tropical America. Introduced to Indonesia.

  6. Heliotropium madurense Riedl, Blumea 38 (1994) 463; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 105. - Heliotropium paniculatum auct. non R.Br.: Backer & Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 462. Endemic to Madura. JAVA.

  7. Heliotropium ovalifolium Forssk., Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. (1775) 38; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 107. Tropical Africa and Asia, Lesser Sunda Islands, and Solomon Islands. NUSA TENGGARA.

  8. Heliotropium paniculatum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1 (1810) 494; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 107. Lesser Sunda Islands (?), New Guinea, and Australia. PAPUA.

  9. Heliotropium scabrum Retz., Observ. 2 (1781) 8; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 108. - Heliotropium marifolium Retz., I.e.; Backer & Bakh. f., Fl. Java 2 (1965) 462. - Heliotropium cyrtostachyum Koenig. Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1856) 924. Pakistan east to Hainan, Java, Sulawesi(?), and Lesser Sunda Islands. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  10. Heliotropium ventricosum R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 1 (1810) 494; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 108. Lesser Sunda Islands (Timor), Maluku (Aru), New Guinea, and Australia. NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.


MYOSOTIS L.

  1. Myosotis australis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 494; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 111. - Myosotis australis R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 494. New Guinea, Australia, New Zealand, Tasmannia. PAPUA.

  2. Myosotis scorpioides L., Sp. PI. (1753) 131; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 113. Europe, N Africa, mainland Asia, and N America. Introduced to Java.


OMPHALODES Moench

  1. Omphalodes linifolia (L.) Moench, Meth. (1794) 419; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 114. - Omphalodes linifolia (L.) Moench, Meth. (1794) 419. Europe. Introduced to Java.


ROTULA Lour.

  1. Rotula aquatica Lour., Fl. Cochinch. (1790) 121; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 115. - Rhabdia lycioides Mart., Nov. Gen. 2 (1827) 136. Tropical Africa and Asia. KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, PAPUA.


TOURNEFORTIA L.

  1. Tournefortia argentea L.f., Suppl. Plant. (1781) 133; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 118. - Messerschmidia argentea (L. f.) I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 16 (1935) 164. Argusia argentea (L. f.) Heine in Fl. Nouv.-Calcd. 7 (1976) 109. Old World tropics. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Tournefortia luzonica I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 16 (1935) 156; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 118. Philippines and New Guinea: Biak. PAPUA.

  3. Tournefortia muelleri I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 16 (1935) 157; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 120. — Tournefortia mollis F. Muell., Fragm. 1 (1858) 59, nom. illeg., nec Bertoloni (1852). Malesia and Australia. NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  4. Tournefortiaoppositifolia Riedl, Bluraea 41 (1996) 444; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 121. Endemic to Buru: SE of Bara. MALUKU.

  5. Tournefortia sarmentosa Lam., Tab. Encycl. 1 (1791) 416; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 121. - Tournefortia tetrandra Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 845. Tournefortia urvilleana Cham., Linnaea 4 (1829) 465. - Tournefortia hirsuta Reinw. ex Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 2 (1899) 487, nomen, in syn. - Tournefortia horsfieldii Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1858) 927. - Tournefortia macrophylla K. Schum. & Lauterb.,Fl. Deutsch. Schutzgeb. Siidsee (1901) 520. - Tournefortia sarmentosa Lam. var. magnifolia Domin, Bibl. Bot. 89 (1928) 1097. Tournefortia glabrifolia Domin, Bibl. Bot. 89 (1928) 1098. Taiwan, Malesia, Australia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  6. Tournefortia tetrandra Blume, Bijdr. (1826) 845; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 123. - Heliotropium scandens Noronha, Verh. Bat. Genootsch. 5 (1827) 78. - Tournefortia tetrandra Blume var. glabra Hassk., Flora 25/2, (1842), Beibl. 27. Tournefortia glabra (Hassk.) Zoll. & Mor. ex Zoll., Nat. Geneesk. Arch. Ned. Ind. 2 (1845) 5. — Tetrandra glabra (Hassk.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1858) 929. Tournefortia wallichii DC., Prodr. 9 (1845) 527. — Tetrandra wallichii (DC.) Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1858) 928. Tournefortia tetrandra Blume var. angustifolia Mor., Syst. Verz. (1845-46)52, nomen nudum. Tournefortia tetrandra Blume var. longiflora Hassk., PI. Jav. Rar. (1848) 492. Tetrandra zollingeri Miq., Fl. Ind. Bat. 2 (1858) 928. Sri Lanka, Nicobar, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, Java, Borneo, Philippines, New Guinea. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, PAPUA.


TRICHODESMA R.Br.

  1. Trichodesma zeylanicum (Burm.f.) R.Br., Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. (1810) 496; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 125. - Borago zeylanica Burm. f., Fl. Ind. (1768) 41.

    • Trichodesma zeylanicum var. zeylanicum. Trichodesma zeylanicum (Burm.f.) R.Br, subsp. eu-zeylanicum Brand var. vulgare Brand f. typicum Brand & f. longifolium Brand in Engl., Pflanzenr., fam. IV.252 (1921) 41. Tropical Africa and Asia. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

    • Trichodesma zeylanicum var. sericeum (Lindl.) Benth., Fl. Austral. 4 (1869) 405; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 127. — Trichodesma sericeum Lindl. in Mitch., J. Trop. Austral. (1848) 258. — Trichodesma zeylanicum subsp. eu-zeylanicum Brand var. australe Brand f. sericeum (Lindl.) Brand in Engl., Pflanzenr., fam. IV. 252 (1921) 42. Lesser Sunda Islands and Australia. NUSA TENGGARA.


TRIGONOTIS Steven

  1. Trigonotis abata I.M.Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 58; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 130. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Trigonotis ciliolata I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 33 (1952) 68; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 131. Endemic to western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Trigonotis culminicola P.Royen, Pac. Sc. 29 (1975) 90; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 132. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  4. Trigonotis haackii F. Muell., Trans. Roy. Soc. Vict., N. S. 1/2 (1889) 30; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 132. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Trigonotis hirsuta Steenis, Bot. Jahrb. 86 (1967) 398. Endemic to N Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  6. Trigonotis inoblita F. Muell., Trans. Roy. Soc. Vict., N.S. 1/2 (1889) 31; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 133.

    • Trigonotis inoblita var. inoblita. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

    • Trigonotis inoblita var. archboldii (I.M. Johnston) P. Royen, Pac. Sc. 29 (1975) 88; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 135. — Trigonotis archboldii I.M.Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 58. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  7. Trigonotis minuta (Wernham) I.M Johnston, Contr. Gray Herb. 81 (1928) 81; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 135. - Lithospermum minutus Wernham, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. II, 9 (1916) 118. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Trigonotis papuana (Hemsl.) I.M.Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 63; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 136. - Havilandia papuana Hemsl., Kew Bull. (1899) 107. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  9. Trigonotis pleiomera I.M.Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 61; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 138. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  10. Trigonotis procumbens (Warb.) I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 62; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 138. - Zoelleria procumbens Warb., Bot. Jahrb. 17 (1893) 28. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  11. Trigonotis robusta (I.M. Johnston) I.M. Johnston, J. Arnold Arbor. 21 (1940) 62; Riedl, Fl. Malesiana ser 1, 13 (1997) 140. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

References

Riedl H. 1997. Boraginaceae. Flora Malesiana,Series I, 13: 43-144.