Araliaceae

ANAKASIA Philipson

  1. Anakasia simplicifolia Philipson, Blumea 21: 87 (1973); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). - W. New Guinea. PAPUA.


ARALIDIUM Miq.

  1. Aralidium pinnatifidum (Jungh. & de Vriese) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 763 (1856). – Aralia pinnatifida Jungh. & de Vriese, Ned. Kruidk. Arch. 1: 15 (1846). – Aralidium dentatum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2: 340 (1861). – Aralidium integrifolium Heine, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 54: 245 (1951). Vietnam, Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

ARALIA L.

Synonym: Acanthophora Merr.; Pentapanax Seem.

  1. Aralia bipinnata Blanco, Fl. Filip.: 222 (1837); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia bipinnata f. inermis Steenis, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 17: 393 (1948). Taiwan, Philippines, W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Aralia chinensis L., Sp. Pl. 1: 273 (1753); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). - S. China to tnam, Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Aralia dasyphylla Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 751 (1856); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia javanica Miq., Pl. Jungh.: 420 (1856). – Aralia beccarii Ridl., J. Malayan Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 1: 64 (1923). West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  4. Aralia ferox Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 137 (1856); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia filicifolia Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 42 (1917), nom. illeg. – Aralia ferox f. nana Steenis, Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 17: 394 (1948). Sumatera to W. Jawa. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  5. Aralia frodiniana J.Wen, Novon 11: 489 (2001); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). SW Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  6. Aralia indonesica Doweld, Phytotaxa 297(1): 65 (2017); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Pentapanax elegans Koord., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 1: 182 (1918). – Pentapanax elegans var. pubescens Koord., Bull. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg, sér. 3, 1: 183 (1918). – Aralia laevis J.Wen, Brittonia 45: 53 (1993), non Reid (1930). E. Java. JAVA.

  7. Aralia merrillii C.B.Shang, J. Nanjing Inst. Forest. 2: 28 (1985); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). - Acanthophora scandens Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 13: 316 (1918). – Aralia scandens (Merr.) Ha, Novosti Sist. Vyssh. Rast. 11: 229 (1974), nom. illeg. – Neoacanthophora scandens (Merr.) Bennet, Indian J. Forest. 2: 283 (1979). – Cwangayana scandens (Merr.) Rauschert, Taxon 31: 556 (1982). Indo-China to W & C. Malesia. KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  8. Aralia montana Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17: 870 (1826); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia decomposita Reinw. ex de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 84 (1857). – Aralia montana var. acutata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 9 (1863). – Aralia montana var. crassifolia Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 367 (1948). Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  9. Aralia urticifolia Blume ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 9 (1863). – Aralia dasyphylla var. urticifolia (Blume ex Miq.) Bakh.f., Beknopte Fl. Java [C.A. Backer] 7(159): 18 (1948). – Aralia javanica var. urticifolia (Blume ex Miq.) Bakh.f., Beknopte Fl. Java [C.A. Backer] 7(159): 18 (1948); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. - W. Java (Mt. Papandayan). JAVA.


BRASSAIOPSIS Decne. & Planch.

  1. Brassaiopsis glomerulata (Blume) Regel, Gartenflora 12: 275 (1863); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia glomerulata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 873 (1826). – Hedera glomerulata (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 265 (1830). – Macropanax glomerulatus (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 764 (1856). – Macropanax cyrtostylus Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 13 (1863). – Brassaiopsis cyrtostyla (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 293 (1864). – India to S. China and West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  2. Brassaiopsis resecta (Miq.) Esser & Jebb, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae [D.G. Frodin & R.H.A. Govaerts]: 103 (2003 publ. 2004); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Kalopanax resectus Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 18 (1863). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  3. Brassaiopsis sumatrana (Miq.) Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 43 (1917); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Kalopanax sumatranus Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 17 (1863). – Euaraliopsis sumatrana (Miq.) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 624 (1967), not validly publ. Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  4. Brassaiopsis sumatrana var. variifolia Philipson, Fl. Males. 9(1): 93 (1979); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Brassaiopsis ovalifolia Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 43 (1917). West Sumatra. SUMATRA.


DELARBREA Vieill.

  1. Delarbrea collina Vieill., Bull. Soc. Bot. Norm. 9: 342 (1865). E Malesia to New Caledonia and Solomon Islands. NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU.


DENDROPANAX Decne. & Planch.

  1. Dendropanax borneensis (Philipson) Merr., Brittonia 4: 132 (1941); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Gilibertia borneensis Philipson, J. Bot. 78: 116 (1940). N. Sumatra, N. & NW. Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  2. Dendropanax lancifolius (Ridl.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 1: 884 (1922); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. - Arthrophyllum lancifolium Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 75: 38 (1917). - Cambodia, Pen. Malaysia to N. Sumatera. SUMATRA.

  3. Dendropanax maingayi King, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 67: 58 (1898). – Gilibertia maingayi (King) Philipson, J. Bot. 78: 117 (1940); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). S. Indochina to Sumatra. SUMATRA.


GAMBLEA C.B.Clarke

  1. Gamblea malayana (M.R.Hend.) C.B.Shang, Lowry & Frodin, Adansonia, sér. 3, 22: 53 (2000); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Acanthopanax malayanus M.R.Hend., Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 7: 105 (1933). – Eleutherococcus malayanus (M.R.Hend.) B.C.Stone, Malaysian Forester 43: 395 (1980). – Evodiopanax malayanus (M.R.Hend.) C.B.Shang & J.Y.Huang, J. Nanjing Forest. Univ. 17(4): 34 (1993). Peninsular Malaysia and Sumatra. SUMATRA.


HARMSIOPANAX Warb.

Synonym: Horsfieldia Blume ex DC.; Schubertia Blume

  1. Harmsiopanax aculeatus (Blume) Warb. ex Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 3: 88 (1900); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schubertia aculeata Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 885 (1826). – Horsfieldia aculeata (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 87 (1830). – Horsfieldia peltata Benth. & Hook.f., Gen. Pl. 1: 937 (1876). Jawa, Lesser Sunda Islands, Sulawesi. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  2. Harmsiopanax ingens Philipson, Blumea 21: 84 (1973); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


HEPTAPLEURUM Gaertn.

Synonyms: Actinomorphe (Miq.) Miq.; Agalma Miq.; Brassaia Endl.; Cephaloschefflera (Harms) Merr.; Gynapteina (Blume) Spach; Heptoneurum Hassk.; Parapanax Miq.; Paratropia (Blume) DC.; Scheffleropsis Ridl.; Tupidanthus Hook.f. & Thomson

  1. Heptapleurum actinophyllum (Endl.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 146 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Brassaia actinophylla Endl., Nov. Stirp. Dec. 1: 89 (1839). – Schefflera actinophylla (Endl.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 36 (1894). S. New Guinea to N. Australia. PAPUA.

  2. Heptapleurum acutissimum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia acutissima Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 20 (1863). – Schefflera acutissima (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 37 (1894). – Schefflera bartlettii Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 177 (1933 publ. 1934). - Sumatra, Borneo. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  3. Heptapleurum altigenum (Frodin) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 146 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera altigena Frodin, Alpine Fl. New Guinea [P. van Royen] 4: 3058 (1983). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  4. Heptapleurum angiense (Gibbs) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 146 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera angiensis Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 160 (1917). – Brassaia angiensis (Gibbs) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 622 (1967). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Heptapleurum apiculatum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865). – Paratropia apiculata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 219 (1864). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  6. Heptapleurum archboldianum (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 147 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). - Schefflera archboldiana Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 16 (1951). Endemict to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  7. Heptapleurum arfakense (Gibbs) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 147 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera arfakensis Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 159 (1917). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  8. Heptapleurum aromaticum (Blume) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 648 (1890); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Hedera aromatica Blume, Flora 7: 291 (1824). – Aralia aromatica (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 871 (1826). – Agalma aromaticum (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 298 (1854). – Paratropia aromatica (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Paratropia confinis Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Paratropia horsfieldii Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 761 (1856). – Heptapleurum confine (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Agalma horsfieldii (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 298 (1864). – Heptapleurum horsfieldii (Miq.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 648 (1890). – Schefflera aromatica (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3 (8): 38 (1894). – Schefflera confinis (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 355 (1909). – Schefflera horsfieldii (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 38 (1894). Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  9. Heptapleurum avene (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia avenis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 19 (1863). – Sciodaphyllum avene (Miq.) Korth. ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 19 (1863). – Schefflera avenis (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 38 (1894). West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA.

  10. Heptapleurum borneense (Merr.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 148 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera borneensis Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 13: 100 (1918). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  11. Heptapleurum bractescens (Ridl.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 148 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera bractescens Ridl., J. Bot. 52: 290 (1914). – Schefflera aruensis Ridl., Kew Bull. 1: 41 (1946). New Guinea (incl. Kep. Aru) to Queensland (Cook). PAPUA.

  12. Heptapleurum brassaiellum (Ridl.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 148 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera brassaiella Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 65 (1916). – Brassaia brassaiella (Ridl.) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 622 (1967). – Schefflera pullei Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 388 (1920). – Brassaia pullei (Harms) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 623 (1967). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  13. Heptapleurum burkillii (Merr.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 148 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera burkillii Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 79: 28 (1918). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  14. Heptapleurum capituliferum (Merr.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 149 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera capitulifera Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 117 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  15. Heptapleurum cephalotes C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [J.D. Hooker] 2: 731 (1879). – Schefflera cephalotes (C.B.Clarke) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl] 3(8): 36 (1894). – Brassaia cephalotes (C.B.Clarke) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 622 (1967); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera capitellata Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10: 137 (1920). –Brassaia capitellata (Ridl.) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 622 (1967). S Thailand to West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  16. Heptapleurum chaetorrhachis (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 149 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Schefflera chaetorrhachis Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 69: 280 (1938). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  17. Heptapleurum divaricatum (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Actinophyllum divaricatum Blume, Catalogus: 42 (1823). – Sciodaphyllum divaricatum (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 17: 876 (1826). – Paratropia divaricata (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Schefflera divaricata (Blume) Koord., Exkurs.-Fl. Java 2: 712 (1912). Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  18. Heptapleurum ellipticum (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Sciodaphyllum ellipticum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 878 (1826). – Hedera verticillata Span., Linnaea 15: 208 (1841). – Sciodaphyllum verticillatum (Span.) Walp., Repert. Bot. Syst. 2: 431 (1843). – Paratropia elliptica (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Paratropia macrantha Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 756 (1856). – Paratropia verticillata (Span.) K.Koch, Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 2: 365 (1859). – Paratropia micrantha Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2 : 337 (1861). – Paratropia elliptica var. verticillata (Span.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 21 (1863). – Paratropia elliptica var. micrantha (Miq.) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 21 (1863). – Paratropia elliptica var. ovata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 21 (1863). – Paratropia elliptica var. riparia Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 21 (1863). – Paratropia elliptica var. tetraphylla Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 219 (1863). – Heptapleurum verticillatum (Span.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 80 (1865). – Heptapleurum micranthum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865). – Schefflera elliptica (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl] 3(8): 39 (1894). – Schefflera micrantha (Miq.) Ridl., Fl. Malay Penins. 1: 881 (1922), nom. illeg. – Schefflera minimiflora Ridl., J. Bot. 67: 87 (1929), nom. illeg. Tropics & Subtropics Asia to N. Queensland. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, PAPUA.

  19. Heptapleurum farinosum (Blume) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 152 (2020); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Actinophyllum farinosum Blume, Catalogus: 43 (1823). – Sciodaphyllum farinosum (Blume) Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 875 (1826). – Sciodaphyllum tomentosum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 877 (1826). – Heptapleurum tomentosum var. farinosum (Blume) Hassk., Flora 25(2 Beibl. 1): 31 (1842). – Heptapleurum tomentosum (Blume) Hassk., Flora 25(2 Beibl. 1): 30 (1842). – Paratropia tomentosa var. farinosa (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Paratropia tomentosa (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Schefflera tomentosa (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 39 (1894). – Schefflera farinosa (Blume) Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 118 (1934), nom. illeg. Thailand to W. Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN.

  20. Heptapleurum fastigiatum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia fastigiata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 24 (1863). – Heptapleurum laeve Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantentuin 42: 42 (1900). – Schefflera fastigiata (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 350 (1909). – Schefflera laeve (Koord. & Valeton) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 356 (1909). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  21. Heptapleurum filipes (Mer.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 153 (2020). –Scheffllera filipes Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15: 231 (1929). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  22. Heptapleurum fimbriatum F.Muell., Descr. Notes Papuan Pl. 5: 89 (1877). – Schefflera fimbriata (F.Muell.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 38 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  23. Heptapleurum gjellerupii (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 153 (2020). – Schefflera gjellerupii Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 408 (1921). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  24. Heptapleurum gracile (Miq.) Blume ex Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia gracilis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 22 (1863). – Schefflera gracilis (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 352 (1909). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  25. Heptapleurum havilandii (Merr.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 154 (2020). – Schefflera havilandii Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 79: 29 (1918). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  26. Heptapleurum hellwigianum (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 154 (2020). – Schefflera hellwigiana Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 406 (1921). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Heptapleurum insculptum (Frodin) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 155 (2020). – Schefflera insculpta Frodin, Alpine Fl. New Guinea [P. van Royen] 4: 3052 (1983). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  28. Heptapleurum janowskyi (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 154 (2020). – Schefflera janowskyi Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 397 (1921). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  29. Heptapleurum junghuhnianum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 77 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia junghuhniana Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Paratropia calophylla Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Schefflera junghuhniana (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 38 (1894). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  30. Heptapleurum kajonense (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 154 (2020). – Schefflera kajonensis Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 400 (1921). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  31. Heptapleurum koordersii (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 156 (2020). – Schefflera koordersii Harms, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 19: 17 (1904). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  32. Heptapleurum lasioclayx (Ridl.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 156 (2020). – Schefflera lasiocalyx Ridl., Kew Bull. 1: 41 (1946). Endemic to Borneo.

  33. Heptapleurum leiophyllum (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 157 (2020). – Schefflera leiophylla Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 397 (1920). Endemic to West New Guinea. PAPUA.

  34. Heptapleurum littorale (Miq.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 647 (1890); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Parapanax littoralis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2: 339 (1861). – Paratropia littoralis (Miq.) Teijsm. & Binn., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 167 (1866). – Trevesia littoralis (Miq.) Benth. & Hook.f. ex Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Schefflera littoralis (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 38 (1894). West Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  35. Heptapleurum littoreum (Seem.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 157 (2020). – Brassaia littorea Seem., J. Bot. 2: 244 (1864). – Schefflrea littorea (Seem.) Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae: 350 (2004). Endemic to Maluku. MALUKU.

  36. Heptapleurum longifolium (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Sciodaphyllum longifolium Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 876 (1826). – Paratropia longifolia (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 266 (1830). – Aralia longifolia (Blume) Reinw. ex de Vriese, Hort. Spaarn-Berg.: 2 (1839). – Heptapleurum rigidum var. incurvum Hassk., Pl. Jav. Rar.: 459 (1856). – Paratropia longifolia var. incurva (Hassk.) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 759 (1856). – Heptapleurum longifolium var. incurvum (Hassk.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Paratropia reinwardtii Decne. & Planch., Hort. Donat.: 10 (1858). – Heptapleurum grandifolium Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantentuin 42: 40 (1900). – Schefflera longifolia (Blume) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 356 (1909). – Schefflera grandifolia (Koord. & Valeton) Koord., Exkurs.-Fl. Java 2: 714 (1912). – Schefflera lucescens var. grandifolia (Koord. & Valeton) Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 368 (1950). – Schefflera grisea Ridl., Kew Bull. 1: 43 (1946). Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  37. Heptapleurum lorentzii (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 158 (2020). – Schefflera lorentzii Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 405 (1921). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  38. Heptapleurum lucescens (Blume) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Novon 28: 158 (2020). – Aralia lucescens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 872 (1826). – Aralia pergamacea Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 873 (1826). – Paratropia pergamacea (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 266 (1830). – Heptoneurum pergamaceum (Blume) Hassk., Flora 25 (2, beibl. 1): 31 (1842). – Heptapleurum pergamaceum (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor.: 165 (1844). – Paratropia polyphylla Miq., Bonplandia 4: 139 (1856). – Heptapleurum polyphyllum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Schefflera lucescens (Blume) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 355 (1909). – Schefflera pergamacea(Blume) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 350 (1909). – Schefflera poluyphylla (Blume) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 355 (1909).

  39. Heptapleurum macrostachyum (Benth.) Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 1: 26 (1876); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Sciodaphyllum macrostachyum Benth., London J. Bot. 2: 222 (1843). – Paratropia macrostachya (Benth.) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Brassaia macrostachya (Benth.) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 244 (1864). – Schefflera macrostachya (Benth.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 36 (1894). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  40. Heptapleurum microgyne (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 159 (2020). – Schefflera microgyne Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 405 (1921). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  41. Heptapleurum minahasae (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 159 (2020). – Schefflera minahasae Harms, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 19: 17 (1904). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  42. Heptapleurum monticola (Ridl.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 159 (2020). – Schefflera monticola Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 64 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  43. Heptapleurum multifoliolatum (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 160 (2020). – Schefflera multifoliolate Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 178 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  44. Heptapleurum nabirense (Philipson) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 160 (2020). – Schefflera nabirensis Philipson, Bul. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 16 (1951). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  45. Heptapleurum nodosum (Miq.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 160 (2020). – Paratropia divaricata f. nodosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 219 (1864). – Schefflera nodosa (Miq.) F.M.Mull., Recueil Trav. Bot. Néerl. 30: 163 (1933). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  46. Heptapleurum octandrum (Ridl.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 161 (2020). – Schefflera octandra Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 65 (1916). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  47. Heptapleurum oligodon (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 161 (2020). – Schefflera oligodon Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 398 (1920). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  48. Heptapleurum oxyphyllum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 80 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia oxyphylla Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2: 338 (1861). – Paratropia subulata Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 22 (1863). – Heptapleurum subulatum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865). – Schefflera oxyphylla (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 355 (1909). – Schefflera subulata (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 351 (1909). Peninsular Thailand to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  49. Heptapleurum pagiophyllum (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 62 (2020). – Schefflera pagiophylla Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 399 (1920). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  50. Heptapleurum papuanum (Ridl.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 162 (2020). – Schefflera papuana Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 65 (1916). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  51. Heptapleurum parasiticum (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Sciodaphyllum parasiticum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 877 (1826). – Sciodaphyllum humile Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 875 (1826). – Actinomorphe humilis (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 749 (1840). – Schefflera parasitica (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 36. 1894. Endemic to West Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  52. Heptapleurum petiolosum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia petiolosa Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 24 (1863). – Agalma redivivum Seem., J. Bot. 2: 299 (1864). – Heptapleurum redivivum (Seem.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 648 (1890). – Schefflera petiolosa (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 39 (1894). – Schefflera rediviva (Seem.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 37 (1894). – Schefflera racemosa Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 79: 30 (1918), nom. illeg. – Schefflera hexaphylla R.N.Banerjee, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 10: 221 (1969). Endmic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  53. Heptapleurum phanerophlebium (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 163 (2020). – Schefflera phanerophlebia Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 118 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  54. Heptapleurum politum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia polita Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 72 (1863). – Schefflera polita (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 351 (1909). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  55. Heptapleurum polyastrum (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 163 (2020). – Schefflera polyastra Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 391 (1920). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  56. Heptapleurum polybotryum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia polybotrya Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 755 (1856). – Paratropia teijsmaniana K.Koch, Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 2: 365 (1859). – Aralia teysmannii K.Koch, Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 4: 223 (1861). – Paratropia eurhyncha Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 21 (1863). – Heptapleurum eurhynchum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865). – Schefflera polybotrya (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 352 (1909). – Schefflera eurhyncha (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 349 (1909). – Schefflera subavenis var. eurhyncha (Miq.) Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 368 (1950). – Schefflera polybotrya var. eurhyncha (Miq.) Bakh.f., Fl. Java 2: 165 (1965). Java, S. Sulawesi. JAVA, SULAWESI.

  57. Heptapleurum polychaetum (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 163 (2020). – Schefflera polychaeta Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 273 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  58. Heptapleurum porphyrantherum (Ridl.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 163 (2020). – Schefflera porphyranthera Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 64 (1916). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  59. Heptapleurum quadripetalum (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 164 (2020). – Schefflera quadripetala Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 23: 187 (1938). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  60. Heptapleurum reinianum (Frodin) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 164 (2020). – Schefflera reiniana Frodin, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 140: 337 (1988). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  61. Heptapleurum remotiserratum (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 164 (2020). – Schefflera remotiserrata Merr., Sarawak Mus. J. 3: 537 (1928). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  62. Heptapleurum reticulatum (Philipson) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 164 (2020). – Schefflera reticulata Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 15 (1951). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  63. Heptapleurum rhynchocarpum (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 164 (2020). – Schefflera rhynchocarpa Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 119 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  64. Heptapleurum rigidum (Blume) Hassk., Flora 25(2 Beibl. 1): 30 (1842); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia rigida Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 874 (1826). – Sciodaphyllum lucidum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 877 (1826). – Paratropia rigida (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 266 (1830). – Aralia lucida (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 164 (1844), nom. illeg. – Paratropia lucida (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Paratropia rigida var. venosa Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 759 (1856). – Heptapleurum rigidum var. venosum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Paratropia rigida var. brevifolia Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 25 (1863). – Heptapleurum rigidum var. brevifolium (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865). – Schefflera rigida (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 39 (1894). – Schefflera lucescens var. rigida (Blume) Bakh.f., Blumea 6: 368 (1950). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  65. Heptapleurum rugosum (Blume) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 648 (1890); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Aralia rugosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 872 (1826). – Aralia simillima Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 871 (1826). – Hedera rugosa (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 265 (1830). – Hedera simillima (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 265 (1830). – Agalma rugosum (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Agalma simillimum (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Hedera squarrosa Jungh., Tijdschr. Natuurl. Gesch. Physiol. 7: 301 (1840). – Hedera heptaphylla Jungh. ex Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 752 (1856). – Schefflera rugosa (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 37 (1894). Sumatra to Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  66. Heptapleurum sarasinorum (Harms ex Koord.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 165 (2020). – Schefflera sarasinorum Harms ex Koord., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 63: 93 (1904). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  67. Heptapleurum scandens (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). Sciodaphyllum scandens Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 878 (1826). – Paratropia scandens (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Schefflera scandens (Blume) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 348 (1909). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  68. Heptapleurum scytinophyllum (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 165 (2020). – Schefflera scytinophylla Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 399 (1920). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  69. Heptapleurum secundum (Philipson) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 165 (2020). – Schefflera secunda Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 14 (1951). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  70. Heptapleurum serratum (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 79 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia serrata Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). – Unjala serrata (Miq.) Reinw. ex de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient.: 89 (1857). – Schefflera serrata (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 355 (1909). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  71. Heptapleurum sessile (Miq.) Boerl., Handl. Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(2): 648 (1891); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Parapanax sessilis Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2: 339 (1861). – Brassaia sessilis (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 244 (1864). – Schefflera sessilis (Miq.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 36 (1894). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  72. Heptapleurum setulosum (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novn 28: 166 (2020). – Schefflera setulose Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 392 (1920). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  73. Heptapleurum sibayakense (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 166 (2020). – Schefflera sibayakensis Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 120 (1934). Endemic to North Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  74. Heptapleurum singalangense (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Paratropia singalangensis Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 23 (1863). – Schefflera singalangensis (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 331 (1909). Western Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  75. Heptapleurum subavene (Blume) Hassk., Cat. Hort. Bot. Bogor. Alt.: 165 (1844); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Sciodaphyllum subavene Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 876 (1826). – Paratropia corona-sylvae Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 138 (1856). –Heptapleurum corona-sylvae (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 78 (1865). – Schefflera corona-sylvae (Miq.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 9: 352 (1909). – Schefflera subavenis (Blume) Hochr., Candollea 2: 485 (1925). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  76. Heptapleurum subavene var. brachybotrya (Miq.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 166 (2020). – Paratropia brachybotrya Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 755 (1856). – Schefflera subavenis var. brachybotrya (Miq.) Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae: 377 (2004). Sumatra (Bangka), Java. SUMATRA, JAVA.

  77. Heptapleurum tanyrhachis (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 167 (2020). – Schefflera tanyrhachis Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 406 (1921). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  78. Heptapleurum tetrandrum (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 167 (2020). – Schefflera tetrandra Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 13 Bot.: 102 (1918). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  79. Heptapleurum versteegii (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 168 (2020). – Schefflera versteegii Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 272 (1910). Endemic to Western New Guinea. PAPUA.

  80. Heptapleurum winkleri (Harms) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 168 (2020). – Schefflera winkleri Harms, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 21 (1917). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  81. Heptapleurum yatesii (Merr.) G.M.Plunkett & Lowry, Novon 28: 168 (2020). – Schefflera yatesii Merr., Pap. Michigan Acad. Sci. 19: 178 (1934). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.


MACKINLAYA F.Muell.

Synonym: Anomopanax Harms

  1. Mackinlaya celebica (Harms) Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 8 (1951). – Anomopanax celebicus Harms, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 19: 14 (1904). – Anomopanax arfakensis Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 163 (1917). E Malesia to Solomon Islands. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  2. Mackinlaya radiata Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 6 (1951). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  3. Mackinlaya schlechteri (Harms) Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 7 (1951). – Anomopanax schlechteri Harms, Nachtr. [K. Schumann & C. Lauterbach]: 332 (1905). – Anomopanax versteegii Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 276 (1910). – Mackinlaya versteegii (Harms) Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 7 (1951). – Mackinlaya brassii Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 6 (1951). – Mackinlaya klossii Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 6 (1951). – Mackinlaya subulata Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 7 (1951). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.


MACROPANAX Miq.

Synonym: Hederopsis C.B.Clarke

  1. Macropanax concinnus Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 220 (1864); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  2. Macropanax dispermus (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 271 (1891); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia disperma Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 872 (1826). – Hedera disperma (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 265 (1830). – Brassaiopsis disperma (Blume) K.Koch, Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 2: 364 (1859). – Panax serratus Wall. ex DC., Prodr. 4: 253 (1830). – Aralia calyculata Zoll. & Moritzi in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 1: 41 (1854). – Macropanax floribundus Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Brassaiopsis floribunda (Miq.) K.Koch, Wochenschr. Gärtnerei Pflanzenk. 2: 364 (1859), nom. illeg. – Macropanax oreophilus Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). Himalaya to China (Yunnan) and W. Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  3. Macropanax maingayi (C.B.Clarke) Philipson, Fl. Males. 9: 87 (1979); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Hederopsis maingayi C.B.Clarke in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 2: 739 (1879). – Arthrophyllum trifoliatum Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 8(4): 43 (1916). – Hederopsis major Ridl., Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1929: 124 (1929). S. Indo-China to Sumatra. SUMATRA.


OSMOXYLON Miq.

Synonyms: Boerlagiodendron Harms; Eschweileria Zipp. ex Boerl.; Pseudosantalum Kuntze

  1. Osmoxylon boerlagei (Warb.) Philipson, Blumea 23: 112 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Eschweileria boerlagei Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 13: 295 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron boerlagei (Warb.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 32 (1894). – Boerlagiodendron warburgii Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 32 (1894), nom. illeg. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Osmoxylon borneense Seem., Rev. Hederac.: 104 (1868). – Boerlagiodendron borneense (Seem.) Merr., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 84(Spec. No.): 456 (1921); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Osmoxylon helleborinum Becc., Malesia 1: 198 (1878). – Eschweileria helleborinum (Becc.) Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 115 (1887). – Trevesia helleborina (Becc.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron helleborinum (Becc.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 31 (1894). Endemic to Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Osmoxylon celebicum Philipson, Blumea 23: 115 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Boerlagiodendron celebicum Harms ex Koord., Meded. Lands Plantentuin 19: 489 (1898), nom. nud. Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  4. Osmoxylon geelvinkianum Becc., Malesia 1: 196 (1878). – Eschweileria geelvinkiana (Becc.) Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 120 (1887). – Trevesia geelvinkiana (Becc.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron geelvinkeanum (Becc.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 32 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Eschweileria elegans Ridl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 9: 63 (1916). – Boerlagiodendron elegans (Ridl.) Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 380 (1920). – Boerlagiodendron ledermannii Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 383 (1920). – Boerlagiodendron stenolobum Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 382 (1920). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  5. Osmoxylon insidiator Becc., Malesia 1: 195 (1878). – Eschweileria insidiator (Becc.) Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 120 (1887). – Trevesia insidiator (Becc.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron insidiator (Becc.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 31 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Osmoxylon carpophagarum Becc., Malesia 1: 196 (1878). – Eschweileria carpophagarum (Becc.) Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 120 (1887). – Trevesia carpophagarum (Becc.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron carpophagarum (Becc.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 32 (1894). – Boerlagiodendron pachycephalum Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 271 (1910). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  6. Osmoxylon kostermansii Philipson, Blumea 23: 108 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to Borneo (Kalimantan). KALIMANTAN.

  7. Osmoxylon luzoniense (Merr.) Philipson, Blumea 23: 116 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Philippines, N. Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  8. Osmoxylon masarangense Philipson, Blumea 23: 111 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to N. Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  9. Osmoxylon micranthum (Harms) Philipson, Blumea 23: 115 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Boerlagiodendron micranthum Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 379 (1920). – Boerlagiodendron sayeri Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 380 (1920). – Eschweileria gawadensis Baker f., J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 22 (1923). – Boerlagiodendron tricolor Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 11 (1951). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  10. Osmoxylon miquelii Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 125 (1887). – Pseudosantalum miquelii (Boerl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 271 (1891); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Gastonia simplicifolia Zipp. ex Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 6 (1863). Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  11. Osmoxylon novoguineense (Scheff.) Becc., Malesia 1: 197 (1878); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Trevesia novoguineensis Scheff., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 1: 26 (1876). – Eschweileria novoguineensis (Scheff.) Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 118 (1887). – Boerlagiodendron novoguineense (Scheff.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 31 (1894). – Boerlagiodendron lauterbachii K.Schum. & Lauterb., Fl. Schutzgeb. Südsee: 484 (1900). New Guinea to Solomon Is. PAPUA.

  12. Osmoxylon palmatum (Lam.) Philipson, Fl. Males. 9: 42 (1979); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia palmata Lam., Encycl. 1: 224 (1783). – Eschweileria palmata (Lam.) Zipp. ex Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 116 (1887). – Boerlagiodendron palmatum (Lam.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 31 (1894). – Trevesia moluccana Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 137 (1856). – Osmoxylon moluccanum (Miq.) Becc., Malesia 1: 198 (1878). – Boerlagiodendron moluccanum (Miq.) Ooststr., Beknopte Fl. Java [C.A. Backer] 7(159): 3 (1948). – Unjala bifida Reinw. ex Miq. in W.H.de Vriese, Pl. Ind. Bat. Orient. 2: 83 (1857). – Trevesia zippeliana Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 11 (1863). – Osmoxylon zippelianum (Miq.) Becc., Malesia 1: 195 (1878). Sulawesi to Maluku. SULAWESI, MALUKU.

  13. Osmoxylon sessiliflorum (Lauterb. ex Harms) Philipson, Blumea 23: 113 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Boerlagiodendron sessiliflorum Lauterb. ex Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 272 (1910). – Eschweileria sessiliflora (Lauterb. ex Harms) Baker f., J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 22 (1923). Maluku to New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  14. Osmoxylon talaudense Philipson, Blumea 23: 115 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to Sulawesi (Kep. Talaud). SULAWESI.

  15. Osmoxylon teysmannii (Boerl.) Philipson, Blumea 23: 111 (1976); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Eschweileria teysmannii Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 119 (1887). – Trevesia teysmannii (Boerl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 1: 272 (1891). – Boerlagiodendron teysmannii (Boerl.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 31 (1894). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.


PLERANDRA A.Gray

  1. Plerandra stahliana Warb., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 18: 203 (1893). – Schefflera stahliana (Warb.) Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae [D.G. Frodin & R.H.A. Govaerts]: 376 (2004); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Plerandra hogkugu Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 15: 678 (1942). New Guinea to Solomon Islands. PAPUA.


POLYSCIAS J.R.Forst. & G.Forst

Synonyms: Arthrophyllum Blume; Botryopanax Miq.; Eupteron Miq.; Gastonia Comm. ex Lam.; Kissodendron Seem.; Mormoraphis Jack ex Wall.; Nothopanax Miq.; Palmervandenbroekia Gibbs

  1. Polyscias aherniana (Merr.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 68 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Arthrophyllum borneense Baker, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1896: 23 (1896). – Arthrophyllum borneense Merr., Univ. Calif. Publ. Bot. 15: 231 (1929), nom. illeg. – Arthrophyllum elmeri Merr., Webbia 7: 319 (1950). – Arthrophyllum merrillianum Furtado, Gard. Bull. Singapore 19: 185 (1962), nom. illeg. Borneo, Philippines, N. Maluku. KALIMANTAN, MALUKU.

  2. Polyscias ashtonii (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 68 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP (2021). – Arthrophyllum ashtonii Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 303 (1977). Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  3. Polyscias balfouriana (André) L.H.Bailey, Rhodora 18: 153 (1916); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia balfouriana André, Rev. Hort. (Paris) 70: 229 (1898). – Panax balfourii Pynaert ex Sander, Nursery Cat. (Sander & Co.) 1899: 24 (1899). New Guinea to Queensland (Coral Sea Is. Terr.). PAPUA.

Polyscias belensis Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 13 (1951); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  1. Polyscias bipinnata (Gibbs) Philipson, Blumea 24: 170 (1978); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Kissodendron bipinnatum Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 161 (1917). W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  2. Polyscias borneensis Philipson, J. Bot. 78: 118 (1940); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Borneo to Philippines (Palawan). KALIMANTAN.

  3. Polyscias collina (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 68 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum collinum Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 305 (1977). Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  4. Polyscias cumingiana (C.Presl) Fern.-Vill., Fl. Filip. [F.M. Blanco], ed. 3, 4(13A): 102 (1880); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Panax pinnatus Lam., Encycl. 2: 715 (1788). – Panax secundus Schult., Syst. Veg. 6: 213 (1820), nom. illeg. – Panax bandanensis Zipp. ex Span., Linnaea 15: 208 (1841), not validly publ. – Nothopanax pinnatus (Lam.) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Arthrophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Maingay ex C.B.Clarke, Fl. Brit. India [J.D. Hooker] 2: 734 (1879). – Polyscias rumphiana Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 45 (1894). Philippines to SW. Pacific. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  5. Polyscias diversifolia (Blume) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum diversifolium Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 879 (1826). – Dendropanax ovatus (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 2: 301 (1864). – Hedera ovata Wall. ex G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 392 (1834). – Arthrophyllum dilatatum Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 768 (1856). Indo-China to W. & C. Malesia. SUMATRA, JAVA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA.

  6. Polyscias elegans (C.Moore & F.Muell.) Harms in H.G.A.Engler & K.A.E.Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 3(8): 45 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Polyscias branderhorstii Harms, Nova Guinea 8: 274 (1910). – Gelibia branderhorstii (Harms) Hutch., Gen. Fl. Pl. 2: 57 (1967). S. New Guinea to E. Australia. PAPUA.

  7. Polyscias elliptica (Blume) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum ellipticum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 879 (1826). – Arthrophyllum javanicum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 879 (1826). – Arthrophyllum blumeanum Zoll. & Moritzi in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. Ind. Archip. 1: 41 (1854), nom. illeg. –Arthrophyllum blumeanum var. ellipticum (Blume) Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 27 (1863). Sumatra, Java. SUMATRA?, JAVA.

  8. Polyscias engganoense (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum engganoense Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 305 (1977). Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  9. Polyscias eupteronoides (Teijsm. & Binn.) Frodin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(Suppl. 2): 184 (2019); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Gastonia eupteronoides Teijsm. & Binn., Natuurk. Tijdschr. Ned.-Indië 25: 416 (1863). Endemic to Java. JAVA.

  10. Polyscias filicifolia (C.Moore ex E.Fourn.) L.H.Bailey, Rhodora 18: 153 (1916); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia filicifolia C.Moore ex E.Fourn., Ill. Hort. 23: 72 (1876). – Aralia spectabilis W.Bull ex T.Moore & Mast., Gard. Chron., n.s., 5: 603 (1876). – Panax ornatus W.Bull, Nursery Cat. (William Bull) 242: 9 (1888). – Nothopanax ornatus (W.Bull) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 7: 241 (1912). a cultigen from New Guinea to SW. Pacific. PAPUA.

  11. Polyscias fruticosa (L.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 45 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Panax fruticosus L., Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1513 (1763). – Nothopanax fruticosus (L.) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Tieghemopanax fruticosus (L.) R.Vig., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 9, 4: 61 (1906). A cultigen from C. Malesia to SW. Pacific. SULAWESI, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  12. Polyscias guilfoylei (W.Bull) L.H.Bailey, Rhodora 18: 153 (1916); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia guilfoylei W.Bull, Gard. Chron. 1873: 606 (1873). – Panax guilfoylei (W.Bull) Cogn. & Marchal, Pl. Ornament. 2: t. 58 (1874). – Nothopanax guilfoylei (W.Bull) Merr., Philipp. J. Sci., C 7: 242 (1912). E. Malesia to SW. Pacific. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  13. Polyscias jackiana (G.Don) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Hedera jackiana G.Don, Gen. Hist. 3: 394 (1834). – Arthrophyllum jackianum (G.Don) Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae [D.G. Frodin & R.H.A. Govaerts]: 85 (2003 publ. 2004). – Arthrophyllum ovatifolium Jungh. & de Vriese, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 6: 177 (1846). – Arthrophyllum congestum Ridl., J. Fed. Malay States Mus. 10: 137 (1920). Andaman Is. & Nicobar Is. to W. & C. Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN, SULAWESI.

  14. Polyscias javanica Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantentuin 42: 13 (1900); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. E. Java to Lesser Sunda Is. JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

  15. Polyscias kjellbergii (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum kjellbergii Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 309 (1977). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  16. Polyscias koordersii (Harms) Frodin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(Suppl. 2): 181 (2019); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Tetraplasandra koordersii Harms, Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 19: 12 (1904). Endemic to Sulawesi. SULAWESI.

  17. Polyscias ledermannii Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 409 (1921); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. - Polyscias forbesii Baker f., J. Bot. 61(Suppl.): 22 (1923). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  18. Polyscias macgillivrayi (Benth.) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 45 (1894); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Panax macgillivrayi Benth., Fl. Austral. 3: 382 (1867). – Tieghemopanax macgillivrayi (Benth.) R.Vig., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 52: 313 (1905). – Polyscias grandifolia Volkens, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 31: 471 (1901). New Guinea to W. Pacific. PAPUA.

  19. Polyscias macrantha (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 69 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum macranthum Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 18 (1951). Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  20. Polyscias nodosa (Blume) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 181 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Aralia nodosa Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 873 (1826). – Paratropia nodosa (Blume) DC., Prodr. 4: 265 (1830). – Hedera nodosa (Blume) Hassk., Flora 25(2, Beibl.): 31 (1842). – Eupteron nodosum (Blume) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). Java to Solomon Is. and NE. Queensland. JAVA, SULAWESI, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  21. Polyscias obtusifolia Frodin, World Checkl. & Bibliogr. Araliaceae [D.G. Frodin & R.H.A. Govaerts]: 293 (2003 publ. 2004); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Panax obtusus Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 880 (1826). – Nothopanax obtusus (Blume) Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind. 1(1): 766 (1856). – Polyscias obtusa (Blume) Harms, Nat. Pflanzenfam. [H.G.A. Engler & K.A.E. Prantl] 3(8): 45 (1894), nom. illeg. Java. JAVA.

  22. Polyscias palmervandenbroekii Bernardi, Candollea 26: 16 (1971); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Palmervandenbroekia papuana Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 162 (1917). Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  23. Polyscias papuana (Miq.) Seem., J. Bot. 3: 181 (1865); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Gastonia papuana Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 5 (1863). Maluku to W. New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  24. Polyscias papyracea (Philipson) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 70 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum papyraceum Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 308 (1977). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  25. Polyscias paucidens (Miq.) Frodin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(Suppl. 2): 182 (2019); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Tetraplasandra paucidens Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 4 (1863). – Aralia paucidens (Miq.) Jacob-Makoy ex W.Richards, Gard. Chron., n.s., 9: 440 (1878). – Plerandra paucidens (Miq.) Baill., Adansonia 12: 137 (1878). Java to New Guinea. JAVA, KALIMANTAN, NUSA TENGGARA, MALUKU, PAPUA.

  26. Polyscias philipsonii Bernardi, Ber. Schweiz. Bot. Ges. 76: 377 (1966); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Polyscias fraxinifolia Philipson, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 1: 13 (1951), nom. illeg. Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  27. Polyscias pinnata J.R.Forst. & G.Forst., Char. Gen. Pl.: 64 (1776). SW. Pacific. JAVA (Introduced).

  28. Polyscias revoluta Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 68 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum crassum Philipson, Gard. Bull. Singapore 30: 305 (1977). Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  29. Polyscias roemeriana Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 411 (1921); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to New Guinea. PAPUA.

  30. Polyscias schultzei Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 410 (1921); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Polyscias gjellerupii Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 56: 410 (1921). Maluku to New Guinea. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  31. Polyscias scutellaria (Burm.f.) Fosberg, Occas. Pap. Univ. Hawaii 46: 9 (1948); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Crassula scutellaria Burm.f., Fl. Indica: 78 (1768). – Aralia cochleata Lam., Encycl. 1: 224 (1783). – Hedera cochleata (Lam.) Sweet, Hort. Brit.: 193 (1826). – Panax cochleatus (Lam.) DC., Prodr. 4: 253 (1830). – Nothopanax cochleatus (Lam.) Miq., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 139 (1856). – Nothopanax scutellarius (Burm.f.) Merr., Interpr. Herb. Amboin.: 409 (1917). – Panax scutellarioides Reinw. ex Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind.: 880 (1826). – Polyscias scutellarioides (Reinw. ex Blume) M.R.Almeida, Fl. Maharashtra 2: 367 (1998). – Nothopanax tricochleatus Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv. 2: 340 (1861). – Polyscias tricochleata (Miq.) Fosberg, Phytologia 5: 290 (1955). – Panax rumphii Hassk., Abh. Naturf. Ges. Halle 9: 220 (1866). A cultigen from E. Malesia to SW. Pacific. MALUKU, PAPUA.

  32. Polyscias serratifolia (Miq.) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 74 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Arthrophyllum serratifolium Miq., Fl. Ned. Ind., Eerste Bijv.: 341 (1861). – Gastonia serratifolia (Miq.) Philipson, Fl. Males. 9: 68 (1979). Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  33. Polyscias sleumeri Philipson, Blumea 24: 171 (1978); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  34. Polyscias sorongensis Gibbs, Fl. Arfak Mts.: 216 (1917); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  35. Polyscias spectabilis (Harms) Lowry & G.M.Plunkett, Pl. Divers. Evol. 128: 74 (2010); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Peekeliopanax spectabilis Harms, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 9: 478 (1926). Gastonia spectabilis (Harms) Philipson, Blumea 18: 494 (1970). – Gastonia boridiana Harms, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 69: 282 (1938). Papuasia to Santa Cruz Is. and NE. Queensland. PAPUA.

  36. Polyscias vogelkopensis Philipson, Blumea 24: 171 (1978); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to W. New Guinea. PAPUA.

  37. Polyscias winkleri (Harms) Frodin, Gard. Bull. Singapore 71(Suppl. 2): 186 (2019); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Gastonia winkleri Harms, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 15: 20 (1917). Endemic to SE. Borneo. KALIMANTAN.

  38. Polyscias zippeliana (Miq.) Valeton, Bull. Dép. Agric. Indes Néerl. 10: 42 (1907); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Panax zippelianus Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 1: 15 (1863). – Nothopanax zippelianus (Miq.) Seem., Fl. Vit.: 115 (1866). New Guinea (incl. Kep. Aru), N. Northern Territory to N. & NE. Queensland. PAPUA.


TREVESIA Vis.

Synonym: Petasula Noronha

  1. Trevesia arborea Merr., Contr. Arnold Arbor. 8: 116 (1934). Endemic to N. Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  2. Trevesia beccarii Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 110 (1887); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Endemic to Sumatra. SUMATRA.

  3. Trevesia burckii Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 110 (1887); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. Pen. Thailand to W. Malesia. SUMATRA, KALIMANTAN.

  4. Trevesia sundaica Miq., Pl. Jungh. 4: 420 (1855). – Gastonia sundaica (Miq.) Baill., Hist. Pl. 7: 161 (1879); Govaerts et al. WCSP 2021. – Sciodaphyllum palmatum Blume, Bijdr. Fl. Ned. Ind. 15: 875 (1826). – Brassaia palmata (Blume) Decne. & Planch., Rev. Hort. (Paris), sér. 4, 3: 106 (1854). – Actinophyllum palmatum Blume ex Boerl., Ann. Jard. Bot. Buitenzorg 6: 111 (1887). – Trevesia sundaica var. glomerata Koord. & Valeton, Meded. Lands Plantentuin 42: 5 (1900). Sumatra to Lesser Sunda Is. SUMATRA, JAVA, NUSA TENGGARA.

References

Govaerts R, Esser H-J, Frodin DG, Lowry PP, Wen J. 2021. World Checklist of Araliaceae. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://wcsp.science.kew.org/ Retrieved 26 June 2021.

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